First dorsal more elevated than the second; the first ray very much elongated: ventrals twice as long as the head. Cuv.

P. furcatus, Flem. Brit. An. p. 193. P. blennoides, Nilss. Prod. Ichth. Scand. p. 49. Asellus Callarias, Will. Hist. Pise. p. 205. Ray, Syn. Pise. p. 75. Barbus major, Jago in Ray's Syn. Pise.

6163. fig. 7. Blennius Phycis, Turt. Brit. Faun. p. 93. Forked ake, Penn. Brit. Zool. vol. iii. p. 193. pl. 31. no. 82. Id. (Edit. 1812). vol. iii. p. 259. pl. 35. Greater forked Beard, Couch in Linn. Trans, vol. xiv. p. 75. Merlus barbu, Cuv. Reg. An. torn. ii. p. 335.

Length

Eleven inches and a half. Penn. Eighteen inches and a half. Borlase.

Description

Greatest depth (in a specimen eleven inches and a half long) three inches: head sloping down to the nose as in the rest of the Gadidce: mouth large: besides the teeth in the jaws, a triangular congeries of small teeth in the roof of the mouth: at the end of the lower jaw a small beard: first dorsal triangular; the first ray* extending far beyond the rest, and very slender: second dorsal commencing just behind the first, and extending almost to the tail: ventrals three inches long; consisting of only two rays, joined at the bottom, and separated or bifurcated towards the end: vent in the middle of the body: anal extending from thence † just to the tail: lateral line incurvated: tail rounded. Colour cinereous brown. Penn. Number of fin-rays,

D. 10 - 62; A. 56; P. 12. Flem.

First obtained by Mr. Jago from the coast of Cornwall, where it has been since observed by Mr. Couch. According to this last gentleman, it keeps in deep water, and is not common: is called by the Cornish fishermen a Hakes Dame. Pennant's specimen was taken on the shores of Flintshire. It has also occurred near St. Andrew's in Scotland ‡. Obs. The specific character of this fish given above from Cuvier, is requisite in order to distinguish it from a nearly allied species found in the Mediterranean, (P. Mediterraneus, Laroche,) in which the first dorsal is round, and not elevated above the second, and the ventrals nearly of the same length with the head. According to Cuvier, it is this last species, which is the Blennius Phycis of Linnaeus, and not the one described and figured by Pennant, as supposed by many of our English authors.