Above gray, inclining to olive; beneath silvery: upper jaw longest.

Gadus Molva, Linn. Si/st. Nat. torn. i. p. 439. Block, Ichth. pl. 69. Turt. Brit. Faun. p. 91. Don. Brit. Fish. vol. v. pl. 102. Asellus longus, Will. Hist. Pise. p. 175. tab. L. m. 2. n. 2. Molva vulgaris, Mem. Brit. An. p. 192. Ling, Penn. Brit. Zool. vol. iii. p. 197. Id. (Edit. 1812). vol. in. p.262. Lingue, Cuv. Reg. An. torn. ii. p. 333.

Length

{Average). From three to four feet. Pennant mentions having heard of one which reached seven feet.

Description

{Form). Body slender, more elongated than that of the Hake, roundish: head flat: gape large: lower jaw shorter than the upper, with a single barbule at its extremity: teeth in the upper jaw small, and very numerous; those in the lower longer and larger, forming but a single row: lateral line straight: scales small, firmly adhering to the skin: two dorsals; of equal height: first short, commencing near the head, not pointed as in the Hake, but with most of the rays even: second long, immediately behind the first, reaching nearly to the caudal; the posterior portion the most elevated: vent in a line with the eighth or ninth ray of the second dorsal: anal immediately behind it, long, resembling the second dorsal, and terminating in the same line with that fin posteriorly: caudal rounded at the extremity: number of fin-rays,

D. 15 - 65; A. 67; C. 40; P. 15; V. 6*.

{Colours). Back and sides gray, inclining to olive; sometimes cinereous, without the olivaceous tinge; belly silvery: ventrals white; dorsal and anal edged with white; caudal marked near the end with a transverse black bar, the extreme tip white.

Not an uncommon species on many parts of the coast. Said by Pennant to abound about the Scilly Isles, on the coasts of Scarborough, and those of Scotland and Ireland. Approaches the land in January and February, according to Mr. Couch, in order to deposit its spawn. Very prolific. Feeds on other fish.