Upper parts reddish brown; streak above the eye, moustache, and a broad transverse bar on the breast, black.
A. alpestris, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. 1. p. 279. Shore Lark, Wils. Amer. Orn. vol. 1. p. 85. pl. 5. f. 4. Perm. Arct. Zool. vol. II. p. 84.
Entire length six inches ten lines. Temm.
(Male). Forehead, throat, and sides of the head behind the eyes, pale yellow; a streak above the eye, continued over the forehead and bounding the yellow on that part, a moustache from the corners of the bill across the cheeks, and a broad transverse bar on the upper part of the breast, deep black: upper parts of the body, wing-coverts, and sides of the breast, reddish brown: quills dusky, edged internally with white: tail with the two middle feathers brown; the rest black; the outer one edged externally with white: lower part of the breast and flanks pale red; belly and abdomen white: bill and feet black. (Female). Forehead yellowish; crown of the head varied with black and brown; the black parts with fine yellowish streaks: the transverse bar on the breast smaller than in the other sex; the black feathers in the tail tipped with whitish. (Egg). White, spotted with black.
A single specimen of this Lark, the only one that has hitherto occurred in this country, was killed on the beach near Sherringham in Norfolk, in March 1830. The species inhabits the northern parts of Europe, Asia, and America. Said to frequent extensive plains, and to feed on insects and seeds. Nest placed on the ground: eggs four or five in number.
Syst. vol. 11. p. 794. Red Lark, Lewin, Brit. Birds, vol. in. pl. 93. Mont. Orn. Diet, and Supp. App.
An obscure species, if indeed it be a species, of which very little is known. Montagu says, "Taken in the Winter of 1812, near Woolwich, in a net with other larks." The specimen, however, is not in his collection in the British Museum, nor does one exist in any other with which I am acquainted.