Bill longer than the middle toe: wings with two broad transverse white bars.
L. leucoptera, Bonap. Amer. Orn. vol. n. pl. 15. f. 3. (Female). Faun. Bor. Am. vol. II. p. 263. L. falcirostra, Lath. Ind. Orn. p. 371. White-winged Cross-bill, Lath. Syn. vol. II. p. 108. Wilson, Amer. Orn. vol. iv. pl. 31. f. 3.
Entire length six inches three lines: length of the bill (from the forehead) seven lines, (from the gape) seven lines and a half; of the tarsus seven lines and a half; of the tail two inches seven lines; of the wing three inches six lines. Faun. Bor. Am.
(Immature male). Head, nape, back, rump, and all the under parts, crimson-red, partially spotted with dusky: wings and tail black, the former with two broad, white, transverse bars: region of the bill brown. "As the bird acquires its mature plumage, the red parts change to greenish yellow, the rump assuming a purer yellow. The female and young, before their first moult, are greenish, with yellowish rumps; their bellies whitish, streaked with blackish brown." Faun. Bor. Am. (Egg). White, marked with yellowish spots.
A native of North America, but has been killed in Ireland, in one instance, within two miles of Belfast. Partial to thick forests of white spruce, feeding on the seeds of the cones. Nest generally fixed about half way up a pine-tree, composed of grass, mud, and feathers. Eggs five in number.