Crown, occiput, and list on the nape, dark brown; a white stripe from the eye down each side of the neck: speculum grayish green.
A. Querquedula, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. ii. p. 844. Garganey, Mont. Orn. Diet, & Supp. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. ii. p. 372. Garganey Teal, Selb. Illust. vol. ii. p. 318. pl. 53. (Trachea,) Linn. Trans, vol. iv. pl. 13. f. 2, & 3.
Entire length sixteen inches six lines.
(Male). Crown, occiput, and a list down the back part of the neck, dark umber-brown; throat black; over each eye a band of pure white, prolonged down the sides of the neck; cheeks, and upper part of the neck, chestnut-brown, with fine longitudinal streaks of white; lower part of the neck, and breast, pale yellowish brown, beautifully marked with crescent-shaped black bars: back grayish black, the feathers edged with ash-colour and yellowish brown; scapulars long and narrow, black, with a broad central white streak; wing-coverts bluish ash: speculum grayish green, bordered above and below by a white bar: belly white; flanks marked with transverse undulating black lines: vent, upper and under tail-coverts, yellowish white, spotted with black: tail dusky gray, the edges of the feathers lighter: irides light hazel: bill and legs blackish gray. (Female). Smaller: throat white: head, neck, and upper parts of the body, brown, approaching to dusky, the feathers with pale whitish edges: the streak behind the eye very faint and ill-defined: lower part of the breast, and belly, white; flanks and abdomen spotted with brown: wing-coverts dark ash-gray; speculum dnll, the green tinge almost wanting. The young males resemble the females: as they advance to maturity, the plumage assumes a mixed character. (Egg). Buff-colour: long. diam. one inch nine lines; trans, diam. one inch three lines.
Met with in small numbers principally during the winter and spring months, and probably remains to breed in some parts of the country, but this last point does not appear to have been fully ascertained. Frequents marshes and the reedy banks of rivers. Nest placed on the ground in situations of the above nature. Eggs ten or twelve. Food, slugs, insects, seeds, and aquatic plants.