Upper parts yellowish brown; variegated with dusky, and white spots: rump reddish yellow.
C. familiaris, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. i. p. 410. Id. torn. III. p. 288. Common Creeper, Mont. Orn. Diet. Selb. Illust. vol. I. p. 388. pl. 39. f. 2. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. i. p. 148.
Entire length five inches: length of the bill (from the forehead) five lines and three quarters, (from the gape) seven lines; of the tarsus seven lines; of the tail two inches one line and a half; from the carpus to the end of the wing two inches four lines: breadth, wings extended, seven inches three lines.
Head, and all the upper parts, yellowish brown, mixed with dusky, with an oblong whitish spot in the centre of each feather; rump rust-red; above the eyes a whitish streak: all the under parts white, tinged with reddish on the lower part of the abdomen: quills tipped with white; the four first dusky, the rest with a broad transverse reddish white bar about the middle: tail-feathers long, stiff, and acuminated; brownish gray, tinged with red: upper mandible brown; lower mandible yellowish: feet yellowish brown. (Egg) White, with pale red spots often confined to the larger end: long. diam. eight lines; trans, diam. five lines and a half.
Common and generally dispersed throughout the country. Climbs trees with great facility. Feeds entirely on insects. Has a peculiar, but rather monotonous song, heard early in the Spring, and continued during the breeding season. Nest placed in the holes, or under the loose bark, of decayed trees; formed of small sticks, wool, and mosses packed rudely together, and lined with feathers and fine shreds of wood. Eggs six or eight in number, laid towards the end of April.