While the Greeks illustrated their knowledge of architecture in the erection of their temples and other public buildings, the Romans gave their attention to the science in the construction of the many aqueducts and sewers with which Rome abounded; building no such splendid edifices as adorned Athens, Corinth, and Ephesus, until about 200 years B.C., when their intercourse with the Greeks became more extended. Grecian architecture was introduced into Rome by Sylla; by whom, as also by Marius and Caesar, many large edifices were erected in various cities of Italy. But under Caesar Augustus, at about the beginning of the Christian era, the art arose to the greatest perfection it ever attained in Italy. Under his patronage Grecian artists were encouraged, and many emigrated to Rome. It was at about this time that Solomon's temple at Jerusalem was rebuilt by Herod - a Roman. This was 46 years in the erection, and was most probably of the Grecian style of building - perhaps of the provement; but very soon after his reign the art began rapidly to decline, as particularly evidenced in the mean and trifling character of the ornaments.
Cathedral Of Notre Dame, Paris.
The Goths And Vandals