Rose-colour, with silvery reflections: a golden crescent between the eyes, but no lateral spot.
S. Erythrinus, Bloch, Ichth. pl. 274. Shaw, Nat. Misc. vol. xx. pl. 834. Pagellus Erythrinus, Cuv. et Vol. Poiss. torn. vi. p. 126. pl. 150. Erythrinus Rondeletii, Will. Hist. Pise. p. 311. tab. V. 6. Le Pagel commun, Cuv. Beg. An. torn. ii. p. 183. Spanish Bream, Couch in Loud. Mag. of Nat. Hist. vol. v. p. 17. Yarr. Brit. Fish. vol. i. p. 104.
(Form). Body oval, elongated, moderately compressed, a little contracted towards the tail: depth to the right of the pectorals one-third of the length: nape elevated; profile descending in a straight line, a little obliquely, towards the snout: eyes large and round, placed halfway between the end of the snout and the shoulder: infra-orbitals large: preopercle also large, covering nearly the whole cheek; the ascending margin rectilineal and nearly vertical: mouth scarcely protractile: lower jaw a little the longest: both jaws with fine card-like teeth at their extremities, the outer row rather the strongest; nine or ten on each side; molars behind small, in two or more rows, more numerous in the adult than in the young: pharyngeans strong and hooked: lateral line strongly marked; its course straight to the end of the dorsal, then turning in and terminating at the caudal, passing a little above the middle of the tail: z2 number of scales in a longitudinal line nearly sixty; in the depth twenty-one: dorsal with the fourth spinous ray longest, equalling nearly one-third of the depth beneath; the succeeding ones gradually decreasing; soft rays a little longer than the last of the spinous: anal answering to the soft portion of the dorsal; the spinous rays stronger than those in that fin: caudal deeply forked; the two lobes equal, covered for half their length with small scales: pectorals narrow, contained three times and a half in the length of the body: ventrals triangular, rather large, a little behind the pectorals:
D. 12/10; A. 3/8; C. 17; P. 15; V. 1/5.
Number of vertebrae twenty-four. (Colours). Fine carmine-red, passing into rose-red on the sides; belly with silvery reflections: fins rose-red; the anal and ventrals palest. Cuv.
Observed by Mr. Couch in two or three instances off the coast of Cornwall, and said to be known to the fishermen there by the name of Spanish Bream. Not mentioned by any other writer on British Zoology; though, according to Mr. Yarrell, it appears to have been met with at Teignmouth by the late Mr. Walcott. Common in the Mediterranean. Stated by Cuvier to keep in small shoals, and to feed on fish and conchiferous mollusca. Is always smaller than the next species.