B. vulgaris, Flem. Brit. An. p. 194. Gadus Brosrae, Gmel. Linn. . torn. i. partiii. p. 1175. Don. Brit. Fish. vol. iii. pl. 70. Turt. Brit.

Faun. p. 92. Nilss. Prod. Ichth. Scand. p. 47. Torsk, Penn.

Brit. Zool. vol. iii. p. 203. pl. 34. Id. (Edit. 1812). vol. iii. p. 269.

Pl. 37. Low, Faun. Ore. p. 200.

Length

From eighteen inches to two feet; rarely three feet. Nilss. Largest specimen observed by Low, three feet and a half.

Description

(Form). Greatest depth (in a specimen twenty inches and a half in length) four inches and a half: head small: upper jaw a little the longest: both jaws with numerous small teeth: on the chin a small single beard: belly, from the throat, growing suddenly very prominent, continuing so to the vent, where it grows smaller to the tail; body, beyond the vent, pretty much compressed: from the head to the dorsal fin a broad furrow: lateral line scarcely discernible, but running nearer the back than the belly, till about the middle of the fish, where it bends a little downward, and then runs straight to the tail: dorsal running the whole length of the back, within about an inch of the tail: anal beginning at the vent, and ending at the tail, but not joined with it: the rays of the dorsal and anal fins numerous, but from their softness, and from the thickness of the skin, not easily counted with exactness: caudal rounded: pectorals broad, and rounded: ventrals small, thick, fleshy, ending in four points, or cirri. Low. The following is the number of rays in the several fins, according to Donovan:

D. 49; A. 37; C. 35; P. 21; V. 5.

(Colours). "Head dusky; back and sides yellow, the yellow becoming lighter by degrees, and losing itself in the white of the belly: edges of the dorsal, anal, and caudal fins white; the other parts dusky: pectorals brown." Low.

A native of the northern seas. Represented by Low as being extremely common on the coast of Shetland, where it forms a considerable article of commerce. According to Pennant, it has not been discovered lower than the Orkneys. Is sometimes called a Tusk.