(1. Sebastes, Cuv).

Dorsal fin with fifteen spinous and fifteen soft rays; the longest of the spinous rays scarcely more than one-fifth the depth of the body.

Sebastes Norvegicus, Cuv. et Val. Poiss. torn. iv. p. 240. pl. 87. Cuv. Reg. An. torn. 11. p. 166. Serranus Norvegicus, Flem. Brit. An. p. 212. Sea-Perch, Penn. Brit. Zool. vol. iii. p. 258. pl. 48. Id. (Edit. 1812). vol. 111. p. 349. pl. 59. Bergylt, & Norway Haddock, Yarr. Brit. Fish. vol. 1. p. 73.

Length

Two feet and upwards. Cuv.

Description

(Form). Resembles the Perch: body oblong, a little compressed; dorsal and ventral lines slightly convex: mouth oblique; lower jaw longest: depth at the pectorals contained not quite three times and a half in the length; thickness not half the depth: snout a little convex: space between the eyes flat: infra-orbitals somewhat pitted, but not armed: one small spine on the edge of the orbit in front; behind it, on the cranium, three others also small: on each side of the occiput a slightly elevated crest, terminating likewise in a small spine: scapular and supra-scapular each with a single spine: two on the opercle; preopercle rounded, with five sharp, but rather short, spines; subopercle and interopercle each also with one small spine at the point where they meet: fine velvet-like teeth in both jaws, as well as on the vomer and palatines: dorsal commencing above the supra-scapular; spinous portion equalling nearly one-third of the whole length; rays strong but short; soft portion only half the length of the spinous, but twice as high: anal commencing in a line with the soft portion of the dorsal; first three rays spinous, the first only half the length of the two others; soft rays branched, twice as long as the spinous ones: caudal nearly even: pectorals equalling one-fifth of the whole length, rounded, as broad as long; the first ten rays branched, the rest simple: ventrals a little behind the pectorals, and not quite so long:

D. 15/15; A. 3/8; C. 14; P. 19; V. 1/5. scales covering the whole head and body; a few small ones on the soft portions of the dorsal and anal fins, as well as on the caudal: lateral line parallel to the back; its course at one-fourth of the depth. Number of vertebrae thirty-one. Cuv.

This species, the Perca marina of Linnaeus, frequents high latitudes, and is little known as a native of our own seas, excepting along the northern coasts of the Island. Has been met with on the coasts of Aberdeenshire and Berwickshire; also in Zetland by Dr. Fleming. Food, according to Cuvier, Crustacea and small fish. Obs. It is very doubtful whether the Sea-Perch of Willughby * be referable to this species.