Bill straight, a little longer than the head, very much dilated at the tip: tail even at the extremity: a small part of the tibia naked.
T. cinerea, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. II. p. 627. Knot and Ash-- coloured Sandpiper, Mont. Orn. Diet, & Supp. Knot, Selb. Illust. vol. ii. p. 138. pl. 27. f. 2, 3, & 4.
Entire length ten inches: length of the bill (from the forehead) one inch four lines; of the tarsus one inch two lines; of the tail two inches six lines; from the carpus to the end of the wing six inches three lines.
(Winter plumage). Crown of the head, hind part of the neck, back, and scapulars, light ash-gray, with the shafts of the feathers darker; wing-coverts the same, but tipped with white, forming a transverse bar: from the bill to the eye a dusky streak; over the eye a white one; forehead, throat, and all the under parts, white; sides and front of the neck longitudinally streaked with brown; breast and flanks with transverse bars of cinereous brown: rump and upper tail-coverts white, with transverse crescent-shaped black bars: tail-feathers cinereous,edged with white: bill and legs blackish gray: irides hazel. (Summerplumage). Throat, eye-streak, sides and fore part of the neck, breast, belly, and Hanks, ferruginous brown: crown of the head, and nape, ferruginous, with small longitudinal black streaks; back and scapulars deep black, all the feathers edged with bright ferruginous; on the scapulars some large spots of the same colour: abdomen white, mixed with ferruginous: upper tail-coverts white, barred with black and spotted with ferruginous: tail dusky ash, the feathers edged with whitish. (Young of the year, before the first moult). Crown of the head, and nape, ash-gray, with large brown spots longitudinally disposed; back and scapulars deep cinereous gray, all the feathers with a double edging of black and yellowish white, the latter colour being outermost: a brown streak between the bill and the eye; breast with a faint tinge of reddish gray: bill greenish gray: legs greenish yellow: in other respects like the adult in winter. (Egg). Pale yellowish olive, blotched and spotted with two shades of dark red brown: long. diam. one inch eight lines; trans, diam. one inch one line and a half.
A winter visitant, arriving in September and departing in April. Frequents the coast in large flocks; and, during certain parts of the year, inland fens and marshy districts. Retires northward to breed. Said to lay four eggs on a tuft of withered grass. Food, worms, marine insects, and small bivalve mollusca.