Body above brownish chestnut, variegated with black and rufous; beneath whitish, with transverse undulating black lines: throat, and a broad band above the eye, white.
Tetrao Virginianus, Wils. Amer. Orn. vol. vi. p. 21. pl. 47. f. 2. Perdix borealis, Temm. Pig. et Gall. torn.in. pp. 436, and 735. Virginia and Maryland Partridge, Lath. Syn. vol. II. pp. 777, and 778. Northern Colin, Shaw, Gen. Zool. vol. xi. p. 377.
Entire length nine inches: length of the bill six lines and a half; of the tarsus one inch three lines.
(Male). Forehead black; a broad white band above the eye, reaching to the nape, above which is another narrow one of black; throat white, bounded by a black collar, which expands over the front and sides of the neck in the form of black spots, mixed with others white and red: crown of the head chestnut-red, spotted with black; upper part of the body brownish chestnut; the edges of the feathers cinereous, with fine black streaks; in the middle of the back some large black spots edged with rufous: scapulars and greater wing-coverts spotted with black and red on their inner webs, with cinereous and red on their outer; lesser coverts red with fine undulating black lines: breast reddish white, with transverse black lines; belly pure white, with black lines of a semicircular form; feathers on the sides rufous, with an edging of white spots surrounded with black; under tail-coverts red, spotted with black; tail bluish ash; the middle feathers rufous towards their extremities, and marked with brown undulating lines: bill black, reddish at the base: feet brownish red. (Female). Throat, and band above the eyes, pale red, the latter without the black streak above; the red on the throat surrounded by spots of black, brown, and white: nape, and upper part of the head, spotted with red: feathers on the back more deeply edged with cinereous; rest of the upper parts paler than in the male bird: breast bright red, with two little white spots towards the extremity of each feather: tail bluish ash, with fine undulating lines of brown and whitish towards the tips of all the feathers: bill with more red at the base than in the male. The young of the year very much resemble the adult female, but the transverse undulating lines on the back and tail-feathers are more numerous. (Egg). White: of a pointed form: long. diam. one inch two lines and a half; trans, diam. one inch.
* Pulteney observes that this species has been killed near Weymouth in Dorsetshire, and suggests the probability of its sometimes reaching this country from the Islands of Jersey and Guernsey. If this be ever the case, which is rather doubtful, it has a claim to be considered as one of our native species.
A native of North America, from whence it has been recently introduced into this country. Is now naturalized in Suffolk. Said to frequent woody situations, and to perch in trees. Lays from twenty to twenty-five eggs, and has two broods in the year.