Upper plumage reddish brown, variegated with black and ash-gray: scapulars and wing-coverts spotted with white: under parts white, with reddish bars, and longitudinal dusky streaks.

Strix Aluco, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. i. p. 89. Tawny Owl, Mont. Orn. Diet. Selb. Illust. vol. I p. 102. pl. 25. Ben). Brit. Birds, vol. i. p. 63.

Dimensions

Entire length sixteen inches: length of the bill (from the forehead) one inch four lines, (from the gape) one inch six lines; of the tarsus two inches; of the tail six inches eight lines; from the carpus to the end of the wing ten inches ten lines: breadth, wings extended, three feet.

Description

Head large: facial circle white, with a tinge of reddish brown: upper parts of the plumage ferruginous brown, variously marked and spotted with dark brown, black, and ash-gray: several large white spots upon the scapulars and wing-coverts, disposed in rows: under parts white, with transverse bars of reddish brown, and longitudinal dusky streaks on the shafts of the feathers: quills barred alternately with dusky and tawny brown: two middle tail-feathers of a uniform tawny brown; the others barred like the quills: bill yellowish white: eyes very large: irides bluish black. (Female). General colour more ferruginous than in the male, with less white: the transverse bars on the wings and tail alternately red and brown. (Egg). Smooth: dull white: long. diam. one inch ten lines; trans, diam. one inch six lines.

Equally common with the last species, but found only in woods. Builds in the hollows of old trees, or amongst ivy, and lays four eggs, which are hatched in the beginning of April. Preys upon various small quadrupeds and birds. Comes abroad only during the night, and has a clamorous hooting note.