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The American Bird-Keeper's Manual | by James Mann



Or directions for the proper management of american and foreign singing birds. With particular instructions for the breeding of canary birds, and the proper treatment op their young. Together with some remarks upon the diseases to which birds are liable - prevention and remedies. With a minute description of the general characteristics or markings of the different sexes, so as to be able to distinguish the male from the female.

TitleThe American Bird-Keeper's Manual
AuthorJames Mann
PublisherJames Mann
Year1848
Copyright1848, James Mann
AmazonThe American Bird-Keeper's Manual

By James Mann, Taxidermist, Dealer In Birds, Natural Curiosities, Etc.

Boston: Published By The Author, At 22 Water Street,

And Sold By Little And Brown, And W. D. Ticknor And Co.

-Preface
From my early days I have been an enthusiastic admirer of Birds, and have always considered these beautiful denizens of our woods and fields as the most interesting and delightful portion of animated ...
-American Thrushes. The Gray Mocking Bird
This far-famed bird is unquestionably the prince and leader of the feathered choir. And for his power of imitation, compass of voice, and brilliancy of execution, has no compeer among all his tribe. M...
-Black-Capped Mocking Bird, Or Cat Bird
This bird is familiarly known to every boy in New England, from its very peculiar call while partly concealed in its favorite bramble, or blackberry bush, which exactly resembles the cry of a young ki...
-Ferruginous Thrush, Or Brown Thrasher
This is a handsome, lively, and active bird, and in length of tail and shape bears a strong resemblance to the Gray Mocking Bird. In the Southern States he is called the French Mocking Bird; but his n...
-The Red-Breasted Thrush Or Robin
This is a hardy, vigorous, and well known bird, handsome in shape, beautiful in his plumage, and graceful in his attitudes; and, although he is a heavy bird of his size, there is none possessed of mor...
-Wood Or Song Thrush
This is a shy and solitary bird, but a charming songster, frequenting the most lonely and secluded portions of our forests. They are never seen but in pairs or singly, and oftener heard than seen. The...
-European Thrushes. The English Black Thrush, Or Black Bird
When clothed in his fine, jet black and glossy plumage, with his bright yellow bill, this is really a beautiful bird. He is familiar and docile; he can be taught to whistle a tune distinctly and clear...
-English Thrush, Or Mavis
This is a most excellent songster, and comes nearer, in the clearness and melody of its notes, to the great american musician, the mocking bird, than perhaps any other bird known They will also imita...
-The Missel-Thrush
This is the largest of its tribe, but it is far inferior to the former in song. Its notes are few, but musical, and pretty loud. In Britain, some years ago, it was rather a rare bird, but it is now mo...
-Rock Thrush
This is a very rare bird, of whose good qualities I am incapable of judging by observation, having never seen one; nor do I believe it has ever been brought to this country; but, as it is a very good ...
-American Finches. Indigo Finch
This little Bird has two very good qualifications; it is beautiful and musical. It is a pretty little Bird, and a very sweet singer. It has also another characteristic peculiar to itself. It does not ...
-Nonpareil, Or Painted Bunting
This beautiful bird is a little larger in size, and somewhat inferior in song to the Indigo Finch, but what it lacks in song it makes up in the richness and variety of its plumage. The male is elegant...
-American Goldfinch, Or Yellow Bird
This little bird bears a strong resemblance to his European prototype, not quite so richly dressed, and somewhat inferior in song; nevertheless, he is a sprightly and lively bird; he is docile and fam...
-Purple Finch, Or Red Linnet
The birds of the United States may be divided into two general classes, summer birds and winter birds. The first class visit us in the spring, from the regions of the South, for the purpose of incubat...
-Song Finch, Or Sparrow
If not the best musical performer that visits us from the South, there is none that meets a heartier welcome in New England than the Song Sparrow. While winter yet lingers, and seems loth to depart, a...
-Towhe Bunting, Or Swamp Robin
This is a beautiful, and very familiar bird. He will allow you to walk close up to him, while engaged in his favorite occupation of scratching among the leaves for seeds, and the larvae of insects. Fr...
-Lesser Red Poll Finch, Or Linnet
This is another of our winter visitants, who extends his migrations from the north over both continents. Almost all of the birds who visit us in the winter, are tame and unsuspicious, allowing a perso...
-Fox-Colored Finch, Or Sparrow
This is a plump and pretty bird, and is another of our winter visitants from the North. It is tame like the others; is a large bird of its species, and being of a beautiful fox-color, it looks well in...
-Snow Bunting
This is a bird who breeds in vast numbers in the solitary regions of the North; and on the approach of winter migrates southward, on both Continents. They are found in the North of Europe, and in the ...
-Snow Bird
This little bird, like the former, visits us in great numbers from the north, on the approach of winter. They migrate extensively all over the country, from Maine to the Gulf of Mexico. Their summer m...
-White Crowned Bunting
This is a very beautifully marked species, and in Massachusetts rather rare, as it breeds to the northward of us. I have never seen but one in a cage; it was an elegant bird, and sang delightfully. Th...
-Cowpen Finch, Or Cowbtrd.
This bird, in its habits, differs from all the birds which are known to naturalists on the continent of America; and it is rather a remarkable coincidence that there is one, on the continent of Europe...
-European Finches. Goldfinch
This is one of the most beautiful of the European cage birds. Besides the beauties of its plumage, it is a neat and clean little cage bird, and a sweet songster. It also possesses other good qualities...
-Bullfinch
This beautiful bird is universally admired both for its wonderful and musical powers, and its mild and inoffensive manners. It can be taught to whistle airs and melodies distinctly and accurately, wit...
-Chaffinch
This is a beautiful, lively, and active bird, and has some very sprightly, warbling notes. It is very highly prized in Germany, so much so, that it would seem, from the way they speak of it, that ther...
-Green Finch, Or Linnet
This is a strong, hardy, and robust bird, and a pretty fair musical performer. He is remarkably docile, very easily tamed, and can be so completely domesticated, as to be bred like the Canary, in a ca...
-Gray Linnet
The song of this bird consists of several lively strains, which succeed each other with great harmony, in a sweet and soft tone. It can also be taught tunes by whistling them to it, like the Bullfinch...
-Canary Finch
This well-known bird is among Finches what the Gray Mocking Bird is among the Thrushes, the great musical leader of the tribe. We may go farther, and say that there is no bird of its size known to nat...
-Grossbeaks. Cardinal Grossbeak
The Cardinal Grossbeak, with his bright black and red plumage, and fine pointed crest, is really a splendid bird. His fame for beauty and song hath reached across the Atlantic, and in Europe he is muc...
-Rose-Breasted Grossbeak
This is another elegant bird, of the same species, and likewise a charming songster. I think it is probable that this bird is originally from the far West, and is now gradually spreading over the coun...
-Blue Grossbeak
The Blue Grossbeak is another beautiful bird of this class. It inhabits Guiana, and perhaps further south, and is rather rare, even in the Southern States. It is but seldom that we see them in Massach...
-Pine Grossbeak
This is one of the bright and beautiful birds who visit us, not from the sunny lands of the South, but from the frozen regions of the North. And the modest and unassuming visitant is content with humb...
-Common Crossbill
This remarkable bird being once seen, the most superficial observer can never afterwards be mistaken, as to the genus to which it belongs. The upper and lower mandibles of the bill cross one another a...
-Baltimore Oriole
This bird is beautiful in plumage, displays a great deal of ingenuity and skill in building his nest, and is likewise a good musical performer. And although merit is not always rewarded, it would appe...
-Scarlet Tanager
This is one of the most gaudily dressed of our birds who visits us regularly from southern climes, for the purpose of incubation; and when seen flitting through some of our fine green trees, with his ...
-Summer Red Bird
This bird is about the size of the Scarlet Ta-nager, but the male is a bright vermilion, all over. The males are subject to the same changes of color as the former, having been found spotted all over ...
-Purple Grakle, Or Crow Black Bird
This bird is rather longer than the European Black Bird, but not so robust. They are very social birds, building their nests in companies, on the highest of our trees, from the tops of which the males...
-Rusty Grakle
This is another of our Black Birds, which is a winter visitant, breeding far to the northward of us. They visit us in the autumn, in small flocks, keeping company with the Red Winged Starling and Cowp...
-European Warblers. Nightingale
This bird has been celebrated for its musical powers, almost from time immemorial. Poets have sung its praises, and historians have recorded its merits; and it is figured on the pages (not greatly to ...
-Black Cap
This bird is about the same size, and closely allied to the Nightingale, although placed by naturalists in a different genera. It does not require that care and attention, nor the variety of food whic...
-Robin Red Breast
This pretty little bird has been rendered famous in story by figuring conspicuously in a pathetic nursery tale, well known in the land of our forefathers, to every child that is able to master its fir...
-American Larks. Meadow Lark
Although this bird has not, as yet, been often kept in a cage, I see no reason why it should not be; and when its merits are known there is no doubt it will. For although for song it will not bear a c...
-Shore Lark
This is another beautiful bird of this genus, that visits us in winter from the North, where it breeds. It is also found in Europe. They fly here in flocks, and their call has a resemblance to the Sky...
-Brown Lark
This bird is rather smaller than the last mentioned, and is likewise a winter visitant. They visit us in the autumn, and fly in small flocks about our meadows and ploughed fields. Although almost sile...
-European Larks. Sky Lark
It is a bright spot to look back upon, in the sunny days of our youth, when in the fields, on a fine summer morning, we listened to this delightful warbler, and gazed upon him in his upward flight, un...
-The Wood Lark
This bird bears some resemblance to the Sky Lark, but it is smaller in size. It is said to be superior in the melody and rich tone of its song to the other, but inferior in variety and compass of voic...
-Rice Bird, Or Bobolink
This is the Rice Bird of the Southern States, the Reed Bird of Pennsylvania, and the Bobolink of the New England States, and is about as well known in New England as the Robin Red-Breast is in Old Eng...
-Red-Winged Starling
These birds are very numerous in the United States, and congregate in large flocks in the spring and fall. And although they generally migrate farther south, large numbers of them winter in the Southe...
-Cedar Waxwing
We have many birds of bright and gaudy colors, but none who have their plumage of a more delicate and silky texture than this bird. There are, I believe, but three species of this genus known to natu...
-Blue Jay
This elegant and well known bird, in the delicate coloring and beauty of his plumage, will bear a comparison with any of the gaudy colored birds of tropical climes, and it probably surpasses many of t...
-The Magpie
With the name of this bird are associated stories of poor forlorn maidens, who have been unjustly accused of pilfering silver spoons, jewelry, etc.; while our hero, indulging in his natural propensity...
-European Jay
This bird is inferior in the brightness and variety of its colors to the American Blue Jay. Yet the colors of its plumage are chaste aud pleasing, and the variegated beauty spot on the wing, enlivenin...
-Carolina Parrot
Of nearly two hundred different kinds of Parrots, described by naturalists, this is the only species found within the territory of the United States. It is much prized in Europe, and in Paris it is sa...
-European Siskin Finch
This little bird is very rare in Britain, and I had never seen a live specimen. But since this work went to press I have received one from Palermo. It is a neat and pretty shaped bird, and is closely ...
-South American, Asiatic, And African Birds. Orioles
Of this very numerous genus of birds, of which the Baltimore is a species, by far the greater part of them belong to the American Continent. They are remarkable for their docility and sagacity, and th...
-Icterus Oriole, Or Troopial
This beautiful species is of a very lively disposition, and possesses in an eminent degree the other qualifications of his tribe. There is one of these birds which has been kept in a family in this ci...
-Cacique Oriole
This species is about the size of a Crow Blackbird. The color of the plumage is glossy black, on the shoulders is a broad strip of yellow; also the rump and upper part of the tail, excepting the two m...
-Red Rumped Oriole
This is an elegant species, although there is not much variety in the colors. It is rather smaller in size than the former, and is entirely of a deep glossy black, excepting the rump which is of a viv...
-Black-Headed Oriole
This bird is about the size of the blue Jay. The head and neck is black; the wings are striped with black and yellow; the tail reddish, and the remainder of the plumage is of a bright golden yellow. T...
-Crested Dominican Grossbeak
This is an elegant bird, and a very agreeable songster; and when in full plumage, with his fine arched crest, and the glowing crimson of his head and neck, contrasted with the chaste coloring of the r...
-Mino Bird
This remarkable bird is about the size of our Crow Blackbird, and resembles it also in plumage. It articulates words and sentences with wonderful distinctness. There was one at the Exchange Coffee Hou...
-Java Finch, Or Sparrow
This pretty little bird, although it does not excel as a songster, cannot be surpassed in the beauty of its plumage, nor the chaste delicacy of its colors. The close compactness of its feathers make i...
-Broad-Shafted Whydah Finch
This elegant bird is remarkable for the size and beauty of the tail, the middle feathers of which, (although the body of the bird is not much larger than a Canary,) is twelve inches long. It is a sple...
-Crimson-Collared Whydah
This is another beautiful species, rather larger than the former, and the tail is differently shaped. In this bird the middle feather is the shortest, the tail being forked; round the upper part of th...
-Red-Billed Whydah
The tail of this species differs from the two preceding; it is square like another bird's, and of a moderate length, except the four middle feathers, which are long, and so formed, that when closed, t...
-Amandava, Or Avodavine Finch
This beautiful little bird, although a native of the warm counties of Asia, bears the vicissitudes of our climate remarkably well; although small, they are hardy, and there are many of them kept in Bo...
-Senegal Finch, Or Spice Bird
This pretty little songster is still smaller than the Amandava, and its note, although not quite so loud, is much more harmonious. The female also sings, and if there are a pair in the cage, they will...
-Doves. Ring Dove
This is a neat and pretty bird, mild and gentle in its disposition. I kept a pair for some time, (a good many years ago) but never could succeed in raising more than one bird at a hatching, the other ...
-Turtle Dove
This bird is also brought here and kept in cages Although not so common as the Ring-Dove, it is more prolific in a domestic state; and it is said it will pair with the Collared Turtle, and the produce...
-Parrots. Gray, Or African Parrot
This bird, although not so gaudily colored as some of his tribe, is one of the most beautiful and valuable. There are numbers of them, imported both to this country and Europe, from Africa, where they...
-Brazilian Green Parrot
This is a very beautiful species; it is often brought here, and is about the size of the African. It is docile and tractable, and may be taught to articulate words and sentences very distinctly. The ...
-White-Fronted Parrot
This is another very elegant species, which is sometimes brought here. They are larger in size than the former, and are very gentle, and familiar in their manners, and easily taught to speak, and whis...
-Instructions For The Breeding Of Canary Birds, And The Proper Treatment Of The Young. Location For Breeding
If you intend to breed your birds flying at large in a room, and have a choice, choose one, the windows of which look to the south-east; if in cages, place them in the same situation, for the same pur...
-Pairing
If the weather is mild you may put your birds together about the first of March. Those that are intended to be bred in a room had better be put in a cage for ten or twelve days to pair; they may pair ...
-Breeding Cages, Nests, Etc
I have bred Canaries in rooms and in cages, and I prefer the latter method, not only because I have been more successful in this way, but I think there is more pleasure and gratification in breeding i...
-Hatching, And Treatment Of The Young
On putting your birds in the cage, to pair, give one-third of a hard-boiled egg to a pair, every morning, yolk, white, and shell; add to their portion of hemp and Canary seed, some rape, and put in th...
-Moulting Of The Young
Although the moulting of young birds is only partial, as they do not in general shed their wing or tail feathers, they require more care and attention than at their future moultings. It generally take...
-Moulting Of The Old Birds
The old birds generally moult about the beginning of autumn. They require also nourishing food at this period. Give them freely of rape-seed, a bit of bread dipped in milk, and occasionally a bit of h...
-Diseases, To Which Canaries, And Other Birds Are Liable, In A Domestic State
Inflammation Of The Bowels Young Canaries, when fed upon egg and bread, and such nutritious food, get sick, and their appearance indicates an attack of this disorder. The skin of the belly is ...
-Mites
These troublesome little insects first infest the cages, and then prey upon the poor birds. Under the ornaments on the heads of the posts, and under the perches, and about the head of the cage, are th...
-Instructions For The Rearing Of American Birds From The Nest
A difference of opinion exists as to the proper time to take the nests of young birds. Some say, when they begin to feather; others, when the tail feathers begin to grow. When I reared them I always t...
-What Those Who Keep Birds Ought Not To Do
Do not keep a bird in a room that is painting, or has been newly painted, until the effluvia of the paint is completely gone. Do not hang your bird over a stove, or above the mantel-piece, or over a ...









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