Dorsal notched in the middle; not continuous with the caudal.
B. Pholis, Linn. Syst. Nat. torn. i. p. 443. Block, Ichth. pl. 71. f. 2. Don. Brit. Fish. vol. iv. pl. 79. Alauda non cristata, Will. Hist. Pise. p. 133. c. xxi. tab. H. 6. f. 2. Pholis laevis, Flem. Brit. An. p. 207. Smooth Blenny, Penn. Brit. Zool. vol. iii. p. 208. pl. 36. Id. (Edit. 1812). vol. iii. p. 280. pl. 40. Shanny, or Smooth Shan, Yarr. Brit. Fish. vol. i. p. 230. Baveuse commune, Cuv. Beg. An. torn. ii. p. 238.
From four to five inches.
(Form). Thicker anteriorly than the B. Gattorugine; the head less compressed; the body not quite so deep: depth, contained a little more than four times in the whole length, caudal excluded: thickness two-thirds of the depth: snout short and obtuse; profile almost vertical: teeth crowded, with one or two longer than the others, and hooked, at the end of each series above and below: eyes smaller, and not so high on the cheeks as in B. Gattorugine; the space between wider, with only a very slight longitudinal depression: no appendages on the head of any kind, or transverse sulcus on the nape, which last part is rather convex: lateral line similar, taking a sweep over the pectorals: dorsal commencing at a greater distance from the end of the snout by one-fourth, and terminating a little before it reaches the caudal; first ray a little shorter than the second; fifth, sixth, and seventh, slightly the longest, equalling not quite half the depth; eighth and following ones decreasing to the twelfth, which is the shortest in the whole fin, and only half the length of the thirteenth, or first of the articulated rays; rest of the fin nearly even: anal answering to the posterior portion of the dorsal, but terminating a little sooner, leaving a larger space between it and the caudal: pectorals rather more rounded than in the B. Gattorugine, the middle rays being not so much elongated: ventrals rather shorter, of only two rays, the inner one longest:
B. 6; D. 12/19; A. 20; C. 11, and 4 short; P. 13; V. 2.
(Colours). Marbled and variegated with dusky and olive-brown, occasionally more or less spotted with white: rays of the anal always tipped with this last colour.
The most common species in the genus. Found on many parts of the coast, lurking beneath stones and sea-weed near low-water mark. Is tenacious of life, and will live for some time out of the water. Said to feed on small Crustacea and marine worms. Spawns in Summer.
(2. Gunnellus, Flem).