S. Galeus, Linn. Syst. Nat. torn. i. p. 399. Bloch, Ichth. pl. 118. Turt. Brit. Faun. p. 112. Blainv. Faun. Frang. p. 85. Canis Galeus, Will. Hist. Pise. p. 51. tab. B. 6. f. 1. Galeus vulgaris, Flem. Brit. An. p. 165. Tope, Penn. Brit. Zool. vol. iii. p. ill. Id. (Edit. 1812). vol. in. p. 146. but not pl. 18. Le Milandre, . Cuv. Reg. An. torn. ii. p. 389.

Length

From three to five feet.

Description

(Form). Body fusiform, elongated: head moderately large, depressed, behind the eyes broad, but narrowing anteriorly; snout produced, of a somewhat triangular form, very much flattened, and in front of the nostrils somewhat pellucid: nostrils beneath, nearly midway between the mouth and the extremity of the snout, partly covered by a small membranous flap: mouth wide: jaws moderately bent: teeth small, sharp-pointed, of a triangular form, with some smaller denticulations on the outer edge only; in several rows, and nearly similar above and below: eyes about half-way between the end of the snout and the first branchial opening; behind each a small temporal orifice: branchial openings five in number, rather small, near together; the first four of nearly equal size; the fifth smaller, and placed immediately above the base of the pectoral: skin moderately rough from tail to head, but smooth in the opposite direction: two dorsals: the first not very large, commencing at exactly one-third of the entire length; its height and length about equal; of a triangular form, but with a projecting point at its posterior extremity directed towards the tail: second dorsal just half-way between the first and the extremity of the tail; of a similar form, but smaller: anal present, resembling the second dorsal; nearly opposite to that fin, but placed a little backwarder: caudal with a large projecting lobe on its lower margin; the upper lobe terminal, and obliquely truncated at its extremity: pectorals moderate, approaching triangular, the distance from their insertion to the end of the snout considerably more than equal to their length: ventrals exactly in the middle of the entire length, and answering to the middle of the space between the two dorsals; only half the size of the pectorals, and obliquely truncated at their extremities. {Colours). Of a uniform deep slate-gray above; yellowish white beneath. Common in the Mediterranean, but apparently of not very frequent occurrence in the British seas. Willughby speaks of its being met with on the Cornish coast, where it has been since observed by Mr. Couch. Pennant's specimen was taken on the coast of Flintshire, and weighed twenty-seven pounds, its length being five feet. Dr. Johnston has procured it on the coast of Berwickshire*. The individual described above was obtained, with others, at Weymouth, by Professor Henslow. According to Bloch, it sometimes attains to the weight of one hundred pounds. It is stated by this same author, that it usually lives in society, and in deep water.

(5. MUSTELUS, CUV).