Many suggestions have been made for reducing the cost of houses. Most methods, however, have not been sufficiently tried out to determine their importance as factors for reducing costs. The best known of these methods are the following: Mass production; standardization of building materials; more factory-made parts; use of new building materials and better use of old ones; elimination of waste in construction processes and materials; less expensive improvements; cheaper financing; reducing the cost of advertising in selling building materials and equipment; better processes in construction; year-round building - overcoming irregularity of employment; reducing the speculative element in cost of land; uniformity in building codes and elimination of certain features in the individual house, such as cellars, basement partitions, fireplaces, etc. Although the opinions of housing specialists differ as to the amount of cost reduction by these suggestions and methods, processes and changes that will net even a slight reduction are worthy of consideration.

The United States Department of Commerce through its elimination of waste program has reduced the number of varieties of building materials, which has been a factor in cost reduction. By the use of the requirements drawn up by the Building Code Committee waste also may be eliminated. Some of the wastes occurring in the building industry are due to management and to labor. The reduction of housing costs may also be brought about through the enlargement of credit facilities and through the elimination of the speculative element in cost of land.

References

Architects' Small House Service Bureau, Inc. Small Home, V (August, 1925), 24-25.

Contains design and plan of six-room cellarless house.

Aronovici, Carol. Housing and the Housing Problem. Chicago A. C. McClurg & Co., 1920.

Land values (pp. 56-73).

Atterbury, Grosvenor. The Economic Production of Workingmen's Homes. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1930. Pp. 39. Report of the Regional Plan of New York and Its Environs.

Churchill, Allen L., and Wickenden, Leonard. The House-Owner's Book. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Co., 1928.

Goodrich, Ernest P. "Methods of Reducing the Cost of Housing," National Association of Real Estate Boards: Annals of Real Estate Practice, 1930. Chicago: The Association, 1930. Pp. 469-79.

Gregory, Julius. "The Costs of Building a House," American Home, III (March, 1930), 567, 602-6.

Gries, John M., and Curran, Thomas M. Present Home Financing Methods. U.S. Bureau of Standards, B.H. 12. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1928. Pp. 23.

Gries, John M., and Taylor, James S. How To Own Your Home. Pub. No. 7, February, 1931. Washington: Better Homes in America, 1929. Pp.32.

Ham, W. H. "Standardized Construction of Dwellings," Regional Survey of New York and Its Environs, Vol. VI: Buildings, Their Uses and the Spaces about Them. New York: Regional Plan of New York and Its Environs, 1931.

Pp. 348-49.

Jones, Robert Taylor. Fifty Ways To Lower Home Building Costs. Minneapolis: Architects' Small House Service Bureau, Inc., 1926. Pp. 13.

Laist, Theodore F. Building Material and Construction Costs. Chicago: American Contractor, 1929. Pp. 94.

Mumeord, Lewis. "Mass-Production and the Modern House," Architectural Record, LXVII (January-February, 1930), 13-20, 110-16.

National Housing Association. Housing Problems in America. Proceedings of the Ninth National Conference on Housing, Philadelphia, December 5-7, 1923. New York: The Association, 1924.

Addresses on various methods of reducing building costs including standardization, unnecessary building-law requirements, irregularity of employment, and other subjects (pp. 30-106).

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Building Permits in the Principal Cities of the United States in I929. Bull. 524. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1930. Pp. 109. _______"Preventable Causes of Expense in Housing," Monthly Labor Review, XVIII (February, 1924), 388-91.

Discussion of National Housing Conference papers (1923)

_______"Union Scales of Wages and Hours of Labor, 1913-1930," Monthly Labor Review, XXXI (September, 1930), 690-713. _______(Department or Commerce). Survey of Current Business (monthly publication).

Indexes of construction costs - frame and brick houses.

Wood, Arthur Evans. Community Problems. New York: Century Co., 1928.

Second-mortgage rates, uniformity of building codes, speculative element in costs of land, and other causes for high costs (pp. 122-28).

Wright, Henry. "The Road to Good Houses," Survey, LIV (May 1, 1925), 165-68, 189.