C. Tinca, Linn. Syst. Nat. torn. i. p. 526. Bloch, Ichth. pl. 14. Turt. Brit. Faun. p. 108. Don. Brit. Fish. vol. v. pl. 113. Tinca vulgaris, Flem. Brit. An. p. 186. Tench, Will. Hist. Pise. p. 251. c. vi. tab. Q. 5. f. 1. Penn. Brit. Zool. vol. iii. p. 359. Id. (Edit. 1812). vol. iii. p. 474. Bowd. Brit. fr. wat. Fish. Draw. no. 13. Yarr. Brit. Fish. vol. i. p. 328. Tanche vulgaire, Cuv. Reg. An. torn. ii. p. 273.
From twelve to eighteen inches; sometimes more.
(Form). Thick and bulky in proportion to its length: back moderately elevated: dorsal line continuous with the profile, falling in one regular curve to the end of the snout: greatest depth a little before the dorsal, contained about three times and a half in the entire length: thickness exceeding half the depth: head about one-fourth of the whole length, excluding caudal: snout rather broad and rounded when viewed from above: eyes small and somewhat sunk in the head, directed downwards: jaws equal: a minute barbule at each corner of the mouth: lateral line descending in a gentle curve from the upper part of the opercle to the middle of the body, then passing off straight to the base of the caudal: scales very small, invested with a slimy mucus: dorsal commencing a little beyond the middle; its greatest height rather more than half the depth of the body; its length a little less than its height; first ray scarcely more than half the length of the second; this last and the next three nearly equal; the succeeding ones slightly decreasing; all except the first two branched: anal similar to the dorsal, but smaller; commencing beyond the termination of that fin: caudal broad, rather thick and fleshy, the end nearly even: pectorals large and rounded, about two-thirds the length of the head; the fifth, sixth, and seventh rays longest: ventrals exactly half-way between the pectorals and the anal; in shape and length similar to the former'
B. 3; D, 11; A. 10; C. 19, &c; P. 18; V. 10. •
(Colours). Head, back, and sides, deep olive-green, tinged with golden-yellow: abdomen sordid yellow: irides orange-red: all the fins deep purplish brown, inclining to dusky.
Inhabits lakes, ponds, and other still waters. Keeps near the bottom, and remains in a tranquil state buried in the mud during the winter months. Usually from four to six pounds in weight, but has been known to exceed eleven. Spawns in June. Very tenacious of life.
(5. Abramis, Cuv).