C. Gobio, Linn. Syst. Nat. torn. i. p. 526. Block, Ichth. pl. 8. f. 2. Don. Brit. Fish. vol. iii. pl. 71. Turt. Brit. Faun. p. 107. Gobio fluviatilis, Flem. Brit. An. p. 186. Gudgeon, Will. Hist. Pise. p. 264. tab. Q. 8. f. 4. Penn. Brit. Zool. vol. iii. p. 361. Id. (Edit. 1812). vol. iii. p. 476. Bowd. Brit. fr. wat. Fish. Draw. no. 15. Yarr. Brit. Fish. vol. i. p. 325.
From six to eight inches.
(Form). Of an elongated form, resembling that of the Barbel: greatest depth beneath the commencement of the dorsal, equalling one-fifth of the entire length; thickness half the depth: head large, approaching to conical, a little depressed, with a transverse groove across the nose, beyond which, at the extremity of the snout, is a small elevation; its length about equal to the depth of the body: mouth wide: upper jaw very protractile, projecting beyond the lower when the mouth is closed, and furnished with a short barbule at each angle: nostrils a little in advance of the eyes: these last moderately large: head smooth and naked: scales on the body large, thin, firmly attached to the cuticle, semicircular, the free portion radiated, and crenated at the margin: lateral line at first very slightly descending, but afterwards straight, along the middle of the side: number of scales in the lateral line forty; in the depth nine; five and a half above, and three and a half below, the lateral line: dorsal commencing exactly in the middle of the whole length, caudal excluded; its length half, and its greatest height three-fourths, of the depth of the body; first and second rays simple, the others branched; second and third longest: anal similar to the dorsal, but smaller; commencing nearly in a line with the extremity of that fin when laid back: caudal forked for about half its length: pectorals about three-fourths the length of the head; second and third rays longest; all the rays except the first branched: ventrals in a line with the third dorsal ray, a little shorter than the pectorals, but of a similar form; rays similar: vent about midway between the ventrals and the anal:
B. 3; D. 10; A. 9; C. 19, and some short ones; P. 16; V. 8.
(Colours). Back, and upper part of the sides, olivaceous brown, spotted with black; gill-covers greenish white; lower part of the sides silvery; belly white: dorsal and caudal spotted; the other fins plain.
Common in rivers and gentle streams, preferring those with a sandy or gravelly bottom. Frequents shallows during the warm months, but retires to deep water at the approach of Winter. Generally keep in shoals. Pennant mentions one taken near Uxbridge which weighed half a pound: usually much smaller. Food, worms, mollusca, and aquatic plants. Spawns in April or May.
(4. Tinca, Cuv).