While the tables show the average day's work with the average rate per square, per lineal foot, and per piece for nearly all kinds of carpentry work, yet I think it proper to show how and why variations should sometimes be made, and that it is necessary to use some discriminating judgment in connection with the tables as regard the average day's work.

Table Of Prices For Estimating Labor By The Lineal Foot

Different kinds of work per lineal foot.

Average day's work.

No. of feet.

Rate per foot.

Putting down base and quarter round

90

$0.04

Putting on base molding...............

180

.02

Cap and molding for wainscoting ..........

140

.02½

Putting up cornice ..................

24

.15

Making gutters in cornices ................

50

.07

Putting up cornier casings ...............

70

.05

Putting on belt casings ............

90

.04

Table Of Prices For Estimating Labor By The Square

Different kinds of work per square.

Average day's work.

No. of squares.

Rate per square.

Framing floors in houses.............

5

$0.70

Framing floors in barns .............

4

.90

Framing outside walls of houses .............

6

.60

Framing outside walls of barns ..............

4

.90

Framing and sotting partitions ...........

6

.60

Framing ceilings ..........................

7

.50

Framing plain roofs.

6

.60

Framing hip and valley roofs ...........

3

1.20

Sheeting sides with common sheeting...

8

.45

Sheeting sides with 8 - inch shiplap .............

7

.50

Sheeting sides with 6 - inch flooring ........

6

.60

Sheeting roofs with common sheeting...

8

.45

Sheeting roofs with 8 - inch shiplap .............

6

.60

Shingling with common shingles ................

1.40

Shingling with dimension shingles ...........

2

1.75

Siding with 6 - inch beveled siding ................

3

1.20

If Papered before siding ................

1.40

Siding with 6 - inch cove siding ................

1.40

If papered before siding .............

2

1.75

Siding with 12 - inch barn boards ............

6

.60

Siding with 12-inch boards and battened

4

.90

Laying floor with 6-inch pine flooring..

6

.60

Laying floor with 4-inch pine flooring..

.80

Laying floor with 6-inch hardwood___

5

.70

Laying floor with 4-inch hardwood___

4

.90

Laying floor which has to be surfaced..

2

1.75

Ceiling with 6 - inch pine ceiling ...........

4

.90

Ceiling with 4-inch pine ceiling.......

3

1.20

Plain wainscoting without cap .................

4

.90

Table Of Prices For Estimating Labor By The Piece

Different kinds of work per piece.

Average day's work.

No. of pieces.

Rate per piece.

Making plain window frames ..................

3

$1.20

Making plain door frames ...............

4

.90

Making transom frames..............

3

1.20

Setting frames in position in building.

14

.25

Hanging blinds before frames are set.

15

.24

Hanging blinds after frames are set___

10

.35

Hanging inside blinds ...............

5

.70

Fitting sash in frames ..............

18

.20

Hanging sash with weights ...............

14

.25

Hanging transoms ...............

10

.35

Casing windows ..................

12

.30

Casing doors, both sides ..............

16

.22

Casing doors, both sides ..............

8

.44

Casing transom frames, one side ...............

12

.30

Casing transom frames, both sides ............

6

.60

Cutting in window stops ............

35

.10

Cutting in door stops..................

30

.12

Band molding frames, one side ...............

24

.15

Band molding frames, tow sides ................

12

.30

Putting down thresholds ...............

24

.15

Fitting common doors ..............

20

.18

Hanging common doors ................

20

.18

Putting on rim knob locks............

35

.10

Putting on mortice knob locks..........

14

.25

Undoubtedly, many will think the rates in the table too high, and the averages too low, but right here let me say that no contractor should make an estimate based on these so-called big day's work. If he does he is almost sure to find he is mistaken. An estimate should always be made from a reasonable average, and then if the contractor is able to average as well as he estimates, and perhaps a little better, he feels that he is making a success of his business and is satisfied. On the other hand, if the estimate is made from too large an average, the big day's work which was counted on may not be accomplished and many a time, what seemed like time enough, would prove insufficient. Then there would be dissatisfaction and disappointment. I will now return to the tables and show how to make some short cuts by combinations. In the tables every item is given separately for convenience in estimating any particular portion of a job, but to facilitate the work of estimating an entire job, many of the different items may be combined and regarded as one. For example, it is worth -

For framing and placing joists in position per square .........

$0.70

to

$0.90

Laying floor per square .......

.60

to

1.75

Total .........

$1.30

to

$2.65

Thus the framing and laying of floors may be estimated at once if desired. The bridging of joists should be estimated at 3 to 5 cents per joist for each row of bridging.