Bill shorter than the middle toe, very strong and broad at the base, much hooked; the crossing point of the lower mandible not reaching so high as the ridge of the upper.

L. Pytiopsittacus, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. I. p. 325. Parrot Cross-Bill, Selb. Illust. vol. I. p. 332. pl. 53**. f. 1. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. I. p. 157.

Dimensions

Entire length seven inches. Temm.

Description

(Adult male). All the upper and under parts of the body olive-ash: cheeks, throat, and sides of the neck, cinereous: head spotted with brown: rump greenish yellow; breast and belly the same, tinged with gray; sides streaked with dusky: quills and tail-feathers dusky brown, edged with olive-ash: bill dusky horn-colour: irides, and feet, brown. (Male after the first moult). Upper and under parts bright red: wings and tail blackish brown; the quills edged with reddish. (Female). "Upper parts greenish ash, with large spots of cinereous brown: throat and neck grayish, tinged with brown; rest of the under parts cinereous, slightly tinged with greenish yellow: rump yellowish: abdomen whitish; under tail-coverts spotted with brown." Temm. The young of the year very much resemble the female. (Egg). Similar to that of the last species.

This species, which inhabits the northern parts of Europe and America, has been occasionally met with in this country, but is much more rare than the last. Habits similar. Breeds, according to Temminck, in some climates, during the Winter; in others, in May. Eggs four or live in number.