Base of the bill, occiput, and nape, black: forehead and throat, blood-red.

F. Carduelis, Temm. Man. dOrn. torn. I. p. 376. Goldfinch, Mont. Orn. Diet. Selb. ILlust. vol. I. p. 312. pl. 55. f. 8, 9. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. I. p. 192.

Dimensions

Entire length five inches: length of the bill (from the forehead) six lines, (from the gape) six lines and a half; of the tarsus seven lines; of the tail two inches one line; from the carpus to the end of the wing three inches one line: breadth, wings extended, nine inches three lines.

Description

Base of the bill, lore, occiput and nape, deep black: forehead and throat arterial blood-red: cheeks, ear-coverts, fore part of the neck, belly and abdomen, white: back, scapulars, and sides of the breast, deep yellowish brown: lesser wing-coverts black; greater coverts, and basal half of the quills, bright yellow; the remaining portion of the quills black, with a white spot at the tips: tail black; the two outer feathers on each side with a large oblong white spot on the middle of the inner web; the others tipped with white: bill yellowish white; the tip dusky: feet pale flesh-red. In the female, there is less red on the forehead and throat; the lesser wing-coverts are brown, and the colours in general not so bright as in the male bird. (Egg). Pale bluish white, with a few spots and lines of pale purple and brown: long. diam. eight lines and a half; trans, diam. six lines.

. An abundant and generally diffused species. Feeds on seeds, especially those of the thistle. Song pleasing and varied; heard from April till towards the end of the Summer. Builds in orchards, gardens, and plantations: nest placed in trees or shrubs, composed of moss and wool with the addition of a few bents or lichens, and lined with wool, hair, and thistle-down. Eggs four or five in number. Is rather a late breeder.