Neuroptera: larvae of Ant-lion, Redtenbacher, Dk. Akad. Wien, xlviii. 1884; structure of mouth-parts, Dewitz, Berlin Entom. Zeitung, xxvi. 1882, p. 61. Sialidae: Corydalis, Haldeman and Leidy, Mem. Amer. Acad. iv. 1849; Saunders, Canad. Entom. vii. 1875; Riley, Rep. Ins. Mo. 1877; cf. Wood-Mason, P. Z. S. 1884; and Chauliodes, Riley, Canad. Entom. xi. 1879; nervous system, Krauss, Psyche, iv; Raphidia, Waterhouse, Trans. Entom. Soc. i. 1836. Hemerobiidae: Mantispa, Brauer, Verhandl. z. b. Ges. Wien, xix. 1869; Osmylus, Id. A. N. 17 (I), 1851; Hagen, Linnaea Entom. vii. 1852. Coniopteryx, Schlectendahl, J. B. Ver. Zwickau, 1882.

Trichoptera: Monograph. McLachlan, 1874-80, Suppl. 1884. Marine Caddis-worms, Id. J'. L. S. xvi. 1883; cf. Zool. Record, 1883, Insecta, p. 123. Cases of Brazilian sp., F. Mtiller, Z. W. Z. xxxv. 1881. Development, Patten, Q. J. M. xxiv. 1884.

Panorpatae: Fanorpa, Bittacus, Brauer, Verhandl. z. b. Ges. Wien, xiii. 1863, p. 307; xxi. 1.871, p. 106.

Lepidoptera, cf. pp. 151, 156, 161. Larvae of British Butterflies and Moths, Buckler, edd. by Stainton, Ray Soc. i. 1886. Abdominal somites of Caterpillar, Packard, Amer. Naturalist, xix. 1885; extra limbs in Caterpillar of Lagoa, Id. ibid.

Diptera, mouth parts, Hansen, Nat. Tidskrift (Schiodte), (3), xiv. 1883; Becher, Dk. Akad. Wien, xlv. 1882; of Musca, Kraepelin, Z. W. Z. xxxix. 1883. Larvae, Brauer, Dk. Akad. Wien, xlvii. 1883; chordotonal organs of, Bolles Lee, A. M. A. xxiii. 1884. Metamorphosis, Beling, A. N. 48 (1), 1882. Halteres, Bolles Lee, Recueil Zool. Suisse, ii. 1885.

Siphonaptera: Kraepelin, 'Pulicidae,' A. N. H. (5), xiv. 1884; Taschenberg, 'Die Flohe,' Halle, 1880. Lndex to species, Ritsema, Zeitschrift f. Ges. Natw. (Giebel), 53, 1880. Sarcopsylla, Schimkewitsch, Z. A. vii. 1884; A. N, H. (5), xv. 1885.

Coleoptera, larvae, Schiodte's papers in Nat. Tidskrift (3), i. 1861-xiii. 1883. Meloidae (anatomy), Beauregard, Journal de l'Anat. etc. xxi. 1885; xxii. 1886. See under Hypermetamorphosis, infra. Nervous System of Oryctes nasicornis, Michels, Z. W. Z. xxxiv. 1880.

Hymenoptera, British Phytophagous, Cameron, Ray Soc. 2 vols. 1881-4 (in progress). Ants, Bees, Wasps, Habits of Social Hymenoptera, Lubbock, Internat. Series, 50, 1882. Agricultural Ant of Texas, McCook, Philadelphia, 1879; Honey and Occident Ants, Id. 1882; Moggridge, 'Harvesting Ants,' etc. 1873; Suppl. 1874. See also Belt, 'Naturalist in Nicaragua,' 1874; Bates, 'Naturalist on the river Amazons,' 1863, i. p. 23; ii. pp. 95. 350. Sting of Ant, Dewitz, Z. W. Z. xxviii. 1877; cf. Id. op. cit. xxv.; of Bee, Kraepelin, Z. W. Z. xxiii. 1873: cf. Carlet, Bull. Soc. Entom. Fr. (6), iv. 1884; C. R. 99, 1884. O copulatory organs of Bombus, Radoszowsky, Bull. Mosc. lix. (I). Larval food and salivary glands oj Apis, Schiemenz, Z. W. Z. xxxviii. 1883 l.

Fossil Lnsecta, Zittel, Handbuch der Palaeontologie, Abth. i., Palaeozologie, ii. pt. 5, 1885: cf. Brauer, SB. Akad. Wien, xci. Abth. 1.

See lit. pp. 146, 151, 156, 161.

Glands opening externally, with lit., Dimmock, Psyche, iii. 1882. Sensory organs; integumental, Leydig, Z. A. ix. 1885; gustatory, Will, Z. W. Z. xlii. 1885; in Coleoptera, Gazaignaire, C. R. 102, 1886. Smell in Bees, Schiemenz, Z. W. Z. xxxviii. p. 126. Eye, Patten, Mitth. Zool. Stat. Naples, vi. 1886. Auditory organs: (I) vesicular, Grobben, SB. Akad. Wien, lxxii. Abth. I, 1875 j Graber, A. M. A. xvi. 1879; (2) chordotonal, Graber, A. M. A. xx. xxi. 1882; Lee, A. M. A. xxiii. 1884.

Midgut, Frenzel, A. M. A. xxvi. 1885.

Female genital armature, de Lacaze puthiers, A. Sc. N. (3), xii. 1849; xiv. 1850; xvii. xviiii. 1852; xix. 1853. Ovipositor of Locusta viridissima, Dewitz, Z. W. Z. xxv. 1875, p. 176.

Regeneration of lost parts, Newport, Ph. Tr. 134, 1844, p. 288.

Parthenogenesis: von Siebold, 'Beitrage,' etc. Leipzig, 1871; Id. 'True Parthenogenesis' (transl. by Dallas), London, 1857; Leuckart in Moleschott's Untersuchungen, Frankfort a. M. iv. 1858. Of Tenthredinidae, Cameron, Brit. Phytophagous Hymenoptera, Ray Soc. i. p. 25. Of Cynipidae, Adler, Z. W. Z. xxxv. 1881 (cf. A. N. H. (5), viii.) Of Gastropacha (Coleopteron), Osborne, Nature, xx. 1879; xxii. 1880. Of a Trichopteron, Id. op. cit. xxii. Of Chironomus Grimmii, Schneider, Zool. Beitrage, i. (3) 1885.

1 For the remarkable parasite Platypsylla, found on the Canadian Beaver, which is perhaps a Coleopteron, see Westwood, Thesaurus Entom. Oxon., Clarendon Press, 1874, p. 194, PI. XXXVII. I and 2; Leconte, P. Z. S. 1872. And for the parasitic Rhynchote Polyctenidae found on a Bat (Molossus), see Westwood, op. cit. p. 197, Pis. XXXVIII-XL.

Occasional parthenogenesis, cf. Gerstaecker, Bronn's Klass. und Ordn. des Thierreichs, v. Abth. i. p. 164.

Paedogenesis of Ceccidomyidae, Wagner, Z. W. Z. xiii. 1863; Meinert (transl. by von Siebold), Pagenstecher, Z. W. Z. xiv. 1864; Ganin, Z. W. Z. xv. 1865; Leuckart, A. N. 3I (I), 1865 (cf. A. N. H. (3), xvii.); Mecznikow, Z. W. Z. xvi. 1866, p. 407; Schneider, Zool. Beitrage, i. (3), 1885, p. 272.

Hyper-metamorphosis: of Mantispa, Brauer, Verhandl. z. b. Ges. Wien, xix. 1869: of Meloidae, Riley, Amer. Naturalist, xii. 1878; cf. xvii. pt. 2, 1883, p. 790; Lichtenstein, A. N. H. (5), i. 1878; iv. 1879; Beauregard, A. N. H. (5), xvi. 1885; Id. C. R. 101, 1885; Newport, Tr. L. S. xx. 1851; Fabre, A. Sc. N. (4), vii. 1857.

Phosphorescence: Luciola, Emery, Z. W. Z. xl. 1884; Id. Arch. Ital. Biol. vii. 1886; of Cucuyo (JElateridae) Heinemann, A. M. A. xxvii. 1886. Lampyridae, Wielowicjski, 'Studien,' etc. Z. W. Z. xxxvii. 1882. Non-luminosity of Fulgoridae, Champion, Proc. Entom. Soc. 1883, pp. xx. xxi.

Dimorphism: Seasonal, Weismann, 'Studies in Theory of Descent' (transl. by Meldola), London, 1880-82; Scudder, 'Butterflies,' New York, 1881: Sexual, Wallace, 'Contributions to Natural Selection,' London, 1870, p. 130; Mansel Weale and Trimen, Trans. Entom. Soc. 1874 (specimens in Hope Collection, Oxford Museum); Trimen, ibid. 1881.

Mimicry: Bates, 'Lepidoptera of Amazons,' Tr. L. S. xxiii. 1862; Trimen, 'African Butterflies,' ibid. xxvi. 1870; Wallace, op. cit. supra, p. 45; F. Miiller 'On ItunaJ Trans. Entom. Soc. 1879, p. xx.

Variation induced by Isolation, Weismann, 'Einfluss der Isolirung auf die Art-bildung,' Leipzig, 1872.

Insects in relation to Flowers, Darwin, 'Insectivorous Plants,' London, 1875; Geddes, under same title, Encyclopaedia Britannica (ed. ix.), xiii. 1881; Kerner, 'Flowers and their Unbidden Guests' (transl.), London, 1878; H. Miiller, 'Fertilisation of Flowers' (transl.), London, 1883.

Genealogy of Insects, cf. lit. p. 162.