C. rubescens, Mont, in Linn. Trans, vol. vii. p. 291. pl. 17. Don. Brit. Fish. vol. v. pl. 105. Mem. Brit. An. p. 204. Cuv. Reg. An. torn. ii. p. 221. C. Taenia, Bloch, Ichth. pl. 170.? Serpens rubescens, Will. Hist. Pise. p. 118. c. 13. Red Band-Fish, Penn. Brit. Zool. (Edit. 1812). vol. in. p. 285. Yarr. Brit. Fish. vol. i. p. 195. Red Snake-Fish, Couch in Linn. Trans, vol. xiv. p. 76.
From ten to fifteen inches.
(Form). Long, slender, smooth, sub-pellucid, somewhat compressed, tapering gradually from the head to the tail: depth behind the head (in a specimen ten inches long) rather more than three-quarters of an inch; breadth half an inch: head not larger than the body, sloping from the eye to the end of the upper jaw: under jaw longest, sloping upwards: mouth large: both jaws with one row of distant, subulate, curved teeth at their very edge, the front ones projecting forwards: eyes large, placed high on the cheeks: pectorals small, rounded: ventrals small, oval; the first ray short and spinous, with a filament adjoining longer than the other rays, and detached from them; close together, and rather before than immediately under the pectorals: dorsal commencing just behind the head, immediately above the gill-opening, and continuing uninterruptedly to unite with the caudal: anal commencing just behind the vent, which is scarcely an inch from the ventral fins, and like the dorsal, continuing the whole length to unite with the caudal: this last lanceolate, the middle ray being much the longest, and gradually shortening on each side, till the distinction is lost in the dorsal and anal fins:
B. 4; D. 70; A. 61; C. 12; P. 16; V. 1/5: lateral line a little curved near the head, but afterwards running quite straight to the tail: skin smooth, but when examined by a lens appearing finely punctured. (Colours). Pale carmine, darkest above and towards the tail; gill-covers, and undulated transverse lines along the sides, silvery: fins of the same colour as the body, except the ventrals, which are nearly white. Mont.
First noticed as a British species by Montagu, who obtained two specimens from Salcomb Bay, on the south coast of Devonshire. Several others have since occurred off Cornwall, where it is represented by Mr. Couch as being not very uncommon. In the Mediterranean it is well known.