Upper parts reddish ash: throat and cheeks white; bounded by a collar of black, expanding on the breast, and spotted with white.
P. rubra, Temm. Man. d'Orn. tom.n. p.485. Id. Pig.et Gall. torn. III. pp.361, and 726. Guernsey Partridge, Mont. Orn. Diet. Lewin, Brit. Birds, vol.iv. pl. 137. Red-legged Partridge, Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. I. p. 345.
Entire length thirteen inches six lines: length of the bill (from the forehead) eight lines, (from the gape) eleven lines; of the tarsus one inch seven lines; of the tail four inches one line; from the carpus to the end of the wing six inches six lines: breadth, wings extended, twenty inches ten lines.
Forehead cinereous; crown and occiput reddish brown; throat, cheeks, and a broad band above the eyes reaching nearly to the nape, white; the white space on the throat bounded by a black collar, which spreads itself out on the upper part of the breast and sides of the neck, in the form of black spots on a light reddish ground; intermixed with the black spots are a few white ones; lower part of the breast bluish ash; belly and abdomen rust-red; feathers on the sides cinereous, each with two transverse bars across the middle, the first white and the second black, beyond which last is a large semilunar rust-coloured spot, occupying the tip: all the upper parts of the body reddish ash: quills grayish brown, with the outer webs ochre-yellow: the four middle tail-feathers like the back; the others rust-colour: orbits, bill, and feet, bright red. In the female the colours are paler, but in other respects similar to those of the male. (Egg). Reddish yellow white, spotted and speckled with reddish brown: long. diam. one inch seven lines and a half; trans, diam. one inch three lines.
A native of France, Italy, and the Islands of Guernsey and Jersey, from whence it has been imported into England, and naturalized in some parts of the country*. Is very common in Suffolk, frequenting waste heaths and extensive barren lands, more than cornfields. Occasionally met with in other counties. On the Continent, is said to lay from fifteen to eighteen eggs.
* (2. Ortyx, Steph).