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The Book Of Dogs - An Intimate Study Of Mankind's Best Friend | by Ernest Harold Baynes, Louis Agassiz Fuertes



When the intellectual gulf began to widen, in the author's lancy, the man stood on one side and the rest of the animais on the other. The man looked upward at the sky, and all the other animals walked off, each about his own business. "All," did I say? All but one! The little dog sat on the very edge of the widening gulf, ears cocked, tail moving, and watching the man. Then he rose to his feet, trembling. "I want to go to him," he whined, and crouched as if to leap.

TitleThe Book Of Dogs - An Intimate Study Of Mankind's Best Friend
AuthorErnest Harold Baynes, Louis Agassiz Fuertes
PublisherThe National Geographic Society
Year1919
Copyright1919, The National Geographic Society
AmazonThe Book of Dogs: An Intimate Study of Mankind's Best Friend
The Book Of Dogs.The Book Of Dogs An Intimate Study Of Mankind s Be 2

Illustrated with 73 Natural Color Portraits from Original Paintings by Louis Agassiz Fuertes.

-Mankind's Best Friend. Companion Of His Solitude, Advance Guard In The Hunt, And Ally Of The Trenches
When the intellectual gulf began to widen, in the author's lancy, the man stood on one side and the rest of the animais on the other. The man looked upward at the sky, and all the other animals walked...
-The Beginnings Of The Friendship Between Dogs And Men
The dog is the oldest friend man has among the animals - very much the oldest. Compared with him the cat and the horse are new acquaintances. Probably we shall never know when the friendship began, bu...
-How The Dog's Respect For Man Grew
And somewhat later, when the dogs had learned to dodge the blows of the club, to snatch it out of the hands of the man, perhaps, we can believe that another great genius came along and proved that by ...
-Sharing Man's Comforts
When fire was invented or discovered, no doubt such dogs shared with man its comforts and its protection, and this may have strengthened their determination to throw in their lot with the mysterious b...
-The Ancestors Of Our Domestic Dog
Have you ever been to a dog show? I mean a big one like the Westminster Kennel Club show in New York, with 3,000 dogs on the benches and over a hundred different breeds represented? If you have, perha...
-The Dog Does Not Boast Of The Fox On His Family Tree
For a long time it was thought that foxes should be included among the ancestors of the dog. They are very dog-iike in general appearance and in many of their habits. I have had many American red f...
-Wolves, Jackals. Dingos, And Dogs Interbreed
On the other hand, wolves, jackals, and dingos cross freely with domestic dogs and the progeny is fertile. I have myself seen many crosses between American timber wolves and dogs. Some shown me by Sup...
-A Playful, Affectionate Coyote
He was very affectionate and would smile and wag his tail to express his joy at meeting us, and throw himself on his back as an invitation to us to caress him. He was playful, too, and given one end o...
-The Fidelity Of Romulus
My coyote, Romulus, was very destructive to poultry, and even to the wild deer, and I finally gave him to a zoological garden, where he died six years later, at the age of twelve. I made a point of...
-The Wild Dog Of Australia
The dingo is the wild dog of Australia and may have been one of the ancestors of our domestic breeds. There is still some doubt about this, however, as it is not quite certain whether the animal origi...
-Training The Dingo
On the Herbert River the natives find dingo puppies and bring them up with the children. A puppy is usually reared with great care; he is well fed on meat and fruit and often becomes an important memb...
-Historical Sketch
As we have noted, there is good evidence that men and dogs were associated in very remote times. Among the remains left by the ancient cave-dwellers, half-petrified bones, some human, some canine, are...
-The Dog Domesticated In Early Times
In most parts of the world the dog has been more or less domesticated from very early times, though it is not until we begin to study the records of such highly civilized peoples as the ancient Assyri...
-Worshiped By The Egyptians
But to the Egyptians dogs were much more than either assistants in the chase or household pets. They were objects of veneration and worship. They appear in the friezes of the temples and were regarded...
-Work Of Dogs In The War
It would not be fair to close this article without brief mention of the splendid work performed by dogs on the battlefields of Europe. From the very beginning of the war, dogs have had a paw in it....
-Our Common Dogs
THE dog is a species without known beginning, and of all man's dependent animals the most variable in size, form, coat, and color. Furthermore, no breed as we now know can be considered a species, as ...
-The Wolves And Coyotes
The timber, or gray, wolf, which undoubtedly lias an influence in the formation of the native Indian and Eskimo dugs of this country, formerly occupied practically all of the northern continent of Ame...
-Dingo
Several fine dingos have been kept in various zoological gardens in this country, those in Washington being especially typical and well conditioned. The dingo is the most doglike of any of the wild me...
-The Norwegian Elkhound
The Norwegian elkhound is one of the wolfy-looking dogs from which the shepherd dogs of middle Europe (see pp. 48 and 55) have been evolved, and is probably a more dependable dog than any of them, hav...
-Persian Gazellehound, Or Slughi
This ancient race is one of the most peculiar, most beautiful, and most puzzling of dogs. His graven image comes to us as one of the earliest of man's essays in art, and is so easily recognizable that...
-The Otterhound
It is said that every sizable stream in Great Britain has its otter. To hunt this elusive and wily animal, a very distinct type of dog has been evolved. The requirements of the hunt demand the keenest...
-The Greyhound
Developed originally for great speed in the pursuit of antelope, gazelles, and desert hares, the greyhound, though one of the most ancient, is also one of the most extreme types of dog known to man. ...
-Whippet
A small and very swift breed of greyhound called the whippet has been developed in England, and whippet racing is an old and favorite sport among English workingmen, particularly in the northern and n...
-Scottish Deerhound
There is something about the shaggy hunting dogs of Britain that makes a particular appeal to those who are attracted to dogs. It may be the touching contrast of their harsh coat and rugged body with ...
-Irish Wolfhound
While not so heavy as the St. Bernard, the Irish wolfhound is considerably taller, and easily outclasses all the other big dogs for size and bulk, reaching the extreme height at the shoulder of 36 inc...
-Borzoi, Or Russian Wolfhound
Those who proclaim the Russian wolfhound, or borzoi, the most wonderful dug in the world have strong grounds for their opinion. Of great size, a marvelous silky coat not long enough to hide his gracef...
-Great Dane
Mot quite so swift as the greyhound, deer-hound, or wolfhound, the great Dane is more powerful than any of them and fast enough to overtake must tilings that run. At his best he is a huge dog, built o...
-The Bloodhound
The bloodhound is a dog of only medium size and, in spite of his name and reputation, is gentle and affectionate. According to some authorities, these dogs were brought to England by William the Co...
-Foxhounds
The English foxhound for more than 300 years has been one of the principal factors in the great English sport of fox-hunting. Perhaps no other single sport has done so much to mold the national charac...
-The Beagle
The beagle is not over 15 inches high. He must not be bandy-legged like the dachshund, nor long and low in the body, these qualities being reserved for the basset. He should be an active, intelligent,...
-Basset
The basset, which is little known in this country, was imported into England from France between fifty and sixty years ago. It was a popular sporting dog in Germany and Russia also at that time. With ...
-The Pointer
So far we have spoken of dogs which when used for hunting purposes are usually supposed to catch and kill the game which they follow. We now come to a class of hunting dogs which are not expected to k...
-Dalmatian, Or Coach Dog
The Dalmatian was originally a pointer and in his native country was used for sporting purposes. But in England he was found to be very inferior to the native pointer, and, as he showed a marked fon...
-Setters
Setters have long but flat silky coats and plumed tails, and as a rule very gentle faces, full of expression. In olden times, when it was customary to net game, these dogs were taught to point the...
-Retriever
Many breeds of dogs have been trained to find and bring in game which has been shot, but retrievers, as their name implies, are bred specially for that purpose. English sportsmen had for some time bee...
-Chesapeake Retriever
This is an essentially American dog and has come to a high state of perfection along the eastern seaboard, and, as an introduced type, is much esteemed in the ducking marshes of the Northwest. His par...
-The Irish Water Spaniel
Identified more or less with the retrievers, because they perform similar duties, are the sporting spaniels, which, because they are divided into so many branches, constitute perhaps the largest dog f...
-Clumber Spaniel, Field Spaniel, And Cocker Spaniel
These rather closely related dogs may. like the setters, be considered each in relation to the others. The clumber is the largest, weighing up to ti.s pounds, though the average is probably about 5...
-Newfoundland
Two dogs which rival the Eskimo in their ability to endure deep snow and extreme cold are the St. Bernard and the Newfoundland, both of which have become famous as savers of life. Both are well-known ...
-Spitz
The wolf spitz of the mid-Victorian fancier is now seldom seen in this country; yet he is a very interesting dog, having much to do in the gradual evolution of many types popular Almost unaltered ex...
-Alaskan Eskimo Dogs
There is 110 set standard for Eskimo dogs, and nowada3's one must go very far into the Arctic to find the packs pure and uncontami-nated with the blood of the white man's dogs; for the best huskie is ...
-North Greenland Eskimo Dog
Polaris was chosen as our model of this type because he has been considered the most perfect North Greenland Eskimo dog known. He shows the light color so prevalent among the dogs of the extreme north...
-Siberian Reindeer Dog Or Samoyed
Due largely to the efforts of Mr. and Mrs. E. Kilburn Scott, of Kent, England, the fine and picturesque Samoyed has become well established and pretty generally known both in England and America. I...
-Chow-Chow Or Chow
Though there are two types of Chow in China, whence we got it, the smooth type has never been popular here nor in England, and may lie ignored in this connection. The rough or common Chow is a most at...
-St. Bernards
The St. Bernard won both his name and his fame in the Swiss Alps, where for many years the monks of the Hospice St. Bernard have used dogs to assist them in saving the lives of travelers lost in the s...
-Collie
There is little resemblance between the working collie of the Scottish sheep-herder and the elaborately furred, slender faced, bench-dog now so popular. The broad-skulled, rather neglected looking ...
-English Sheep-Dog
Rapidly gaining in popularity, the curious woolly sheep-dog has become thoroughly established in the United States; he has long been used as a practical helper in the great sheep ranges of western Ca...
-German Shepherd Dog, Or Police Dog
On the continent of Europe there are many kinds of dogs used for guarding sheep, but those best known in this country are the German and Belgian sheep-dogs. They have come into unusual prominence with...
-The Belgian Shepherd Dog
Many types of shepherd dogs have been developed in Europe, and doubtless a good many have just growed, like Topsy. But it is not likely that the Belgian dog is of the latter class, for in common wit...
-The Pyrenean Sheep-Dog
One of the most beautiful dogs in the world is the Pyrenean sheep-dog, but, alas! the breed is almost extinct. Technically speaking, this animated snowdrift is not a sheep-dog at all. but closely rela...
-The Mastiff
If the Pyrenean dog is one of the most beautiful dogs in the world, surely the English mastiff is one of the most famous. It is regarded as probably the oldest of all British dogs, and, as we have see...
-Bulldog
The English bulldog for hundreds of years and in almost every land has typified unflinching courage and unshakable determination. As the lion has been used to represent the majesty of Great Britain, s...
-The French Bulldog
The French bulldog, we are told, was originally a Spanish bulldog, a much larger animal formerly used in Spain for baiting bulls. But dogs of the original type found their way to France, where they we...
-The Terriers
The terriers, as their name suggests, go to the earth (la tare) for their prey - dogs primarily intended to unearth foxes, badgers, rabbits, rats, and other comparatively small animals which seek refu...
-Manchester, Or Black And Tan Terrier
This active, speedy little dog has had much influence in the formation of many of the present-day breeds. A generation ago the rat terrier. as he was commonly and very appropriately called, was a...
-Dobermann Pinscher
Perhaps the finest terrier with black-and-tan coloring is the Dobermann Pinscher, a sort of glorified Manchester terrier, which has been developed in Germany within the last 60 years. He is about t...
-Boston Terrier
The Boston terrier is an American-made animal, whose bull and terrier ancestors came from England between 40 and 50 years ago. Many of them settled in Boston, where they became so refined that in a fe...
-Fox Terrier
Among the best known of all dogs is that buoyant, irrepressible, and violently affectionate creature known as a fox terrier. Somehow he is always associated in many minds with sunshine and dancing, an...
-The Irish Terrier
The Irish terrier has well earned his nickname dare-devil, for he has few if any equals for sheer reckless courage. He is an interesting, loyal pal, and until he hears the call of duty, lie has a ...
-The Welsh Terrier
The Welsh terrier may best and most briefly be described as a wire-haired fox terrier colored in general like an Airedale. This does not of course cover the liner points, but gives a general impressio...
-Airedale Terrier
By far the most popular big terrier, in this country at least, is the Airedale, and for an all-around dog he would be very hard to beat. He is afraid of nothing that walks or crawls on land, and his g...
-Bedlington Terrier
The Bedlington terrier is a flog of very deceptive appearance, and this may account in some degree for the fact that he has never been very popular. Clad in a woolly cat and a smile that would have...
-Scottish Terrier
Of very different appearance, but with the same stout heart is the Scottish terrier, or Scottie, as he is familiarly called - a short-legged, stocky-bodied, wire-coated tyke, who looks like nothin...
-The West Highland White Terrier
The West Highland white is almost the counterpart of the Scottish terrier except in color, which must be pure white, with black nose. The forehead is higher, and a distinct stop is evident in the prof...
-The Skye Terrier
No doubt in his earlier days the Skye terrier was a good sport, but of late years he has given so much consideration to dress that he has degenerated into a lap-dog. His coat. which is his chief tit...
-The Yorkshire Terrier
The Yorkshire terrier (page 70). as a rule, is frankly exhibited as a toy. This breed, too, claims to have had sporting instincts, but today he is an artificial creature, and, so far from being useful...
-The Maltese Terrier
The Maltese terrier, which should be pure white, is said to be of very ancient lineage and to have been a favorite of the ladies of olden Rome. He is covered with long, straight, silky hair from head ...
-The Pomeranian
Toy dogs have been developed from larger breeds by selective breeding. They all serve one main purpose, and it is a good one - they bring joy and companionship to the thousands of people who own them....
-The Pekingese
This Oriental toy is of great antiquity, as is proved in the art and sculpture of ancient dynasties in China, He is a tiny, soft, cuddly, little creature, rather less exclusive in his friendships than...
-Japanese Spaniel
There are many kinds of toy spaniels, and in imperfect specimens it is sometimes difficult to know just where to place them. To add to the ease of confusion, fashion or caprice sometimes dictates new ...
-The King Charles Spaniel
This is one of the English toys, which name in tins country includes the King Charles (named after Charles II, with whom they were favorites), Prince Charles, or tricolor; Ruby, and Blenheim spaniels....
-The Brussels Griffon
The origin of the Brussels griffon is in doubt. Some authorities say that he really came from Brussels; others say that he originated in the coal mines of England. In any case, he is one of the funnie...
-The Dachshund
The dachshund, or badger dog, combines to a high degree the qualities of the hound and the terrier, and probably both of these were used in his development, but where he got his crumpled legs is less ...
-The Schipperke
The schipperke got his name from being so frequently seen on the canal barges of Belgium, where he makes a good watch and keeps down the rats. The word is pronounced skip-perkee and is the Flemish...
-Poodles
The poodle is admitted to be among the most intelligent of dogs, and why he should have been specially selected for the clown is hard to understand; but the fact remains that for hundreds of years it ...
-Mexican Hairless
Every kind of a dog, however bizarre or degenerate, can find a human friend somewhere, and this most unprepossessing product of our unfortunate neighbor to the south is no exception. For unpleasant to...
-Chihuahua
Probably no animal known to man has had so much nonsense and ignorant misconception written about it as this rather insignificant little Mexican product. Some writers have claimed for him part ancestr...
-The Pug
The pug was once a great favorite with those who like pet dogs, but he has long since been supplanted by other and more attractive breeds. Almost obsolete in America, at least, the pug is now most ...
-The Sagacity And Courage Of Dogs
Instances of the Remarkable Intelligence and Unselfish Devotion of Man's Best Friend Among Dumb Animals. OTHER papers in this number of the Geographic have pictured the outward dog. They have shown...
-The Delicacy Of A Dog's Nose
Of salt, man can perceive one part in 640 through his sense of taste; of quinine, one part in 152.000. Likewise, his optic nerve becomes conscious of a change of color when one part in 1,000,000 of me...
-Dogs That Overcome Primitive Passions
Another writer, along the same line, says: Consider the wonderful self-control of the pointer. If the savage tiger or the docile cow could be taught such perfect obedience, science would investigate ...
-Some Marvelous Tales
As before stated, the stories of exceptional intelligence in dogs are without number; but, alas, many of these seem to reflect the enthusiasm of the dog lover rather than the observations of the cold ...
-A Dog That Brought An Injured Pal To A Physician
Another story relates that a bulldog owned by a tavern-keeper followed his master to a surgeon's office and watched the latter set a broken arm for his master. After several weeks the surgeon heard a ...
-The Dog's Manifold Duties At The Battle Front
The stories of the devotion of dogs to their masters under the most trying conditions of the battle front form one of the epics of the great struggle. It is said that there were about ten thousand ...
-Dog Teams That Won The Croix De Guerre
One woman brought back to America a Croix de Guerre awarded by France to her intrepid teams of sled dogs. The occasion that won them that honor was their salvation of a stormbound, foe-pressed outpost...
-Famous Dog Actors
Dogs have long played an interesting role as actors on the stage. For instance, there is Teddy, seen in the Mack Sennett comedies. It is said among the players at the Sennett laboratories that Teddy n...
-Noted Globe-Trotting Dogs
Many dogs have developed a fondness for traveling, acknowledging as master for the moment any one who would help them on their way. An antipodean example of the traveling dog was Bob, whose stuffed fo...
-A Dog Under A Flag Of Truce
One might write a whole article on the dogs of famous men. George Washington maintained a pack of foxhounds at Mt. Vernon, and after the close of the war was constantly making reference to them and th...
-A Dog That Took Precedence Over Nine Kings
Everybody, of course, knows the story of the little wire-haired terrier that was the favorite of King Edward VII of Great Britain. On his collar was the inscription I am Caesar, and I belong to the K...
-Dog-Racing In The Far North
One of the principal sports of the Far North is dog-racing. The annual All-Alaska Dog Race is the classic sporting event of King Frost's dominions. A 412-mile run over snow and ice. from Nome to Candl...
-Sheep-Killers - The Pariahs Of Dogkind
NOT the vivid oratory of a Vest, nor the lovable brush of a Land-seer, nor yet the blazing eloquence of a Byron has served to overdraw the picture of the well-bred, well-trained dog. But those friends...
-A Hundred Thousand Sheep Killed Annually By Dogs
Alas! how many farmers who loved to have gentle-faced, soft-bleating sheep and gamboling lambs around the place have given a negative answer after trial and how many others have been deterred from she...
-Diseases Spread By Dogs
Dogs spread many diseases - most terrible of these being rabies. In a recent year 111 human beings in the United States died of hydrophobia. Tens of thousands of dogs suffering from this disease are k...
-A Model Law For Protection Of And Against Dogs
The United States Department of Agriculture has collected all of the clauses in all of the State laws that have proved their merit under the test of time and has formulated them into a model dog law. ...









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previous page: A History And Description Of The Modern Dogs Of Great Britain And Ireland. (Non-Sporting Division) | by Rawdon Briggs Lee
  
page up: Dog Books
  
next page: Toy Dogs And Their Ancestors | by Neville Lytton