Paints, tints, wallpaper, commercial fabrics, and wood paneling are commonly used for wall finishes and coverings. Plaster is finished both with rough and smooth finishes. Rough finish should be suitably used with consideration for the style of architecture, size of rooms, and type and style of furniture. Artistic results are obtained by paneling smooth plaster walls with wood or plaster molding. Picture molding frequently is used. Plaster walls also are commonly painted both with flat paints and with calcimine. Wash paints are most suitable for kitchens and bathrooms. Good effects may be produced by the use of plastic paints if properly applied. These may be used on any materials that may be successfully painted with ordinary paint.
Wallpaper long has been known as a desirable wall covering. New wash wall coverings are on the market that are most satisfactory. Antiqued paper and waterproof papers are also in use.
Wood paneling which was formerly too expensive for the family with a small income now may be obtained at reasonable cost.
For South rooms which are light and sunny, cool colors, medium in value, may be used to soften light. North rooms with less light need light, warm colors. In small rooms which are comfortably lighted, colors light in value will accentuate the size. Furniture may be emphasized by the use of a wall color grayed in intensity, and light of value.
The kind of finish selected for new wood floors depends upon the wood and the preference of the individual. Durability, ease in cleaning, and economy in replacing are considerations which should be observed. The most common finishes are stain, oil, paint, varnish, shellac, and wax or a combination of two or more of these materials.
Brussels, Wilton, Velvet, and Axminster rugs are commonly used. Tapestry is an imitation of Brussels and similarly made. In addition to these floor coverings there are Oriental rugs, Chinese rugs, fiber and grass rugs, and linoleums.
Resilient flooring materials are the outgrowth of a definite need. Cork, composition products, and rubber are the principal materials having resilience as a dominant characteristic. The three classes of cork-flooring products are: (1) Linoleum and linoleum tiles, (2) natural cork tiles, (3) cork carpets. The new lacquer treatment of linoleums provides a surface which is not easily stained and also adds qualities of sanitation, low maintenance cost, and durability.