Cinereous; sides of the neck glossed with green and purple; wing-coverts spotted with black.
C. migratoria, Temm. Pig. et Gall. torn. I. p. 346. Passenger Pigeon, Lath. Syn. vol. II. p. 661. (Male). Canada Turtle, Id. vol. ii. p. 658. (Female). Pass. Pig., Wilson, Amer. Orn. vol. v. p. 102. pl. 44. f. 1.
Entire length sixteen inches nine lines and a half: length of the bill one inch; of the tarsus one inch one line and a half: breadth, wings extended, twenty-four inches six lines. Flem.
"Chin, cheeks, head, back, and rump, bluish gray; shoulders with a tinge of yellowish brown: side of the neck, and behind, rich reddish purple, iridescent: fore-neck deep chestnut, becoming paler on the breast, or rather salmon-coloured, and passing to white on the belly and vent: thighs like the breast: quills brownish black, the gray colour of the margin of the outer web increasing at the base of the secondaries, and towards the ends of the inner ones: bastard wing, and greater coverts of the primaries, brownish black; greater coverts of the secondaries gray: lesser coverts and outer scapulars tinged with yellowish brown, with black spots: tail of twelve feathers, the two middle ones l2 produced, the rest decreasing to the exterior: the two middle ones dusky black, the next gray, the inner margin white towards the extremity, with a black and brown spot near the base; the fourth and third gray, with the black spot; the second gray, with the black and brown spot; the outer web and tip of the first white, lower half of the inner web gray, with a black and brown spot: upper tail-coverts long, produced; lower ones white: bill black: bare space round the eyes livid: irides reddish orange: feet reddish, paler behind than before; claws black." Flem. The female, according to Wilson, is somewhat smaller, with the colours in general less vivid and more tinged with brown: the gold spot on the sides of the neck smaller, and less brilliant.
A native of North America. The only individual which has hitherto occurred in this country is recorded by Dr Fleming (Brit. An. p. 145). to have been " shot in the neighbourhood of a pigeon-house at Westhall, in the parish of Monymeal, Fifeshire, Dec. 31, 1825. The feathers were quite fresh and entire, like those of a wild bird".