Horns branched; compressed; palmated at the top, diverging.
C. Dama, Desm. Mammal, p. 438. Flem. Brit. An. p. 26. Fallow Deer, Petin. Brit. Zool. vol. i. p. 41. Shaw, Gen. Zool. vol. II. p. 282. pi. 178-9.
Length of the body about five feet; of the tail seven inches five lines: height about two feet ten inches.
Body much smaller than in the last species; tawny brown, with the back, flanks, shoulders, and thighs, more or less spotted with white; a dusky line down the middle of the back; buttocks white, bounded on each side by a descending black line : tail longer than in the Stag, blackish brown above, white beneath; abdomen and inside of the thighs whitish : horns round at bottom, with two antlers directed forwards ; their upper portion compressed, and dilated into a broad palm, with tooth-like processes along the outer margin. Female or Doe without horns, and likewise the Fawns during the first year.
Var.β. Entirely white.
Var. y. Deep brown, approaching to black.
Abundant in parks and forests in a half-reclaimed state, but doubtful whether indigenous. The black variety said to have been introduced from Sweden by King James the First; the others supposed to have come from Asia. Congregate in small herds. Rutting season in the Autumn. Female goes with young eight months, and produces one or two, rarely three, at a birth. The first two central incisors shed at the age of a year and a half; the change completed by the end of the fourth year.