1. The house should be so designed and placed upon the lot as to provide for adequate sunning and natural lighting of all rooms. There should be direct sunshine at some time of day in each room throughout the year. No room should have only a north exposure.
Sunshine is recognized as one of the most important means to vigorous health in childhood, and as circumstances often make it necessary to keep children indoors at various ages the adequate sunning of rooms is one of the most important means to child health. In planning new houses it is impossible to place them at an angle to the points of the compass so that there will be no north rooms, but if the street layout of the city is such as to make north rooms inevitable the planning should provide for additional windows to either the east or west. The north rooms would therefore be corner rooms.
2. Covered porches should not be so placed as to reduce unduly the natural lighting of rooms. No room should receive its sole natural light from windows opening upon covered or glassed-in porches.
3. Ugliness, excessive ornamentation and unpleasant color combinations should be avoided in the exterior of the home. The best effects are ordinarily secured through simplicity in the architecture.
4. All materials in house construction should be sound and durable. Houses should be well built in every respect.
5. Houses to be safe should be fire resistive.
There is considerable loss of life annually of children in America because of the prevailing practice of building houses that are not fire resistive. To families or communities that consider it impossible to reach ideal standards of construction immediately, it might be stated that the minimum of protection for houses includes fire-resistive roof coverings and exterior walls, adequate fire-stopping between studs to prevent passage of fire through walls and floors, protection around sills and pipe openings and the use of fire-resistive materials to protect adequately all portions of the house where lighting or heating equipment may cause danger or through which fire might spread. Chimneys should be well built and properly flue-lined.
6. Foundations should be damp-proof, sound and durable. Houses should be securely anchored to their foundations and the roofs should be securely anchored to the house.
7. Buildings should be properly insulated against dampness, heat, cold and sound.
8. Houses should be kept in good repair in all their parts.
Construction and maintenance should be such as to prevent dilapidation and disrepair, such as loose railings, rotten boarding, etc. Special attention should be paid to the use of materials and methods of construction which experience has demonstrated to be safe or to new materials and methods of construction which give reasonable promise of being satisfactory. Construction and maintenance should keep roofs and walls free from leaks, and rain gutters and leaders should be so placed as to prevent accumulations of rain water and should be made free from clogging and leaking. There should be insulation against dampness and ventilated air space under the roof to protect from extreme heat or cold. Depending upon climatic conditions the house should be properly insulated against heat and cold.