Head, neck, crest, and upper parts, black, with glossy reflections; belly, flanks, and speculum on the wing, white: bill and legs bluish gray.

Anas Fuligula, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. ii. p. 873. Tufted Duck, Mont. Orn. Diet. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. ii. p. 370. Tufted Pochard, Selb. Illust. vol. ii. p. 357. pl. 65.

Dimensions

Entire length seventeen inches: length of the bill (from the forehead) one inch seven lines, (from the gape) one inch nine lines and a half; of the tarsus one inch four lines and a half; of the tail two inches four lines; from the carpus to the end of the wing eight inches two lines: breadth, wings extended, twenty-eight inches two lines.

Description

(Male). Head, neck, breast, and a pendent crest of elongated feathers on the occiput, black, with green and purple reflections: hack, wings, and rump, brownish black, slightly glossed with green, and finely powdered with grayish white: belly, flanks, and a transverse bar on the wings, pure white; vent black: bill pale bluish gray; the nail black: irides gamboge-yellow: legs bluish gray; the membranes dusky. (Female). Smaller than the male; the crest shorter, and of not so bright a colour: head, neck, breast, and upper part of the back, dull black, clouded with deep brown; back and wings dull blackish brown, speckled with grayish brown; breast and flanks with large spots of reddish brown; belly whitish, tinged with reddish brown: speculum smaller than in the male: bill and legs of a deeper colour: irides pale yellow. (Young of the year of both sexes). "No indication of a crest: a large whitish spot on the sides of the bill; some white also on the forehead and occasionally behind the eyes: head, neck, and breast, dull brown, this last variegated with reddish brown: back and wings dusky brown, the feathers edged with paler brown: flanks reddish brown: the bar on the wings small and whitish: abdomen variegated with brown and ash-colour: irides dirty yellow. Young males have the belly of a purer white than young females. After the first moult, the white at the base of the bill disappears; the crest begins to shew itself; and the plumage becomes deeper coloured." Temm. (Egg). Greenish white, spotted with light brown: long. diam. two inches one line; trans, diam. one inch five lines.

* Sow. Brit. Misc. pl. 62.

Like the last species, a winter visitant. Met with on the coast, and also not unfrequently on fresh waters. Said to breed within the Arctic Circle. Food, similar to that of the preceding.