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Dogs In Disease: Their Management And Treatment | by Ashmont



A study of the theory and practice of canine medicine

TitleDogs In Disease: Their Management And Treatment
AuthorAshmont
PublisherSampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington
Year1885
Copyright1885, Ashmont
AmazonDogs In Disease, Their Management And Treatment

Second Edition, Revised And Enlarged.

-Preface
The rapid advancement in science has wrought many changes in the principles and practice of medicine; added new remedies to the resources of the physician; exploded many old theories, and dissipated c...
-Chapter 1. Introduction
As the object of this work is to treat of the dog in a state of disease, the author has deemed it expedient to confine himself to those essential considerations in keeping with his purpose, reserving ...
-The Care Of Puppies After Weaning
One of the greatest essentials in the rearing of puppies, especially the case in large breeds, is sufficient exercise. Under no consideration, chain them, but allow almost absolute freedom of movement...
-Dogs In Health. General Management. Feeding
Pages have been written on the origin and ancient history of the dog, theories advanced, speculations urged, and yet we still remain in complete ignorance on the subject. Some contend, in the anatomic...
-Exercise
Exercise develops the muscles of the body. Increases their functional activity, hastens the digestion of food, and renders its assimilation easier. It improves nutrition by elevating the temperature, ...
-Washing
Washing Is admissible in summer, and undoubtedly has its benefits in colder weather when all influences are favorable, and proper precautions observed; unfortunately, neglect results too seriously, an...
-Kennel Arrangements
In kennelling, the primary essentials are, good ventilation, perfect cleanliness, dryness, and freedom from draughts. Less sickness undoubtedly occurs when dogs are inured to climatic changes. Thos...
-Grooming
In the stable, one often hears the old adage, a good grooming is better for a horse than a feeding.*' The same holds true in the kennel. The ancient Averrhoes gave the sum of the directions by Galen ...
-Vermin
Fleas, more especially in warm weather, are the bane of a dog's existence, and only the most constant care and watchfulness can insure protection from this unmitigated nuisance. There are literally...
-Chapter II. Antidotes And Treatment Cases Of Poisoning
It would seem, that in the treatment of dogs in disease, some people draw from a fund of accumulated and transmitted ignorance, and display the least possible common sense and judgment. Remedies of th...
-Arsenic
Symptoms Constant hawking, caused by burning pain in the throat; great thirst, tongue and mucous membrane of the mouth becomes red and swollen; abdomen enlarged, hard, tense, and painful to the tou...
-Strychnine And Nux Vomica
Symptoms At first restlessness, then pain, as evinced by the dog's sharp cries, followed by twitchings of the muscles, jerkings of the head, snapping of the jaws, and foaming at the mouth; then con...
-Carbolic Acid
Symptoms Great depression, trembling, shivering, and loss of motion, Indicative of approaching paralysis, diarrhoea, the discharges at times bloody. Treatment Hot mustard bath, friction, and ...
-Phophorus
Symptoms Burning pain in the throat and stomach, vomiting, purging, great inflammation and tenderness of the abdomen, convulsions. Treatment Give promptly an emetic, followed with either magn...
-Mercury
Symptoms Acts much like arsenic, but quicker and more violent, corrosion of mouth, burning of throat, distress in stomach and bowels, excessive thirst, vomiting and purging of bloody mucus, skin co...
-Lead Satis
Symptoms Depend on the mode of poisoning. In large doses, the usual symptoms are irritation, distress, and vomiting, colic, constipation, cramps, and paralysis. Treatment Give epsom salts wit...
-Chapter III. The Principles Of Medicine. Pathology
If the term health expressed a well defined state, an absolute standard might be fixed. To define disease is equally as difficult. It is an absence, or deficiency of health, simply a transfer of the d...
-Diagnosis
The term diagnosis, signifies the art of discriminating diseases, to determine their character and situation. It is sufficiently obvious, that a distinctive knowledge of diseases is of great practical...
-Prognosis
The art of foretelling results in diseases is called prognosis. To determine the probable end in many cases, is often important with reference to -treatment. The writer has deemed it wise to consider ...
-Causation
A knowledge of the causes of disease is highly important as a means of prevention. When causes are traced to their origin, their influences can often be obviated. It not unfrequently happens that igno...
-Administering Medicine
It is presumed that the owner, or at least one familiar with the dog to be treated, will administer the medicine. If kindness and patience is exhibited, little or no trouble will be experienced. An...
-Chapter IV. Special Pathology And Therapeutics
Introduction Before entering upon the consideration of individual diseases, it may be well to understand certain points of distinction, interesting and of practical importance. Differences as re...
-Diseases Of The Respiratory Organs. Acute Pleurisy
Each long is invested, upon its external surface, by an exceedingly delicate membrane, the pleura, which incloses the organ as far as its root, and is then returned upon the inner surface of the chest...
-Counter Irritation
Counter Irritation may now be resorted to, the tincture of iodine applied with a brush preferred. The important object is to support and nourish the animal. Laxatives and external applications must be...
-Chronic Pleurisy
Chronic pleurisy occasionally follows the acute form of the disease, hut in the majority of cases is a sub-acute affection from the first. It is often developed imperceptibly, those prominent symptoms...
-Pneumonia
An inflammation of the substance of the lungs, or pneumonia is characterized by an exudation into the air cells, solidifying for a time that portion of the lung affected. The first appreciable anatomi...
-Bronchitis
An inflammation seated in the lining membrane of the larger bronchial tabes constitutes the disease called bronchitis, a very common affection among dogs. It is generally ushered in by an inflammation...
-Consumption
The term consumption, wasting of the body, strictly speaking, implies pulmonary tuberculosis, an affection characterized by the presence in the lungs of a morbid product called tubercle. This deposit ...
-Asthma
The term asthma should properly be limited to one morbid condition. Veterinarians distinguish between the congestive and spasmodic forms. The congestive and more common affection observed among dogs, ...
-Acute Laryngitis
The larynx is the organ of voice, placed at the upper part of the air passage. It performs a double function, one part of which is connected with the voice, the other with respiration. It is situated ...
-Chronic Laryngitis
Chronic inflammation of the larynx often occurs without having been preceded by the acute form of the disease. It more commonly begins either as an acute catarrh, which from exposure and neglect assum...
-Acute Catarrh
To use the term catarrh alone, aa indicative of aa individual affection seems unwarrantable, from its intimate attachments to a whole family of diseases, distinctively classified. The literal meani...
-Nasal Polypus
Occasionally mucous polypi of the nasal cavity are seen in dogs. These tumors retain the elements of the mucous membranes from which they arise. Certain catarrhal symptoms are associated with their fo...
-Influenza
Influenza is an epidemic disease, which is characterized by catarrh of the respiratory, and often also of the digestive organs. Its attack is sudden, great and rapid weakness is developed, and fever ...
-Chapter V. Affections Of The Mouth And Tongue. The Eruption Of The Teeth
The first or milk teeth of a puppy begin to appear soon after birth, and within a month the first process of dentition is completed. The permanent about the fourth month, begin to replace the temporar...
-Treatment Of The Teeth
Generally but little trouble 1b experienced by puppies in shedding their temporary teeth. It would be wise, however, to examine their months occasionally, and if any are loosened remove them, which ca...
-Softening Of The Gums
This condition may be the consequence of an accumulation of tartar, or of a congested state of the liver and bowels. The gums are swollen, spongy and tender, and bleed at the slightest touch. In su...
-Canker Of The Mouth
Canker Of The Mouth is an individual affection induced directly by a decayed tooth, or a diseased state of the jaw bone. Symptoms Attention is usually first attracted by a swelling on the jaw ov...
-Salivation
Salivation or an increased flow of saliva, may be caused by a too liberal use of mercury, by a sudden check to the cutaneous secretion, by cold and damp, or by any influence that suddenly lowers the s...
-Blain
Blain, manifested by an eruption of blisters on the tongue, is comparatively rare among dogs. The cause is generally attributable to improper feeding, neglect, and exposure, and other influences im...
-Inflammation Of The Tongue
This affection is known by great swelling of the tongue, tenderness and difficulty in swallowing. It generally accompanies severe salivation, but it may occur in an acute form independent of this caus...
-Pharyngitis
The pharynx, a part of the canal through which the food passes, is placed behind the month, nose, and larynx. Inflammation of the pharynx, or pharyngitis, is an affection very rarely occurring alon...
-Chapter VI. Diseases Affecting The Digestive System. Indigestion
A large proportion of the disturbances of the stomach and intestines relates to digestion. In every attack of indigestion the processes involved in the changes which the food undergoes before absorpti...
-Acute Gastritis
It should be understood that the term acute gastritis is used to denote an inflammation of the stomach, of such intensity as to greatly endanger life; a disease fortunately of very rare occurrence. It...
-Chronic Gastritis
Chronic inflammation of the stomach is not an unfrequent disease among dogs. It is due to a congestion, and a low type of inflammation of the mucous membrane, and is usually combined with disorders of...
-Vomiting
As it is a dog's license to vomit easily and almost at will, an attack may-mean much, and it may be of the least importance. Often a hearty meal will he bolted to be immediately expelled, and again mo...
-Colic
Colic is a pain that originates in the walls of the intestines. It is properly but a symptom of the many abdominal diseases; its importance and frequent appearance among dogs however warrants its clas...
-Diarrhoea
The term diarrhoea is used to designate too frequent operations of the bowels, the discharges being abnormally changed in character. It may occur as an Independent affection, or as a symptom incident ...
-Dysentery
The term dysentery is used to denote an inflammation of the large intestine accompanied by mucous and bloody discharges from the bowels. In mild cases the inflammation is not severe and may be conf...
-Constipation
The term constipation and costiveness have the same significance, and denote insufficient evacuation of the bowels. Constipation exists as a functional disorder, and occurs as a symptom in various dis...
-Enterltis
Enteritis is designated by nearly all writers as inflammation of the bowels. The name properly signifies an inflammation of the intestine, restricted in its application to the small intestine. The dis...
-Intestinal Obstruction
Obstruction is possible in any part of the intestinal canal from the mouth to the rectum. The condition is an uncommon one, and when existing it is rarely recognized in time but is mistaken for some o...
-Peritonitis
The peritoneum is a serous membrane partially investing all the organs in the abdominal cavity. An inflammation of this membrane or perito-nitis may be either acute, circumscribed, or chronic as regar...
-Piles
Haemorrhoids or piles are small tumors situated near the anus. They consist of folds of the mucous and sub-mucous tissues, and usually contain large veins. These tumors may be in a state of congestion...
-Fissure Of The Anus
This affection appears as an irritable ulcer, and originates in a crack in the mucous membrane of the rectum, near the junction of the skin. It may be caused by intestinal irritation, piles, constipat...
-Fistula In Ano
Fistula in Ano signifies an ulcer through the rectum, and a passage by the side of it down through the fibres of the sphincter ani, the muscle which surrounds the anus closing it by contraction. Fi...
-Prolapsus Anii
The name denotes aa eversion of the lower portion of the rectum, and Us protrnsion through the anus. The affection is more common in old dogs, but may appear at any age, caused by a natural laxity of ...
-Chapter VII. Diseases Affecting The Solid Organs Of The Abdomen. Acute Hepatitis
Of the diseases of the solid abdominal organs, the greater number and the more important are situated In the liver. Inflammation of this struct-ure is termed hepatitis and maybe either acute or chroni...
-Chronic Hepatitis
It is stated by some that chronic hepatitis may be a sequel of acute inflammation of the liver. This seems probable, and yet from the peculiar nature of the disorder, in but few cases can the point of...
-Fatty Liver
The term is used to denote a morbid condition of the liver increased in size by the excessive accumulation of fat, sufficient to interfere with the healthy action of that organ. Observation has shown ...
-Jaundice
The presence of biliary coloring matter in sufficient quantity to give a yellow color to the skin, constitutes the diseased condition known as icterus or jaundice. Strictly it is never an individual a...
-Torpor Of The Liver
Functional disturbances of the liver are very common among dogs. The character of their food, irregularities in feeding, and insufficient exercise, promote a disorder which may be termed torpor of the...
-Passage Of Gall Stones
The term calculus denotes a stone or gravel, or unorganized concretion found in the body, as in the bladder, gall-ducts, kidneys, etc. Biliary calculi are usually formed in the gall-bladder, and their...
-Cancer Of The Liver
Cases are on record where the liver has been the seat of cancerous changes, proving the possibility of such an affection invading that organ. The disease in nearly all if not all cases, attacks other ...
-Affections Of The Spleen
The special function of the spleen has never been clearly determined; like other glands its action is to modify the constitution of the blood. The precise alteration which is effected by its passage t...
-Diseases Of The Pancreas
While the fact is recognized that the pancreas may be the seat of inflammation as in the other glandular organs, the liver, kidneys, etc., it is also apparent a correct diagnosis of morbid changes mus...
-Sugar In The Liver
Besides the secretion of bile, the liver performs another important function, viz, the production of sugar. While a consideration of this subject is not essential to the doctrine of diseases, certain ...
-Chapter VIII. Diseases Of The Urinary Organs. Nephritis
Nephritis or inflammation of the kidney is a disease rarely met with in dogs. Its infrequency is relatively the same as the occurrence of acute inflammations in other glandular organs. Causation ...
-Acute Cystitis
Cystitis or acute inflammation of the bladder, is a disease uncommon among dogs. Probably the affection more commonly has its origin in traumatic injuries, such as blows, kicks, and crushes. Chemic...
-Chronic Cystitis
Chronic inflammation of the bladder may follow the acute, and may be a consequence of irritation from calculi, from repeated excesses, and exposure to colds. Luxuriously treated house pets and old dog...
-Cystic Calculi
Stone in the bladder, cystic calculus, is occasionally met with in dogs, more common in advanced age. Symptoms Irritability of the bladder, with frequent efforts to void the urine. Considerable ...
-Renal Calculi
Stone in the kidney, to which the above name is given, is occasionally found in canine practice. This affection is exceedingly difficult to diagnose unless the symptoms assume an unusual prominence. ...
-Retention Of Urine
The term retention in this connection signifies a want of power to pass the urine from the bladder. It is to be understood there is urine to pass, and the condition must not be confounded with suppres...
-Haematuria
Heamaturia or bloody urine occurs at times in certain diseases of dogs. The seat of the disease giving rise to this affection may be in the kidneys or bladder, and very rarely in the passage from the ...
-Chapter IX. Diseases Of The Genital Organs. Balanitis
The principal organ of generation in the dog is subject to an inflamma-tion of the mucous membrane of its covering or sheath,called balanitis. This affection is manifested by a purulent discharge anno...
-Paraphymosis
This condition is said to exist when the organ of generation in the dog has protruded and fails to return to its sheath. It becomes thereby much congested and swollen inducing severe pain. Treatmen...
-Inflammation Of The Scrotum
A form of irritation of the scrotum at times occurs in dogs, which if neglected may take on a malignant type and become cancer scroti. Causation The irritation is largely confined to older dogs....
-Morbid Growths
Not infrequently as the result of balanitis, warts or vegetations appear on the genitals of dogs. Other causes have been assigned, but in this situation they are doubtless induced by irritating discha...
-Prolapse Of The Vagina
Falling or inversion of the vagina is a consequence of general debility. It is liable to follow whelping and to accompany congestive diseases of the womb. This condition is sometimes observed during o...
-Polypi Of The Vagina
Polypi is a word employed to signify any sort of tumor having a neck or stem and growing out from a surface. The most frequent seat of polypi is the mucous membrane; attached to the vaginal walls t...
-Acute Metritis
Acute inflammation of the uterus or womb is an exceedingly rare disease. The possibility of its occurrence warrants a brief consideration. A traumatic origin such as a blow or a kick might cause me...
-Affections Of The Vulva
Bitches are occasionally affected with a mucous or purulent discharge from the parts at the entrance of the vagina, independent of any deeper seated inflammation. This affection resembles balanitis in...
-Chapter X. Diseases Of The Eye. Ophthalmia
The conjunctiva is the mucous membrane of the eye. It lines the Inner surface of the eyelids, is returned and forms a covering to the exposed part of the eyeball. This membrane is subject to inflammat...
-Iritis
The iris (a rainbow) has received its name from the varied color it presents. It is a thin, circular shaped, contractile curtain suspended in front of the lens, being perforated by an aperture, the pu...
-Cataract
The definition of the term cataract is an opacity of the crystalline lens, or of its capsule, or of both. To render this more intelligible it is necessary to briefly consider the anatomy of this po...
-Amaurosis
The meaning of the term amaurosis is imperfect vision, depending on changes in the deeper structures of the eye. The name gutta serena is sometimes given to the same affection, suggested by the pe...
-Protrusion Of The Eye Ball
This condition fortunately is but rarely encountered. Displacement of the eyeball from its socket is usually the result of direct violence received in fighting. Simple protrusion without laceration...
-Lachrymal Apparatus
The tears are produced in glands situated at upper part of the cavity of the eye, and opening by ducts upon the surface of the conjunctiva between the eyeball and upper lid. The office of the tears is...
-Affections Of The Haw
In the inner corner of the eye is a semilunar fold of the mucous membrane, the cavity of which is directed outwards. This is called the membrana nictitans, and resembles somewhat the third eyelid in b...
-Affections Of The Eyelids
An eczematous inflammation frequently occurs on the edges of the eyelids, they becoming incrusted with dried secretion and sticking together. This affection may he acute, accompanied with some pain...
-Chapter XI. Diseases Of The Ear. Canker
The term canker is certainly a convenient one, as the older authors found it quite sufficient to designate a variety of affections of the ear, distinct in character, occurring in different locations, ...
-Otitis, Media Or Interna
It is to be understood that the membrana tympanl, or drum membrane of the ear, is the division between the so-called external and middle ear. In treating of the affection which we were obliged to call...
-Polypus
The term polypus includes two forms of diseased growths. The first is extremely rare; it is nearly colorless, fleshy in appearance, and attached by a stalk to the middle of the external ear. Its surfa...
-Deafness
Impairment or loss of hearing power is more commonly the result of organic changes. Very rarely deafness depends upon certain constitutional disturbances, there being an entire absence of all symptoms...
-Affections Of The Flap Of The Ear
Abscesses occasionally form in the flap of the ear. They may occui without any apparent cause but are more commonly the result of blows or tugging at the ear. The constant shaking of the head induced ...
-Chapter XII. Dlseases Of The Skin. Eczema
Eczema is a disease of the skin which first appears either as minute blisters, pimples, or small elevations covering pus; these three forms may more conveniently be designated the vesicular, papular, ...
-Acute Eczema
In all oases when acute eczema makes its appearance, the first step in local treatment is to remove the hair, not only over the eruption, but for a sufficient distance from it to insure the disease is...
-Chronic Eczema
In the treatment of chronic eczema one must expect to occasionally encounter cases obstinate and difficult to cure; more often they will yield readily to judicious treatment. It must be remembered tha...
-Sarcoptic Mange
The sarcoptic mange is an artificial eczema occasioned in the dog by two exciting causes; one the irritation of an insect infesting the skin (Sarcoptes Canis); the other the scratching of the animal i...
-Follicular Mange
In this form of mange the hair follicles are first the seat of the disease; the skin and subcutaneous tissues are afterwards involved by the inflammation. The affection is contagious but far less so t...
-Prurigo
Prurigo is a disease of the skin, manifesting itself by slightly reddish, very itchy papules of about the size of a pin head. This eruption may appear differing little or none in color from the surrou...
-Pruritus
Prurigo and Pruritus are not to be confounded as being expressive of the same condition. The former is a disease always associated with papular development, while the latter is intense itching, purely...
-Favus
This disease for which a variety of names is given, among them honeycomb ringworm, is characterized by the formation of sulphur-yellow crusts. These are generally rounded and present a peculiar appear...
-Ringworm
This affection is occasionally met with in canine practice. It is due to a parasite identical with that in favus, and is the exciting element in both diseases. The same influences are active in propag...
-Erythema
Erythema is an inflammation of the skin which appears either in the form of superficially inflamed patches, pimples, or lumps called nodules. The accompanying symptoms are redness, some tenderness,...
-Erysipelas
Erysipelas is an inflammation of the skin which tends to spread rapidly over large surfaces, accompanied by severe constitutional symptoms. The disease is assumed to be blood poisoning and may be caus...
-Chapter XIII. Intestinal Parasites
A study of the anatomical structure of worms, their physiological phenomena, and natural history is highly interesting, and productive of valuable results; still those considerations which relate dire...
-Ascaris Marginata
This lumbricoid is the principal round-worm found in dogs; it resembles the common earth-worm, and varies in length from two to six inches. It is of a pale pink color, perfectly round in shape, and ta...
-The Oil Of Turpentine As A Vermifuge
The Oil Of Turpentine As A Vermifuge is highly esteemed, especially in tape-worm. In cases of round-worms which do not yield to other agents, this remedy could be tried. Its action is to destroy or de...
-Pinkroot
Pinkroot is a drug which has been much used as a vermifuge, and is reasonably safe and reliable. In very large doses it has a narcotic effect, but this is altogether obviated by combining it with cath...
-Charcoal
Charcoal is an agent easily obtained, perfectly harmless, and of value not only as a vermifuge but as a preventive. The digestive organs of very young puppies are easily disordered, but few drugs can ...
-Taenia
The taenia or tape-worm is distinguished, as the names imply, by its ribbon like form. It is composed of numerous joints, each of which in the complete state is provided with male and female generativ...
-Chapter XIV. Diseases Of The Nervous System. Hydrophobia
The antiquity of hydrophobia is not precisely known. Aristotle is the first author to mention this malady, but his account of it is remarkably incorrect, if the text be not corrupted. He says, all an...
-Diseases Of The Nervous System. Hydrophobia. Part 2
Symptoms The wound from the bite of a rabid animal heals very readily, being but rarely accompanied by inflammation. The period of incubation, or development of the disease, is variously estimat...
-Diseases Of The Nervous System. Hydrophobia. Part 3. Paroxysms
Paroxysms are excited by teasing, the sight of other animals, or may occur without provocation. While they last the dog is possessed with unusual strength, often breaking his chain and freeing himself...
-Diseases Of The Nervous System. Hydrophobia. Paralysis Of The Muscles Of The Lower Jaw
Paralysis Of The Muscles Of The Lower Jaw is a characteristic symptom of this form of the malady, and manifests itself early in the attack. The jaw drops and the mouth remains constantly open. In rare...
-Diseases Of The Nervous System. Hydrophobia. Preventive Treatment
Immediately after the bite of an animal presumably rabid, the whole wound should be sucked, and as soon as possible thoroughly cauterized. If there are no abrasions on the lips or tongue, there can be...
-Diseases Of The Nervous System. Hydrophobia. Part 6
Nothing la more variable than the natural period of inonbation in this disease. One dog goes mad in four or six weeks, another in two or three months. By one method of inter-cranial inoculation, the p...
-Living Nature Of The Contagion And Inoculation Preventive Of The Hydrophobia
Nothing is conjectural now. The agent of the contagion is a living agent, already known for an important group of contagious diseases. This agent, this living element, we have been able to master, to...
-Convulsions
Convulsions and fits are terms used synonymously and signify a sudden seizure, loss of consciousness, Involuntary, spasmodic contractions of the muscles of the body, foaming at the mouth, followed by ...
-Vertigo
Vertigo or dizziness is an occasional symptom among dogs. If severe they fall suddenly, remain motionless for a few moments, and are again moving about as before. In mild cases they simply reel for a ...
-Apoplexy
The term apoplexy signifies a sudden, stroke or shock. It does not represent an individual disease, but is applied to sudden lethargy or profound stupor, occurring in different affections of the brain...
-Concussion Of The Brain
Concussion signifies sudden shock and interruption of the functions of the brain. The condition is rare among dogs, but may exist, caused by a blow or other mechanical injury to the head. Symptoms ...
-Hydrocephalus
This affection is occasionally seen among dogs in early life. The formation of tubercules on the membranes of the brain, is generally stated to be the exciting cause; the normal fluid contents become ...
-Compression Of The Brain
Compression of the brain is more often produced by either an effusion of blood, tumors, fracture of the skull with depression, or by the forma-tion of pus or serous fluid within the cranial cavity. ...
-Acute Meningitis
Acute inflammation of the membranes of the brain is an affection occasionally seen among dogs, and deserves especial consideration from the fact that there is presumptive evidence that many cases are ...
-Chronic Meningitis
Inflammation of the membranes of the brain may take on a sub-acute or chronic form. It is a disease which comes on insidiously, without characteristic symptoms, and its presence is usually for a long ...
-Chorea
Chorea or as it is more commonly called, St. Vitus' dance, is a spasmodic affection generally accepted as purely nervous. The causation is obscure. Worms have been assigned, but the evidence is ins...
-Neuralgia
Neuralgia is a disease of the nervous system manifesting itself by pains. Although its presence among dogs is rarely detected owing to the difficulties clearly apparent, it is presumed that the affect...
-Tetanus
Tetanus is a disease manifested by continuous muscular spasm or rigid-ity. In the majority of cases this affection is caused by a wound or local injury of some kind. Exposure to cold and intestinal di...
-Chapter XV. General Diseases. Distemper
Distemper is a fever originating through infection of the system with a certain peculiar poisonous matter, the nature of which is unknown. By some it is denominated the specific, catarrhal fever of th...
-General Diseases. Distemper. Part 2
Symptoms The period of incubation, or slow development after expo-sure to contagion and preceding the first symptoms of distemper, is from four to fourteen days; probably the latter is the limit in...
-General Diseases. Distemper. Part 3
Treatment Distemper is a disease which tends intrinsically to end after a certain time, and is therefore self limited. A fatal result is rarely due to the intensity of the disease; death is general...
-Diphtheria
While diphtheria is an affection which very rarely attacks dogs, the fact that it has been observed among them renders a brief description warrantable. It is a disease which invades especially the ...
-Rheumatism
Rheumatism not infrequently attacks dogs and manifests itself in much the same manner in them as in man. The disease may take on an acute or chronic form; the same morbid principle is supposed to give...
-Lumbago
This affection is a form of the so-called muscular rheumatism, and differs essentially from that disease which attacks the joints. The muscles of the loins are the seat of the disturbance, and the ani...
-Eruptive Fevers
Cases of small pox and measles occuring among dogs are on record, and the symptoms of the former malady are given at length by some authors. In the one reported case of measles it was stated: A dog ...
-Dropsy
Dropsy, a morbid serous transudation into any of the cavities, is never a primary affection but only a symptom, a sequel of many chronic diseases, particularly those of the liver. Dropsies are not to ...
-Anaemia
Anaemia, or poverty of the blood, is a morbid condition occasionally observed among dogs. The best illustration of the affection is afforded by profuse hemorrhages. The causes are obvious in some case...
-Plethora
In general terms the morbid effects of plethora are the reverse of those due to anaemia. The causes are overfeeding and insufficient exercise. Symptoms A plethoric animal has a full, bloated, co...
-Obesity
Dogs not infrequently become fattened to a morbid degree, and when-ever it exceeds the limits of health it may appropriately claim treatment. Insufficient exorcise, over-feeding, and an excess of sacc...
-Rickets
Rickets is a peculiar unhealthy condition of the whole body. This disorder is quite common among young dogs, and more especially the larger breeds. Causation Debilitated or rachitic sire or dam ...
-Scrofula
Scrofula is a constitutional and specific malady, involving the glandular system; a general debility, with a tendency to indolent inflammatory and ulcerative diseases. Its occurrence is not uncommon a...
-Marasmus
The meaning of the word marasmus is atrophy; wasting of the flesh; emaciation. It is properly a disease of the mesenteric glands and the follicles of the intestines; the latter inflame, adhere togethe...
-Chapter XVI. Surgical Affections. Wounds
A wound is a separation of continuous parts by violence. It is of practi. cal importance to consider four varieties: - incised, punctured, lacerated, contused. The incised wounds, made by clean-cut...
-Umbilical Hernia
Umbilical hernia is a rupture, or unnatural protrusion of the viscera at the navel. The affection is more common among puppies, but may appear at any period of life. When occurring in older dogs it is...
-Sprains
Sprains are of frequent occurrence among dogs, and often demand careful treatment. When severe they are attended with acute pain, heat, and swelling; with subsequent weakness and stiffness. When a lar...
-Burns And Scalds
Extensive burns are always serious even if but superficial. The severe pain is exhausting; the internal organs are liable to become affected, and the healing stage is long and debilitating. It is impo...
-Fractures And Dislocations
The subject of fractures and dislocations is one which could with propriety be omitted from this work; for to those only who have made the anatomy of the dog a study, and who are perfectly familiar wi...
-Chapter XVII. Sexual Generation. Ovulation
The function of generation is dependent upon the combined action ot two sets of organs, in each of which a peculiar product originates, qualified for union with the other so as to produce a new indivi...
-Oestruation
The ripening and discharge of the egg from the ovary are attended by a peculiar state of the entire system known as the rutting condition, or oestruation. The congestion and increased activity of th...
-A Selection From The List Of Books
PUBLISHED BY SAMPSON LOW, MARSTON, SEARLE, & RIVINGTON. Alphabetical List ABOUT Some Fellows. By an Eton Boy, Author of A Day of my Life. Cloth limp, square 16mo, 2s. 6d. Adams (C.K.) Manua...
-A Selection From The List Of Books. Part 2
Claude Lorrain.* Correggio, by M. E. Heaton, 2s. 6d. Delia Robbia and Cellini, 2s. 6d. Albrecht Durer, by R. F. Heath. Figure Painters of Holland. FraAngehco,Masaccio, and Botticelli. Fra Bartol...
-A Selection From The List Of Books. Part 3
---------See Rose Library. Carlyle (T) Irish fourney in 1849. Crown 8vo, 7s. 6d. Carnegie (A.) American Four-in-Hand in Britain, Small 4to, Illustrated, 10s. dd. Popular Edition, 1s. ------...
-A Selection From The List Of Books. Part 4
Etching. See Batley, Chattock, Etchings (Modern) of Celebrated Paintings. 4to, 31s. 6d. FARM Ballads, Festivals, and Legends. See Rose Library. Fashion (History of). See Challamel. Fawcet...
-A Selection From The List Of Books. Part 5
Guizot's History of France. Translated by Robert Black. Super-royal 8vo, very numerous Full-page and other Illustrations. In 8 vols., cloth extra, gilt, each 24s. This work is re-issued in cheaper ...
-A Selection From The List Of Books. Part 6
Hutchinson (Thos.) Diaiy and Letters. Demy 8vo, cloth, 16s. Hutchisson (W. H.) Pen and Pencil Sketches: Eighteen Years in Bengal. 8vo, 18s. Hygiene and Public Health. Edited by A. H. Buck, M.D I...
-A Selection From The List Of Books. Part 7
4. Through the Dark Continent. By H. M. Stanley. 12s. dd. 5. The Threshold of the Unknown Region. By C. R. Markham. (4th Edition, with Additional Chapters, 10s. 6d.) 6. Cruise of the Challenger....
-A Selection From The List Of Books. Part 8
Robin Hood; Merry Adventures of. Written and illustrated by Howard Pyle. Imperial 8vo, 15s. Robinson (Phil.) Chasing a Fortune, &c: Stories, 1s. 6d. and 1s. In my Indian Garden. Crown 8vo, limp...
-A Selection From The List Of Books. Part 9
________ Old Town Fireside Stories. Cloth extra, 3s. 6d. ---------Our Folks at Poganuc. 6s. ---------We and our Neighbours. Small post 8vo, 6s. ---------Poganuc People: their Loves and Lives....
-A Selection From The List Of Books. Part 10
---------Life of By R. A. Underwood. Cr. 8vo, cloth, 10s. 6d. Wild Flowers of Switzerland. Coloured Plates, life-size, and Botanical Descriptions of each Example. Imperial 4to, 63s. nett. Willia...









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