Shield on the head with about eighteen transverse bars: caudal crescent-shaped.
E. Remora, Linn. Syst. Nat. torn. i. p. 446. Block, Ichth. pl. 172. Turt. Brit. Faun. p. 94. Cuv. Reg. An. torn. ii. p. 347. Remora, Will. Hist. Pise. p. 119. App. tab. 9. f. 2. Mediterranean Remora, Penn. Brit. Zool. (Edit. 1812). vol. iii. App. p. 524.
* The above fin-ray formula is from Montagu.
From twelve to eighteen inches. Bloch.
(Form.*) Body moderately elongated; covered with small scales: head perfectly flat above; the shield consisting of from seventeen to nineteen transverse elevated bars divided into two series; the margin of the shield cartilaginous: eyes lateral: mouth wide and rounded: lower jaw advancing beyond the upper; furnished, as well as the intermaxilla-ries, with small card-like teeth; a very regular row of small teeth, resembling cilia, along the edge of the maxillaries, which form the outer margin of the upper jaw; the anterior margin of the vomer furnished with a band of card-like teeth, and its whole surface, as well as that of the tongue, rough: four orifices near the upper lip; the anterior pair cylindrical, the posterior oval: gill-opening very large: lateral line, which is scarcely visible, taking a curve towards the end of the pectoral fin: dorsal single, commencing a little beyond the middle of the length: anal opposite: vent nearer the caudal than the head: caudal crescent-shaped: all the fin-rays soft, much branched, and invested with a thick membrane.
B. 9† 4 D. 21; C. 20; P. 22; V. 4.
(Colour). "Dusky brown." Turt.
This species, which is well known for its power of adhering, by means of the shield on the head, to other fish, and to the bottoms of vessels, is found in the Mediterranean, as well as in various parts of the ocean. In a single instance it has occurred in the British seas, Dr. Turton having taken a specimen at Swansea, from the back of a Cod-Fish, in the summer of 1806.
(III. A P O D E S).