Bill of the length of the head, black, towards the base yellow; distance from the nostrils to the tip thirteen or fourteen lines: no ruff; occipital crest very short.
P. rubricollis, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. ii. p. 720. Red-necked Grebe, Mont. Orn. Diet. § Supp. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. ii. p. 161. Selb. Illust. vol. ii. p. 392. pl. 72.
Entire length seventeen inches six lines: length of the bill (from the forehead) one inch nine lines, (from the gape) two inches two lines; of the tarsus two inches two lines; from the carpus to the end of the wing seven inches two lines: breadth, wings extended, twenty-nine inches three lines.
(Adult). Forehead, crown, and occipital tuft, blackish brown: cheeks and throat ash-gray: back part of the neck, and all the upper parts of the body, deep blackish gray: front of the neck, sides and upper part of the breast, bright orange-brown; rest of the under parts white; flanks and thighs with a few dusky streaks: lower half of the secondary quills white: bill black, with the base of both mandibles bright gamboge-yellow: irides reddish brown: legs externally black; internally yellowish green. (Young, at the age of two years). Throat and cheeks white: forehead, crown, and rest of the upper parts, dusky brown, without any elongated feathers on the occiput: sides of the neck, and upper part of the breast, pale reddish, mixed with dusky and brown; rest of the under parts white, faintly spotted with dusky on the flanks and towards the vent: base of the bill livid yellow. (Egg). Dirty white: long. diam. one inch ten lines; trans, diam. one inch four lines.
Of rare occurrence in this country, particularly in the adult state. Abundant in the eastern parts of Europe. Frequents rivers and lakes, and also the sea-coast. Food, small fish, aquatic insects and vegetables. Nest said to resemble that of the last species. Eggs three or four in number.