1. The neighborhood should be primarily residential. Homes should not be located within an industrial district.
2. It should be protected by zoning laws, where necessary supplemented by deed restrictions.
It is perhaps the usual rule that zoning regulations should be supplemented by deed restrictions. Carefully drawn deed restrictions should apply to all lots in residential districts, whether sold or unsold. They should not be about to expire and they should be drawn in such a way as to permit of modification under proper safeguards every twenty to thirty years.
3. The preferable location for a home is on a minor street so planned as not to be inviting to through traffic.
In cases where apartment houses or single-family houses are located on major streets provision should be made for adequate set-backs, for the planting of roadside trees and grass borders and for protection from traffic dangers.
In new subdivisions it is better to have streets run northeast by southwest, and northwest by southeast, so that the possibility of having rooms with due north exposure may be obviated.
4. Residences should be located within relatively easy access of churches, schools, civic, cultural and shopping centers.
Reasonable proximity to places of employment for each of the working members of the household should also be taken into consideration, so that a minimum of time will be lost in transit between work and home and a maximum amount of time available for family life and for common activities of parents and children.
5. Neighborhood stores should be so located as not to be detrimental to the residential character of the neighborhood and should be so designed and treated with reference to set-backs and planting as to enhance the attractiveness of the district they serve.
6. Neighborhoods should so far as possible have charm and distinctiveness and be free from ugliness and monotony and conditions which tend to depress or humiliate the family. Street trees and grass strips should be. provided on all residential streets and there should be frequent small parks within the district.
In neighborhoods where there are row houses or detached houses built from identical plans, individuality can be secured through planting and through the use of window boxes, porch and garden furniture, etc.
7. Children should not have to depend upon the street for their play. Play space, should be provided either in individual yards, or in yards thrown together, or in accessible and safely approached neighborhood playgrounds under conditions of adequate supervision and with adequate play equipment. Careful attention should be paid to the landscaping of the playgrounds, so as to provide shade trees at locations which will not interfere with play activities, and shrubs, hedges or grass borders so that the playground may not detract from the appearance of its neighborhood.
8. Residences should not be unduly near railroads, aviation landing fields, public garages, stables, dumps, marshes or obnoxious industries.
9. The neighborhood should be free from smoke, dust, odors, fumes, noise and heavy traffic.
10. Residences should not be located on land that is frequently flooded or so low that it is damp or subject to difficulties in sewage disposal. Areas of low-lying land improperly or insufficiently drained and areas of made land where decayable matter has been used to make the fill should be avoided as residence sites.
11. The neighborhood should be free from "moral nuisances" such as disorderly houses, centers of liquor traffic, and gambling houses.
12. Alleys are objectionable in residential districts and should not be planned in new subdivisions. Existing houses fronting on alleys should be abandoned under a comprehensive plan.
13. Steep grades should be avoided in streets.