"The basement contains fuel room, furnace room, workroom, and a fruit room near the foot of the stairs under the entrance - and a washroom with sanitary closet, lavatory and shower. The pump was placed in this room under the landing.

Plenty of basement windows are provided

Fig. 68

"Plenty of basement windows are provided. The workroom is especially large and well lighted, making it suitable for laundry, canning and a host of other general purposes.

"The light plant was placed in the furnace room. There is also space there for a workbench.

"The stairs are contained all in one well, with an easy slope.....The house was built just about a year ago at a cost of less than $8,000 including light plant, warm-air heating and plumbing.

A twelve inch concrete wall was poured of solid concrete

Fig. 69

"A twelve-inch concrete wall was poured of solid concrete. The superstructure is built of brick over frame - brick veneer.

"Since this house was built on a site where the old house burned down early in the summer of 1929, the construction was not started until early fall. The house was closed in before bad weather arrived and was completely finished about midwinter."

A Basement Of Conveniences 72

Fig. 70

Summary

The house planned for the city dweller rarely meets the requirements of the farmhouse, owing to the many activities brought about by various types of farming. The domination of urban standards has made it more difficult for the rural homemaker to obtain house designs and furnishings adapted to her needs. For proper development of the rural home the following needs are essential: (1) better farmstead plans; (2) the development of a type of rural a chitecture suited to rural surroundings and needs; (3) more labor-saving devices.

The planning of a farmstead layout includes the arrangement of various buildings, yards, their interrelation, and their relation also to the fields and the highway. Although utility is of prime importance in designing the farmhouse there are other factors. The most important considerations in locating the house are: (1) access to good highway, (2) possibility of protection from objectionable winds and the utilization of desirable ones, (3) adequate drainage, (4) sufficient supply of good water, (5) desirability of outlook. The elevation for the house should be such that thorough drainage is possible. The rooms used most should have the most pleasing outlook. The larger the house, the more the land that should be set aside for it. The relation of the house and barns should be such that the prevailing winds do not blow from the barn to the house. Farm buildings should be as few as practicable. A number of small buildings gives a cluttered appearance.

The farm home office requires a door leading directly out of doors

Fig. 71. - The farm-home office requires a door leading directly out of doors. (Warren County Better Homes demonstration.)

In planning urban and rural homes, living quarters, sleeping quarters, and service quarters may be common to both, but their location and their details may differ. Considerations in planning farmhouses are: (1) The kitchen should receive special consideration in size and location. (2) The washroom, if one is included, should be accessible from the side of the house facing the farm buildings and from a hall leading directly to the dining room. (3) There should be adequate provisions for storage. (4) The location of the stairway should be such that it is accessible to those that make the most use of it. (5) The farmhouse should be planned for the activities carried on. It usually is the place also where most of the farm business is conducted. (6) Most farmhouses need to be larger than most city houses.

More liberty is possible in selecting exterior designs for the farmhouse than for the city house as there are fewer conflicting elements to consider, the plot is larger, and there are no neighboring houses. The site and other farm buildings also are the owner's own property.