This tree flourishes throughout Great Britain, in Asia, and America.

Appearance

The colour of the wood is brownish white, with longitudinal yellow streaks; each annual layer is separated from the next by a ring full of pores.

Characteristics

The most striking characteristic possessed by ash is that it has apparently no sapwood at all - that is to say, no difference between the rings can be detected until the tree is very old, when the heart becomes black.

The wood is remarkably tough, elastic, flexible, easily worked; very durable if felled in winter, well seasoned, and kept dry, but soon rots when exposed to alternate wet and dry. Is subject to the attacks of worms.

The timber is economical to convert, in consequence of the absence of sap. "Very great advantage will be found in reducing the ash logs soon after they are felled into plank or board for seasoning, since, if left for only a short time in the round state, deep shakes open from the surface, which involve a very heavy loss when Drought on later for conversion." l

Uses

This wood is too flexible for most building purposes, but is very useful for tool handles, shafts, felloes and spokes of wheels, wooden springs, and wherever it has to sustain sudden shocks.

Canadian and American Ash, of a reddish-white colour, is imported to this country chiefly for making oars. These varieties have somewhat the same characteristics as English ash. They are darker in colour. The Canadian variety is the better of the two.