Head and neck bluish green, the latter encircled by a white collar; a line of white over each eye; lower part of the neck and breast copper-red, the feathers deeply divided by a black line.

P. torquatus, Temm. Pig. et Gall. torn. 11. p. 326. and torn. III. p. 670. Ring Pheasant, Leach, Zool. Misc. vol. II. p. 14. pl. 66. Shaw, Gen. Zool. vol.xi. p. 228.

Dimensions

Rather less than those of the last species.

Description

(Male). Head and upper part of the neck deep green, with a tinge of violet blue; below this colour, a collar of pure white, broadest on the sides of the neck, narrow behind, entirely interrupted in front: over each eye a narrow white line, not always present: plumage on the upper part of the back, between the shoulders, of a paler colour than in the P. Colchicus, approaching to orange-yellow, the feathers of a more pointed form, and deeply divided by a blackish blue line; all the lower portion of the back varied with different shades of green, passing off at the sides into bluish ash; saddle-hackle feathers pale rust-colour; upper tail-coverts the same, passing into greenish yellow; feathers on the fore part of the neck below the white collar, and those on the breast, of a fine bright copper-red, with a much narrower edging of black than in the last species, but deeply indented at the tip by a lanceolate black line: wings and tail paler than in the Common Pheasant. (Female). General colour similar to that of the female of C. Colchicus; breast not so much spotted; transverse bars on the tail more distinctly marked. (Egg). Bluish green, with small spots of a darker tint. Temm.

A native of China, from whence it has been introduced into England, and naturalized in many parts of the country. In consequence, however, of its breeding freely with the Common Pheasant*, it has become so intermixed with that species, as very rarely to occur at present exhibiting the pure plumage which characterizes it in its wild state. The above description of the cock bird was taken from a fine specimen in the possession of Mr Leadbeater.

* (14). Bohemian Pheasant.

This name is employed in many parts of England to distinguish a species or variety of the Pheasant, which is met with in several preserves, but which does not appear to have received the notice of ornithologists. The head and neck are coloured much the same as in the P. colchicus, but all the rest of the plumage is of a uniform pale brownish yellow, the feathers being edged with black, and indented at the tips, as in the species last described: tail rather darker than the body, but paler than in the common Pheasant. The history of this peculiar breed, together with the origin of its name, does not appear to be well ascertained.

* This does not happen in its native country, where both species are equally plentiful, but, according to Temminck, keep perfectly separate.