White Mansfield

There are several beds of this stone. The top bed of all has a coarser grain than the others. The second and third beds supply a very good fine-grained stone, fit for the finest ashlar work; while the lowest bed is much harder than the others, and is well adapted for stairs, paving, landings, etc.

Red Mansfield is more generally of uniform quality and appearance. The stones of the darkest colour are considered the best.

This stone is quarried by wedges, without blasting. It is procurable in blocks weighing as much as 10 tons, and from 4 to 5 feet thick.

It can be sawn at the quarries into blocks and slabs, or turned on a lathe into columns of any moderate diameter.

Where used. - Red. - Bilton House, Trafalgar Square, flagging of terrace; Hyde Park, Albert Memorial, squares of flagging of terrace; Burlington House, ashlars, columns, and niches; St. Pancras Hotel and Station; voussoirs of arch in main entrance, plinth of hotel, corbels, etc. White. - Town-hall, Mansfield, Clumber Lodge, etc.

Craigleith Stone is perhaps the most durable sandstone in the United Kingdom. It consists of quartz grains united by a siliceous cement, with small plates of mica. It contains 98 per cent of silica and only 1 per cent carbonate of lime. It is found near Edinburgh, and is used extensively in that city, and also exported.

Many other sandstones of nearly equal importance to the above are mentioned in the following Tables: -

NAME OF QUARRY.

NEAREST POST TOWN.

COUNTY.

COLOUR OF STONE.

Weight

Per Foot

Cube in Lbs.

WHERE USED, AND REMARKS.

British Sandstones

Sandstones from the Cretaceous formation.

Bargate, or God-aiming .

Godalimng

Surrey

Dark ferruginous brown

163.8

Bridges; churches; paving at cavalry camp, Aldershpt.

Calverley..

Tunbridge Wells

Kent..

Variegated brown

118.1

A sandy limestone; soft, does not weather well. Used for buildings in Tunbridge Wells; now worked only for buildings on the property.

COLLEY..

Reigatc..

Surrey..

Greenish light brown

103.1

From Lower Greensand - called Reigate stone - formerly known as Gatton. A light stone. Absorbs water; does not weather well. Two beds in the quarry; the upper contains flints, is hard and strong; the lower free from flints; fit for ashlar dressings. Very important that it should be laid on natural bed. Hampton Court, Windsor Castle, Croydon Almshouses and Town Hall. Many churches in Surrey.

GODSTONE ...

Godstone ...

Do.

...

112.0

From Upper Greensand. Known as "Firestone." A soft calcareous sandstone. Worked in slabs about 10 inches thick; used to form the floors of glass furnaces; blocks of stone, etc.: and for cleaning hearths; therefore sometimes called hearthstone.

Hassock (from Kent Rag)

Maidstone.

Kent

Light yellow .

113to 115

A sandy limestone. See Remarks, page 66.

Mansfield Stones. Mansfield Red .

Mansfield .

Nottinghamshire

Reddish brown..

148.6

See Remarks, page 38.

Do. White

Do.

Do.

Whitish brown..

146.6

See Remarks, page 38.

Oolite and Lias Sandstone.

Aislaby Gkosby

Whitby . Do.

Yorkshire Do. .

Light brown Do.

126.7

Abbey and Docks, Whitby; University Library, Cambridge; Scarborough and Bridlington Piers.

Park Quarry .

New Malton..

Do. .

Whitish brown

...

Used for building purposes, and for burning lime, though called a sandstone.

Park Spring

Farnley, Leeds .

Do. .

Light ferruginous brown

151.1

Beds very irregular. Used for St. George's Hall, Bradford;, Commercial Buildings, Leeds. Quarries nearly worked out. Much of the stone known as "Park Spring" comes from other quarries.

NAME OF QUARRY.

NEAREST POST TOWN.

COUNTY.

COLOUR OF STONE.

Weight

Per Foot

Cube in Lbs

WHERE USED, AND REMARKS.

British Sandstones - (continued).

New Red Sandstone.

Bedston

Chester

Cheshire .

Yellow.

...

Belton

Drayton

Shropshire

White and light red .

...

Buildings in Shrewsbury.

Bottom Quarry

Aislaby-Whitby

Yorkshire .

Warm light brown .

126.6

Whitby Abbey; University Library, Cambridge; Scarborough and Bridlington Piers; Sheerness and St. Catherine's Docks. Stone easily worked; weathers well.

Carlisle ...

•..

Cumberland

Warm red.

Cefn .

Wrexham .

Denbigh .

Yellow

128

A good stone. Used at Wrexham and Warrington Barracks.

Colwich..

Rugeley .

Staffordshire

White .

...

Rather soft; used in churches and buildings of Rugeley.

Corsehill ...

Annan

Dumfries .

Dark red, and some beds bright pink

154

Close grained; weathers well; works easily; fit for ashlar and well adapted for carving and for columns. Hand in Hand Insurance Office and St. James's Hall; James Street Station, Liverpool; all buildings in Annan.

Colton Hill..

Rugeley .

Staffordshire

White .

..

Rather soft. Suited for fine work. Used in churches and buildings of Rugeley.

Craig.- Bankend

Dumfries .

Red

.. •

A good weather stone.

Crumpwood..

Alton

Staffordshire

White .

..

Good quality: yields large blocks, similar to those used at Alton Towers.

Fulford..

Cheath .

Staffordshire

Light brown.

..

Gatherly Moor..

Richmond

Yorkshire .

Cream

135.8

Easily worked, but venty. Aste Hall; Richmond and Caterick Bridges; Skelton Castle; Darlington Town Hall, etc.

GRINSHILL ...

Shrewsbury

Shropshire

White or light yellow; reddish brown

140.0

Flaggy at top; large blocks below Churches in Shrewsbury of eleventh century. Public buildings in most of the Shropshire towns. White is the best; easy to work; tones down to a creamy tint when set.

HOLLINGTON..

Uttoxeter .

Staffordshire

Lightish brown grey

133.1

Trentham Hall, Drayton Manor; Town Hall, Derby; Meer Hall, Cheshire.

Kerr ...

Dumfries.

Lazonby..

Lazonby .

Cumberland

Warm red

138.0

Mostly used for flags and landings.

Manley..

Fordsham .

Cheshire .

Yellow

127

A strong-grained stone, very durable, rather porous; very deep blocks; suitable for columns. Used at Chester Castle, Town Hall, Market Hall.

Newbiggin..

Corby, nr. Carlisle

Cumberland

Red.

154

A good stone. Weatheral Railway bridge. Quarry lately reopened.

Northfield..

Annan

Dumfries .

Dark red.

Osmotherley..

Osmotherley

Yorkshire .

Dark brown

Used locally.

Park Quarry .. .

Toxall

Staffordshire

Light grey

124.6

Ruins at Toxall; St. George's Church, Birmingham; Sandwich Hall, Birmingham.

Parkfield ...

Annan

Dumfries .

Dark red .

..

Close grained; fit for ashlar and well adapted for carving and for columns.

Penrith..

Penrith

Cumberland

Warm red

...

Used in neighbourhood, Brougham Castle, etc.

Darkish red

129 3

Good and bad stone In alternate layers; large blocks. New church and new bridge, Manchester; Liverpool Docks.

Do...

Do.

Do.

Light red variegated

134.8

Stanley ...

Bewdley .

Shropshire

Grey

141.4

Docks and Corn Exchange, Liverpool. Grindstones.

Stourton ...

Birkenhead

Cheshire .

White and yellow .

...

Stourfort Bridge; Worcester and Bewdley Bridges; Gloucester Bridge. Grindstones.

Upper Permian. St. Bees & Corby

Corby

Cumberland

Red

• ■ •

Viaduct over river Eden.

Coal Measure Sandstones and Grits.

Abercarne and.. Newbridge

Newport .

Monmouthshire

Dark bluish grey .

1679

Old churches and buildings in vicinity; Cardiff and Newport

Docks.

Ackworth ...

Pontefract

Yorkshire

Light brown .

160

Weathers well; suitable for copings.

Barnard Castle..

Barnard Castle

Durham .

Yellow .

Locally known as Shaw Bank stone.

Binnie..

Linlithgow

Linlithgowshire

Brownish grey

140.1

University Club, Edinburgh; Bank; principally used now for monumental work.

Bolton Wood .. .

Bradford .

Yorkshire

Light yellow .

166

Hard; durable; large blocks. Town Hall, Manchester.

Brackenhill..

Pontefract

Do. .

Brown

Hccomniendcd for sills, copings, strings, etc.

Bradford ...

Bradford .

Do. .

Light brown .

142.2

May be obtained in large blocks. Used for London Docks; bridges N. W. It.

Bramley Fall ...

Leeds

Do. .

Light ferruginous brown

142.2

See remarks, p. 37. Entrance gates and lodge to Euston Station, London; Millwall Docks.

Brandon Hall ...

Bristol

Gloucestershire

Purplish brown

..

Used for paving streets of Bristol.

Brunton ...

Gosforth .

Northumberland

Dark greenish brown and yellow

140

A good stone; much used. St. Nicholas Square; Clayton Memorial Church; High Level Bridge and Police Court, Newcastle; also for grindstones. There are the "main stone" and "bottom " beds.

Burton..

Newcastle-on-Tvne

Do.

..

..

Morpeth Railway, Jarrow Docks, grindstones, etc.

Castlbcary..

Falkirk .

Lanarkshire

Light brown .

..

Rather a coarse grit; good for heavy ashlar, especially for bridges and engineering works.

Catcraig ...

Borrowstounness

Linlithgowshire

Whitish grey .

1417

Used for sea walls in the neighbourhood.

Catlow..

Burnley .

Lancashire

Light brown .

Used for flagstones, landings, etc.; Apothecaries' Hall, Liverpool.

Calverly Wood

Bradford .

Yorkshire

Grey.

Cenfas...

Swansea .

Glamorganshire

Dark blue-grey

170.1

Coney Warren ..

Leeds

Yorkshire

...

..

Locally known as Horsforth stone. Used at Blackwall, Jarrow, and London Docks.

Coxbench ...

Derby

Derbyshire

Brownish yellow

..

Two beds, one finer grain than other. St. Pancras Station; Market Hall, Derby.

NAME OF QUARRY.

NEAREST POST TOWN.

COUNTY.

COLOUR OF STONE.

Weight

Per Foot

Cube in Lbs.

where used, and remarks.

British Sandstones - (continued).

Coal Measure Sandstones and Grits.

Craigleith..

Edinburgh

Edinburgh

Whitish grey .

141.8 to 145.9

One of the best sandstones in the country; quartz grains, siliceous cement, plates of mica; 9S per cent silica, only 1 per cent carbonate of lime; very hard and durable; good for ashlar and all building purposes. Used for nearly all the principal buildings in Edinburgh, also for piers of Southwark Bridge, and many buildings in London.

Crawlout ...

Borrowstounness

Linlithgowshire

Light ferruginous brown

129.1

Used for old Kinneil Church, Roman bridge : and for furnaces, ovens, etc.

Crookes..

Sheffield .

Yorkshire

Used in works and for paving. Locally known as Lidgate rock.

Crossland Hill .

Huddersfield

Do. .

Light brown .

155.2

Weathers well.

Cunliffe Blue .

Blackburn

Lancashire

Light bluish grey .

Good for slabs and steps; very durable.

Darley Dale, or Stancliffe

Bakewell .

Derbyshire

Light ferruginous brown

148.2

Abbey in Darley, Stancliffe Hall, Birmingham Grammar School, Birmingham and Nottingham Station.

Duffield Bank..

Derby

Do.

Light brown .

132.9

Grammar School, Birmingham; St. Mary's Bridge;Bishop Ryder's Church, Derby; Spire of Mickleover Asylum near Derby.

Duke's Quarries

Cromford .

Do.

Red, varied with green, brown, and grey

144.5

Penitentiary, Milbank; Victoria Docks, London; Birmingham and Leicester Gaols; bridges on N. W. R.

Dunmore, etc. etc.

...

Stirlingshire .

Whitish grey and light brown

132

A good weathering stone. Much used in Glasgow and other large towns.

Eccleshill..

Bradford .

Yorkshire

Light brown .

166

Medium hardness; sawn for steps. Much used in Bradford.

Elland Edge..

Halifax .

Yorkshire

Light grey brown .

153.3

Fine micaceous grit and flagstone; a very good stone. Used for paving and landings; Victoria Station, Manchester.

Elswick ...

Newcastle

Northumberland

Light brown grey .

140

Very hard. Used for St. Mary's Tower; Infirmary; Barracks, Newcastle.

Fishponds ...

Bristol

Gloucestershire

Dark blue and grey

168.2

Called "Pennant Stone." Used for Philosophical Institute and Gaol at Bristol. A very durable good stone.

For Edge ...

Stacksteads

Lancashire

Bluish brown.

Very durable flags, if laid as split by frost.

Forest of Dean .

Sydney and Coleford

Gloucestershire

Grey and blue

See remarks, pp. 37, 8S.

Garth...

Garth

Denbighshire .

Nearly white .

1447

Used for Valle Crucis Abbey, Thames Embankment, etc. Contains 86 per cent of silica.

Gazeby

Bradford .

Yorkshire

179

Hard; good for steps. Used for steps at British Museum, etc.

Giffneuk, or Gifnock....

Glasgow .

Lanarkshire

Pale grey

143.9

Soft Bandfitone, flue grit, very like Hunter's Hill; does not weather well in smoky atmospheres. Much used for all the principal buildings in Glasgow and the neighbourhood. Can be obtained in large blocks lit for the finest ashlar.

Gipton Wood ...

Leeds

Yorkshire

Light yellow .

...

Fine grit; soft stone. Locally called Harehill stone. Used for Yorkshire Bank, and Stock Exchange, Leeds, etc. Sawn into slabs.

GREENMORE

Sheffield .

Do. .

Bluish grey

...

Very good for steps and landings.

Grinshill ...

...

...

Bright yellowish brown.

..

Grosby

Whitby .

Yorkshire

..

Grove Height .

Kamsbottom .

Lancashire

Brownish grey.

..

Guy's Cliffe ....

Leeds

Yorkshire

Light brown .

...

"Bramley Fall" stone obtained here.

Hartford Bridge

Blyth

Northumberland

...

...

Hartford Bridge; Bridge at Windsor, Lady Burdett Coutts's Church, Westminster.

Hassock Hill .

...

Lancashire

Grey and yellow

...

Coarse and massive. Used for millstones, paving, engine beds, and foundation stones. Wears well under traffic.

Hawksworth.. Wood

Leeds

Yorkshire

Light brown .

137 9

Close grained stone, similar to that from Spinkwell and Horsforth.

Heddon..

Newcastle-on-Tyne

Northumberland

Light brown ochre .

1307

Used for church at Heddon, several buildings - ancient and modern - in Newcastle, Grey Monument; Sunderland, Jarrow, and Northumberland Docks.

Hookstone .

Harrogate

Yorkshire

White, and dark brown

142.6

A soft stone, occasionally stained with oxide of iron.

Honless Hill .

Coleford .

Gloucestershire

Light grey and grey

153 8 to 158

Used for the late Prince Consort's mausoleum; Tortworth Court; Cardiff and Newport Docks; Usk and Lands End Lighthouses; fortification at Popton Point. Some of the stone is blue.

HONLEY..

Huddersfield .

Yorkshire

Bluish grey

. . .

A sound, good, hard stone; supplied in blocks and slabs.

HOPTON..

Burnley .

Lancashire

...

..

Very hard laminated flag-rock. Used for paving in Liverpool and docks.

HORSFORTH

Leeds..

Yorkshire

Yellow .

..

Known as Bramley Fall. Used for the same puposes.

Horsley Castle

Derbyshire

Light brown.

..

Howley Park .

Morley, near Leeds

Yorkshire

Light brown .

160

From Finsdale quarries; can be had in large blocks; not hard, but very durable; good for dressings, stairs, etc.

Hoyle House .

Clougli, Huddersfield

Do. .

Grey

151.4

Used for docks, bridges, engine beds.

Humbie, dark

Edinburgh

Haddingtonshire

Do.

135.8

The top bed is a dark stone; the next bed white; and the next grey; stone works freely; good for fine ashlar. Used at Dundas Castle; spire, Tron Church, and several other buildings in Edinburgh; Boyal Exchange and Bank, Glasgow, etc.

Do. light .

Do.

Do.

White .

140.2

Hunger Hill .

Belper

Derbyshire

Warm light brown .

136.0

Used for ashlar work; church and new buildings in Belper.

Hunter's Hill .

Glasgow .

Lanarkshire

Pale grey

143.9

A soft sandstone, fine grit; very like Giffneuk; does not weather well in smoky atmospheres. Much used for all the principal buildings in Glasgow and the neighbourhood. Can be obtained in large blocks lit for the finest ashlar.

NAME OF QUARRY.

NEAREST POST TOWN.

COUNTY.

COLOUR OF STONE.

Weight

Per Foot

Cube in Lbs.

WHERE USED, AND REMARKS.

British Sandstones-(continued). Coal Measure Sandstone & Grits.

Idle .

Bradford .

Yorkshire

Light blue, light brown, light yellow

166

Hard and durable blocks; flags, landings. Very large quarries. Stone used all over England, and also exported. Paving at Guildhall, and in many towns. The light yellow is similar to Bolton and Spinkwell stone, and will work in with them.

Kenton..

Newcastle-on-Tyne

Northumberland

Light ferruginous brown

145.1

Particularly good for fine work, carving, etc.; millstones, flagging, grindstones, St. Thomas' Church, New Town Hall, and nearly all the new buildings in Newcastle-on-Tyne.

Lindrop..

Bakewell .

Derbyshire

Light yellowish brown

...

Used in parts of Chatsworth House.

LONGANNET...

Perth

Perthshire

Brown

13175

Quartz grains; siliceous cement; beds five inches thick. Used in Exchange, Edinburgh; Tulliallan Castle, Perthshire.

LlNGENFIELD..

Selby

Yorkshire

Light grey

42

Used for Commercial Docks, London; railway bridge over Ouse; County Hospital, York; Victoria Docks; works on N. E. R.

LONGRIDGE ...

Del worth, near Preston

Lancashire

Warm dark yellow .

146.1

Used for Royal Bank, Liverpool; most of the buildings in Preston.

Longwood Edge .

Huddersfield

Yorkshire

Warm light grey brown

153.4

Matlock Mook .

Ashover .

Derbyshire

Yellowish brown

137

Coarse grained; hard.

Mean Wood..

Leeds

Yorkshire

Light brown .

1399

Locally known as Braniley Fall.

Minera..

Pen-y-gelli

Denbighshire .

Greenish brown

1397

Fine stone for ashlar, etc.; grindstones. Used for building in Liverpool, Chester, etc., and other places. Is a good fire-resisting stone, and much used in furnaces; also in the Patent Safe Company's Office, City.

Moor Quarry ... Greaa'es Quarry..

Lancaster

Lancashire

Very light brown .

147

Coarse grained; hard; strong.

Merryfields..

Pateley

Yorkshire

Whitish grey .

...

Resembles Craigleith in colour.

MORLEY..

Leeds

Do.

Bluish grey.

Morley Moor ...

Derby

Derbyshire

Warm brownish grey, often greenish

130.5

Bank at Derby; Berniston House. Used for grindstones.

New Leeds..

Leeds

Yorkshire

Light brown .

147.5

Locally known as Bramley Fall.

North Owram ...

Halifax

Do.

Yellowish brown

...

The stone from the North and South Owram quarries is the best for steps, landings, etc. Most of the stone known as "York stone " in the London market comes from these quarries.

Pensher..

Houghton-le-Spring

Durham .

Pale whitish brown .

134.4

Used for Pensher Chapel; Scotch Church, Sunderland; Sunderland Pier; Seaham Harbour : Victoria Bridge at Durham, and on the Wear, etc.

PlLLOUGH ...

Bakewell .

Derbyshire

Yellow.

Potter Newton ....

Leeds

Yorkshire

Do.

...

Used largely in Leeds, Barnsley, etc. Soft, not durable. Specially good for stairs, landings, etc.

PRUDHAM....

Fourstones

Northumberland

Light olive

145

Central stations. Newcastle and Carlisle. Army and Navy Hotel, Victoria Street.

QUARELLA ...

Bridgend

Glamorgan

Grey, green, white .

...

Green and white, good for dressings; grey for landings. Colonial Institute; Llandaff Cathedral; All Saints' Church, Torquay.

QUEENSBERRY..

Halifax .

Do. .

Yellowish brown

Fine grit.

Redgate..

Wolsingham

Durham .

Light ferruginous brown

1396

RlNGBY..

Halifax .

Yorkshire

Light yellow .

150

Fine grained and sound stone. Used in Manchester, and at Tod-morden Town Hall and Church.

Robin Hood

Wakefield .

Do. .

Greenish grey .

...

Good for landings, steps, sawn slabs.

Scotgate Ash .

Pateley Bridge .

Do. .

Brownish yellow, grey

153

For particulars, see p. 37.

Scotgate Head .

Huddersfield .

Do. .

Light greenish grey

158.0

Used for York Castle; Bath Hotel, Huddersfield. A very coarse grit; weathers well.

Shaw Lane..

Hunger Hill .

Derbyshire

Some brown, some white

136

Used in Leicester Church.

Shipley..

Bradford .

Yorkshire

Yellow.

..

South Owram .

Halifax .

Do. .

Yellowish brown

• • •

See remarks above on North Owram stone.

Spinkwell Greencliff Cliffwood

Bradford .

Do. .

Warm brownish yellow

149 5

Well-known quarries. Hard, fine grained. Contains 881/2 per cent silica; no carbonate of lime or soluble salts. Stone used for new Town Halls, Manchester and Bradford; Liverpool Custom House and Docks.

Stanningley..

Leeds

Do.

Light brown .

...

Fine grained; suitable for steps, landings, etc.; also for engine beds.

Stanton..

Bakewell .

Derbyshire

Reddish yellow.

Stainton, or Stenton

Barnard Castle

Durham .

Ferruginous light brown

142.5

Round Keep, Barnard Castle; Joint-Stock Bank and Market House, Barnard Castle; new station, Darlington; sinks and grindstones.

Sunderland.. Road

Gateshead

Do. .

Durham Station; Jarrow Dock; Viaduct at Belmont.

Talacre and Gweslye..

Holywell .

Flintshire

Brown olive .

150.3

Good blocks obtainable. Used at Bodelwyddan Church; quarries at Denbigh and Khuddlan Castles, etc.

Thorntons...

Bradford .

Yorkshire

Yellowish brown.

Tyne ...

Newcastle-on-Tyne

Northumberland

Light brown .

Hospital and Workhouse, Newcastle.

Upper Moor..

Bradford .

Yorkshire

Do. .

154

Fine grained; flagstones; suitable also for "par-point" work.

Victoria ...

Leeds

Do. .

Do. .

1452

Stone well suited for steps, landings, and fine work. Catholic Church, Leeds.

Viney Hill..

Coleford .

Gloucestershire

Light purplish grey, with occasional light greenish spots

1557

Forest of Dean stone; red and silver grey beds - red rather streaky; grey in beds 4 inches thick. Used at Cardiff Pier; buildings in Gloucester.

Warden..

Newcastle-on-Tyne

Northumberland

White .

Central Stations, Newcastle and Carlisle.

Warsdill ...

Pateley Bridge .

Yorkshire

Brownish yellow

131

Warwick ...

Huddersfield .

Do .

Warm light brown .

148.6

Used for many public and other buildings in Manchester.

Watehill ...

...

...

Blue

Used in blocks and slabs for paving; stations, Birmingham,

Chester.

NAME OF QUARRY.

NEAREST POST TOWN.

COUNTY.

COLOUR OF STONE.

Wright

Per Foot

Cube in Lbs.

WHERE USED, AND REMARKS.

British Sandstones - (continued). Coal Measure Sandstone and Grits.

Wideopen ...

Newcastle-on-Tyne

Northumberland

Brown .

...

Glass and blast furnaces; building stones; grindstones.

WlMBERRY ...

Coleford .

Gloucestershire

...

...

Used in Newport and Cardiff for buildings; St. John's and Exeter Colleges; Oxford for interior work; and in many other buildings and works in the neighbourhood.

Old Red Sandstone. Arbroath ...

Arbroath .

Forfarshire

Greenish grey .

..

Very good for internal steps and paving; does not weather very well in wet places.

AlTCHRAY ...

Dundee .

Do. .

Purplish grey .

158.9

Buildings in Dundee and neighbourhood.

BURGHEAD .

Inverness.

Inverness.

Light drab and buff

Very durable; easy to work.

Bannis Kirk, Castlehill, Forss,

ROCKHILL, ..

Thurso .

Caithness-shire .

Greenish brown

Weathers very well; good for external paving; very great transverse strength - being nearly twice that of Arbroath, and three times that of Craigleith.

Barbadoes..

Chepstow

Monmouthshire

Light greyish brown

146.8

Tintern Abbey.

Brilley..

Kington .

Herefordshire .

...

...

Used for buildings in Hereford.

Bromyard..

Bromyard

Do.

Purplish brown

147.9

Used for numerous buildings in Hereford.

Cook's Folly..

Bristol

Gloucestershire.

Reddish .

...

Used for Clifton Suspension Bridge.

Dacke Bank.

Leeds

Yorkshire

Light brown .

• ••

Hull and Barnsley, Railway and Docks; new Railway Bridge, Blackfriars.

Glammis....

Forfar

Forfarshire

Purple grey

161.1

Glammis and Inverquharity and Cortachy Castles; Lendertis House, etc. etc.

Knockley ...

Coleford .

Gloucestershire.

Grey

159.3

Used for Cardiff Pier; troughs, grindstones, etc.

Lioch..

Dundee .

Forfarshire

Light purplish grey.

159.2

All principal buildings in vicinity.

LOCHEE..

Do. .

Do. .

Bluish grey

1587

Principal buildings of neighbourhood.

LONGANNET..

Perth

Perthshire

Light ferruginous brown

131.7

Stadt House, Amsterdam; Exchange, Edinburgh; Talle View Castle, Perthshire.

MUNLOCHY...

Munlochy

Ross-shire

Red and variegated .

160.6

Cathedral Church of Ross at Fortrose; Inverness old bridge; Cromwell Court; also for canals, etc.

Mylnefiei.d or Ringoodie

Dundee .

Forfarshire

Purplish grey .

160.0

Good aslilar or paving; old steeple and principal buildings of Dundee; Dundee Docks; Bell Rock Lighthouse; Royal Asylum, Perth; Kinfauns, Huntly, Pitfour Castles; Rossie Priory, etc.

Nairn

Nairn

Nairnshire

Whitish .

...

Durable; easily worked. Used for most buildings at Nairn.

Pyotdykes

Dundee .

Forfarshire

Purplish grey .

162.5

Used for Dundee Waterworks.

Tarradale

Beauly

Boss-shire

Pink

...

Very durable; bard to work. Inverness Castle.

Tyn-y-Cwm

Newport .

Monmouthshire

Bright red

Very compact stone; Ebbw Vale Church.

Cambrian.

SWITHLAND

Groby..

Lancashire..

Dark blue..

..

A slate, but contains grit; good for paving, steps, etc. Used for pavement, Prince Consort's Memorial; also for kerbs at St. Pancras Station.

Irish. Sandstones. Old Red.

..

Altmorer ...

Dungiven

Londonderry .

..

Buildings in Londonderry.

Ballyheigax..

Ennis

Clare

Yellowish

..

Has ferruginous spots; easy to work. Used for dressings; Shannon works.

Benmore ...

Ballycastle

Antrim .

Light .

..

Easily worked.

Carrick..

Kosina

Tipperary

Light brown .

..

Fine grained; clean. Roscrea Railway Station; New Bank, Ireland; and chapel.

Carrikreagh..

...>

Fermanagh

Dark blue

..

Excellent stone; any description of work can be executed in it.

Cong ...

Cookstown

Tyrone

Yellowish cream

..

Works very easily; soft and porous.

DONAGHMORE..

...

Tyrone

Cream

..

Hard; very good for dressings.

Drumbane...

Thurles .

Tipperary

Whitish .

159 4

Buildings in Nenagh; free working stone. May be procured in large blocks, but scarce. Used in new Barracks, Tipperary.

Drumkeegan..

Mount Charles .

Donegal .

Yellowish white

..

Works well; wears well. All dimensions obtainable.

DUNGANNON..

Dungannon

Tyrone

Light cream .

130.5

Works well. Much used in North of Ireland.

Enny Vale

Monaghan

Light grey

..

Useful stone; good for dressings.

Glandore .

Glandore .

Cork

Greenish

..

Hard grit; very durable. Ballymoney Castle; Kilcolunan House.

Granard ...

Balnagall

Longford .

Whitish grey or bluish

..

Generally hard; not much used. Yellowish beds are free work-in

KlLLEA..

Manorhamilton

Leitrim .

Whitish

..

Fine grained. Large blocks work freely.

KlLRUSH..

Kilrush .

Clare

Dark brown .

..

Dark close-grained flags. Very durable.

Latt ...

Cavan

Cavan

Yellowish grey

..

Works well. Poorhouse, Cavan.

LlSNASKEA ...

Lisnaskea

Fermanagh

Yellowish white

..

Good free working stone; several quarries.

LlSMORE..

Lismore .

Waterford

Brownish

..

Fine grained; several quarries near Lismore.

Longford ...

Longford .

Longford .

Yellowish

..

Large blocks; soft; yellowish when raised, but become hard and white; used for millstones.

Mallow..

Mallow .

Cork

Brown, some reddish

..

Good Hags and blocks; several quarries near Mallow. Stone used in the town; the reddish fine grained, ferruginous.

Minard..

Annascall

Kerry

..

...

Duagh Pier.

Money Point..

Kilrush .

Clare

Dark brown .

..

Like Carlow flags, but darker, and covered with wormlike impressions.

NAME OF QUARRY.

NEAREST POST TOWN.

COUNTY.

COLOUR OF STONE.

Weight

Per Foot

Cube in Lbs.

WHERE USED, AND REMARKS.

Irish Sandstones-

(continued).

Old Red.

MOUNTMELLICK .

.. .

Queen's County

Light grey.

....

Newport .

Newport .

Mayo

Red and brown

....

Coarse grained. Newport Bridge, sea works, etc.

Park, and several quarries

Wexford .

Wexford .

....

Works easily; coarse grain.

SCRABO

Newtownards .

Down

Light grey

....

Used for buildings at Newtownards, and for flags; easily worked; geological formation doubtful.

Shankill and Kellymount

.....

Kilkenny.

Dark greyish brown.

....

Known as "Carlow flags." Thin-bedded siliceous grit; fine grained; very hard; very durable. Beds do not require dressing. Used for flagging and roofs.

Skibbereen

Skibbereen

Cork

Grey

1627

When freshly raised is soft, but hardens by exposure. Chapel and buildings, Skibbereen. Durable.

St. John's Hole .

...

Roscommon

Do. ...

...

Provides ashlar, flags, etc. Used for Boyle Abbey; has weathered well.

Whitechurch .

Dungarvan

Waterford

...

Soft and porous; works freely.

YOUGHAL .

Youghal .

Cork

Reddish grey.

..

Coal Measures- Sandstone.

....

...

Glebe

Glasslough

Monaghan

Whitish .

...

Good for external work; large blocks and slabs.