NAME OF QUARRY.

NEAREST POST TOWN.

COUNTY.

COLOUR OF STONE.

Weight

Per Foot

Cube in Lbs.

WHERE USED, AND REMARKS.

English Limestones.

Cretaceous.

..

..•

..

..

..

Beer ...

Axminster

Devonshire

Light brown

1317

Cathedral and St. Tcter's, Exeter. Soft when first quarried, hard when seasoned, does not stand well in London.

Tottenhoe..

Dunstable

Bedfordshire

Greenish white

...

Dunstable Priory; Luton, and many other churches; Fonthill House; Woburn Abbey. Weathers badly.

Iguanodon, etc. .

Maidstone..

Kent..

Blue grey, or greenish grey..

166.6

Kent Rag. See Remarks, p. 64.

Oolitic. Purbeck Beds.....

..

..

..

..

..

PURBECK..

Swanage .

Dorsetshire

Brownish grey..

169.2

Much used for paving. Very durable, but wears rather slippery.

Seacombe ...

Purbeck .

Do.

Light grey..

149.3

The whitbed from this quarry a very superior stone, of a good colour, strong, and very durable under wear. Very good for stairs. Used for lighthouse at Margate, Winchester Prison, numerous churches, etc.

Do...

Do. .

Do.

Very light brown .

151.0

Portland Oolite...

CHILMARK ...

Salisbury...

Wiltshire..

Light greenish grey

153.5

See Remarks, p. 63...

Portland Quar-

Portland

Dorsetshire

Whitish brown ..

Roach 155

See Remarks, p. 60...

Whitbed 145

ries..

Curf 144

Basebed 137

Tisbury..

Salisbury .

Wiltshire

Light greenish grey.

..

..

Wardour ...

Do.

Do.

Do.

..

..-

Coralline Oolite.

..

..

..

..

..

Headington

Oxford

Oxfordshire

Blue and brown tints

Generally too soft and friable for building. Contains from 91 to 96 per cent carbonate of lime. The worst beds have been used for colleges and churches in Oxford. Has weathered badly, but stood best at Wadham College.

NAME OF QUARRY.

NEAREST POST TOWN.

COUNTY.

COLOUR OF STONE.

Weight

Per Foot

CUBE in Lbs.

WHERE USED, AND REMARKS.

English Limestones - (continued).

HlLDENLEY

Malton ...

Yorkshire..

Whitish cream..

130.6

Resembles indurated chalk. Used for paving. Kirkham Priory; columns of chapel, Castle Howard.

Great and Upper

Oolite. Ancaster .

Sleaford ...

Lincolnshire..

White, yellow, pink .

160.

Compact, fine grained. Works like Bath stone. Becomes harder after quarried. Weathers well. Used for Belvoir Castle; Wollaton Hall. At St. Pancras Station for dressings.

Ball's Green..

Minchinhampton

Gloucestershire .

White ...

...

Known as Painswick stone. Very uniform in grain. Used for New Houses of Parliament, etc. Good for staircases.

Barnac Mill..

Stamford ...

Northampton ...

Light brown ...

1367

Shelly limestone. Much used for churches in Lincolnshire, Cambridgeshire, and North Suffolk. Peterloo College; Croy-land Abbey.

Box Hill ...

Bath..

Somersetshire .

Cream..

123.

See Remarks, p. 60.

Casterton ...

Stamford ...

Rutland ...

Light brown ...

Known as Stamford marble. Ely Cathedral; Buildings in Stamford; New Record Ofiice, Fetter Lane.

ClIARLBURY..

Charlbury..

Oxford ...

...

...

Contains from 83 to 91 per cent Carbonate of lime. Oxford Barracks.

Clipsham ....

Do...

Do...

...

113-

Buildings in Stamford; Ely and Peterborough Cathedrals; Ex-ton, Uppingham, Melton Mowbray, Astley, and other churches.

Combe Down..

Bath

Somersetshire .

Cream..

116.

See Remarks, p. 60.

DOULTING (Old

Down)..

Shepton Mallet

Do.

Light brown .

130.3

A shelly granular limestone. Very regular and uniform in texture; free working, and very durable. Wells Cathedral, Glastonbury Abbey.

Dowdeswell..

Cheltenham..

Gloucestershire

..

Christ Church, St. Luke's, and other churches in Cheltenham.

DUNDOY..

Bristol..

Do.

..

...

St. Mary's, Redeliffe. Has weathered badly.

Farleigh Down..

Bath..

Somersetshire .

Cream..

122.7

See Remarks, p. 60.

Hamdon Hill..

Yeovil..

Do...

Light orange brown ...

141.6

Shelly granules. Beds from 6 inches to 3 feet thick. Very unequal in quality. The best are very durable and strong. The stone is sawn with a tooth saw.

Haydor..

Grantham..

Lincolnshire .. .

Brownish cream colour..

133.7

Essential that this stone should be set upon its natural bed. Lincoln Cathedral; Boston, Grantham, Newark, and other churches; Culverthorpe House; Belvoir Castle.

Painswick ...

Stroud

Gloucestershire

Cream colour .

..

Known as Painswick stone. Very uniform in grain. Used for New Houses of Parliament, etc.

PUDDLECOTE..

Charllmry..

Oxfordshire

Light brown

..

Largely used in Oxford in the twelfth century. Used at Chat-ford, Dean, Chilson, and Burton-on-the-Water.

RUSKINGTON..

Ancaster .

Lincolnshire

Cream coloured.

..

....

Shepton Mallet

...

Somersetshire .

Do...

..

..

St. Giles and others....

Lincoln ...

Lincolnshire..

..

...

Lincoln Cathedral. There are two or three quarries round Lincoln for building stone.

Tainton..

Burford .

Oxfordshire

Streaky brown

136-

A shelly oolite. Grains soft and chalky. Absorbs water freely. Blenheim House; churches in Oxford; interior of St. Paul's Cathedral; Byland Abbey.

Windrush, Hard

Windrush..

Gloucestershire

Cream

135.9

Some beds shelly. Some of even grain. Windrush House; Barrington House.

Do. Soft

Do.

Do.

Do. . .

118.1

Yeovil..

Yeovil

Somersetshire .

Greenish grey

..

Used for bridges over Worcester, Shropshire, and Wolverhampton Railway.

Do...

Do.

Do.

Brownish yellow

..

Do. do.

Do...

Do.

Do.

..

..

..

Lias. Keinton..

Somerton...

Somerset ...

Blue grey

..

Paving, building, and lime.

Ketton..

Kelton..

Rutlandshire .

Cream and pink

128.3

Very good durable stone, oolitic grains well defined; fit for stairs, plinths, mullions, and other dressings. St. Dunstan's Church, Fleet Street; the modern part of Peterborough and Ely Cathedrals; Sandringham Hall, etc. etc.; St. Pancras Railway Station.

Ketton Rag..

Do...

Do...

White .

155.7

The rag beds are white, cemented with highly crystallised carbonate of lime. The crash is of a dark brown colour, very coarse, full of shells, distinct ova, and very ferruginous.

Load Bridge..

Langport.

Somerset..

Blue grey..

. ..

Langport and Somerset churches.

Rimpton..

• • •

Do...

Light slate colour .

Used for flags and landings.

Sparkford

Castle Cary

Dorset..

Some white, some blue..

...

Used for bridges on Worcester, Shropshire, and Wolverhampton Railway.

Sutton..

Bridgend ...

Glamorganshire..

Very light..

136.0

Used for Llandaff Cathedral, Neath Abbey, Corby Castle, etc.

Wilmcote ...

Stratford-on-Avon..

Warwickshire ...

Some white, some blue..

...

Several beds; some polish like marble. Used for paving.

Magnesian Limestone. Anston-

Norfall Quarry-

South Anston .

Yorkshire..

Cream brown ...

144.0

Used in Houses of Parliament for the structure generally.

Stone Ends..

Do...

Do...

Do...

144.2

Used in Houses of Parliament for plinths of building towards river.

NAME OF QUARRY.

NEAREST POST TOWN.

COUNTY.

COLOUR OF STONE.

Weight per Foot

Cube in Lns

WHERE USED, AND REMARKS.

English Limestones - (continued).

Magnesian Limestone.

/

Aycliff..

Darlington

Durham .

Grey

165

Used for building in the district.

Bolsover Moon .

Chesterfield

Derbyshire

Light yellowish brown

1517

Used for Southwell Church, and for paving. This stone was tirst chosen for the Houses of Parliament, hut the quantity required was more than the quarries could supply.

BRAMHAM Moor...

Tadcaster.

Yorkshire

Warm brownish yellow.

..

..

Brodswoeth..

South Milford .

Do.

Light brown .

133.6

Hard and soft beds; central beds the best. Doncaster old Church, Brocklesby Hall, etc.

Cadeby..

Doncaster

Do.

Cream .

126.6

A friable stone; central beds the best Used at Day and Martin's, High Holborn; Almshouses, Edgeware.

HUDDLESTONE..

Sherburne

Do.

Whitish cream

137.8

Hard veins occur in the stone. Used for York Minster; Selby Cathedral; Huddlestone Hall; Sherburne Church, Swindon; Westminster Hall; the Cross opposite Charing Cross Station.

Jackdaw Craig ...

Tadcaster.

Do.

Dark cream .

...

York Minster, and probably most of the churches in York. A good stone, but requires careful selection. Lowest bed is the best stone.

Mansfield, Yellow

Mansfield Wood-house

Nottinghamshire

Yellow

145 8

See Remarks, page 66.

MlCKLEFIELD..

South Milford .

Yorkshire

Cream

...

Very good stone, much used in York and Leeds.

Park Nook..

Do

Do.

Do.

137.2

Subject to pot-holes containing calcareous spar. Used for Pon-tefract old Church, Campsall Lodge, etc.

Roche Abbey..

Bawtry .

Do.

Whitish cream

139.1

Stone weathers black, and in lines according to the beds. Roche Abbey; Deanery, York; Tukhill Church and Castle; BIyth Church; Bawtry Church; several other churches in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire; Toxteth Church and Hall; Os-berton and Writton Churches, Nottinghamshire.

Smawse..

Tadcaster

Do.

Light yellowish brown

127.5

Stone crisp and brittle; not fit for steps. Ripon Minster; repairs York and Beverley Minsters , Hull old Church; St. Mary's Church, Beverley.

Steetley ...

Worksop .

Nottinghamshire

White .

128.2

Used for Houses of Parliament; Steetley Church; Abbey Church, Scarborough; Doncaster.

Do...

Do, .

Do

Yellow .

1306

Tadcaster ...

Tadcaster

Yorkshire

Cream.

..

..

WOODHOUSE..

Mansfield

Nottinghamshire

Cream brown .

145.8

Used for lower past of river front of nouses of Parliament; Southwell Church; Martyrs' Memorial at Oxford.

Carboniferous... Hakmby

Northallerton .

Yorkshire

Grey

..

Beds 6 to 4 feet thick. Used for building and for lime.

Hopton Wood ...

Wirksworth

Derbyshire

Do.

158.4

A sort of marble, fine-grained; compact; will take a polish; in large blocks. Good for steps, paving, etc; weathers well. Used at Chatsworth; Belvoir Castle; paving part of Abingdon Street, London.

NlDDERDALE

Pateley Bridge

Yorkshire

Do.

166.6

An encrinitlo marble, a mass of fossil lilies.

Devonian. Brixham .

Brixham .

..

..

..

Breakwater, Torbay; Dawlish sea wall; paving, etc.

POMPHLET .

Plymouth

...

...

...

See Marbles.

Scotch Limestones

..

..

..

..

BURDIEHOUSE

Edinburgh..

...

...

... |

Very few of the Scotch limestones are used for building.

Criguton .

Do...

...

...

..

Irish Limestones.

..

..

Carboniferous. Adare...

Adare...

Limerick .

Dark blue

...

Adare Manor House

Angliham ...

Galway ...

Galway .

Do. .

...

Full of shells. Can be got in large blocks.

Ardbraccan..

Navau..

Meath

Light grey

..

Very crystalline; works well. Cullen Church; Ardbrachen House

Ards-Caledon ...

Caledon ...

Tyrone

Greyish blue .

..

Roman Catholic chapel and buildings in Caledon.

Armagh, Navan .

Armagh ...

Armagh .

Light pinkish grey .

160

Very fossiliferous , takes a good polish; when polished is yellow, when tooled white; large blocks obtainable. Used for houses in Armagh, and chimney-pieces.

Ballakiltry..

Waterford..

Waterford

Dark grey

••

Close-grained marble; takes a polish; weathers badly , buildings in Waterford.

Ballinafad..

Balliuafad..

Sligo

Light grey

..

Works freely. Used for ashlar, Rockingham House, etc.

Ballinasloe..

..

Galway .

Bluish .

....

Polishes well. Used for dressings and monumental purposes.

Ballintemple .

Cork..

Cork

Light grey

173.4

Close grained and compact; works freely and very well; good for carving; large blocks. Point House, Savings Bank, public buildings in Cork.

Ballisadare..

Ballisadare

Sligo

Dark greyish blue .

..

Compact texture; works well, Victoria Bridge, Sligo.

Ballyconnell .

Ballyconnell

Cavan

Bluish grey

..

Hard. Ballyconnell Uridge, lock, mill, etc.

Ballyshannon .. .

Ballyshannon .

Donegal .

Brownish grey

..

Compact slightly crystalline; works freely. R. C. Chapel. barracks, etc., at Ballyshannon.

Barley Hill..

Canickmacross.

Monaghan

Dark blue

..

Rather difficult to work

Brackernagu..

Ballinasloe..

Galway

Grey

..

Close grained, full of fragments of fossils; rather difficult to work.

Browns Hill..

Carlow..

Carlow

Dark blue

...

Full of pearl spar and crystals of quartz; unfit for fine work. Buildings in Carlow.

Carrick Slaim ...

Carriek-on-Shannon..

Leitrim .

Light blue-grey

..

Carrick-on-Shannon Bridge.

Cariuckcocagii ....

Enniskillen..

Fermanagh

..

Not difficult to work; of excellent quality.

Carrigacrump ...

Cloyne..

Cork

Dark grey

..

Laminated; easily worked; large blocks. Bank of Ireland, Cork.

Cashel..

Lanesborough .

Longford .

Whitish grey .

...

Not very compact; found in large blocks. Athlone Bridge; Longford Chapel.

NAME OF QUARRY.

NEAREST POST TOWN.

COUNTY.

COLOUR OF STONE.

Weight

Per Foot

Cube in Lbs

WHERE USED, AND REMARKS.

Irish Limestones

(continued).

Churchtown..

Newcastle..

Limerick ...

Light grey

//

Irregular beds. Courthouse anrl Workhouse, Newcastle.

Clare Castle .. .

Eimis..

Clare..

Grey..

...

Very close grained; tough; easily worked; large blocks. Cork Harbour forts.

Clorhann ...

Shannon Bridge

King's County .

Grey....

..

Shannon works.

Cogans Field..

Boyle..

Roscommon..

Bluish grey..

..

Works well and freely.

Cong ...

Ballinrobe..

Galway..

..

..

An excellent stone; can be got in blocks of any size.

Crossdown..

Oldcastle ...

Meath..

Whitish grey ...

..

Works freely; can be obtained in large blocks.

Drogheda ...

Drogheda

Do...

...

..

Very brittle; fine grained; hard to work. Drogheda Barracks.

Dublin, Rathgar,. Kimmage, and several quarries

Dublin ...

Dublin ...

Light grey to black

..

Calp limestone; used chiefly for building purposes, and the spawls for metal; alternates with beds of hard and soft slate. A good stone; weathers well. Used for old St. Patrick's Cathedral, Trinity College, Portobello Barracks, and public buildings.

DUNAMASE....

Maryborough.. .

Queen's County

Grey . . .

...

Lunatic Asylum, Maryborough.

DUNKIT..

Waterford..

Kilkenny ...

Blue..

..

Used for railway bridges, etc.

Farm Gate, Moyour..

Westport.....

Mayo..

Grey...

..

Courthouse and houses, Westport.

Farren..

Killorglin

Kerry..

Do...

..

Killarney Cathedral and Lunatic Asylum.

Fermoy..

Fennoy .....

Cork..

Light bluish grey .

1711

FlNGLAS..

Dublin ....

Dublin ...

Black ...

..

Extensively used for building.

FOYNES..

Foynes..

Limerick ...

Blue..

...

Railway Station, Foynes; Kilrush, Kildegrat piers. A good stone for engineering work.

GlLLOGUE ...

Limerick ....

Do...

Dark when quarried, afterwards white

..

Yields a good hydraulic lime. Used at Floating Basin, Limerick Docks.

Graigue..

Carlow..

Carlow..

Blue grey..

..

Close grained; conchoidal fracture; works well.

Great Meadow, Grevish..

Boyle..

Roscommon..

Light bluish grey .. .

...

Found in large blocks; becomes white on exposure.

Greor..

Longford ...

Longford ...

Light grey..

...

Large blocks obtainable. Used for Baron Lefroy's house, Carni-glan.

Hoole..

Fethard ....

Wexford .

..

• • •

Used for building; makes hydraulic lime.

HOWTH..

Howth..

Dublin .

Grey and dark blue

..

Used for rubble; makes good hydraulic cement.

Kenmare ...

Kenmare ...

Kerry

Grey

..

Slaty; hard to work. Used for Suspension Bridge.

KILLARNEY..

Killarney..

Do...

Do...

...

Hard; even grained; difficult to work. Several quarries near Killarney. some yielding flags used for Muckross Abbey.

KlLMALLOCK..

Kilmallock

Limerick .

Blue..

165

Easily worked; compact. Railway bridges, stations, etc.

Lanesborough .

Lanesborough .

Longford .

Dark grey..

..

Works freely; polishes well. Shannon works; Lanesborough Bridge.

Lecarrow .

• •

Roscommon

Light blue..

..

Good for dressings.

Lersclip .

Kildare .

Black .

...

Do. do.

Limerick .

Limerick .

Limerick .

Blue..

165

Easily worked; compact. Docks, bridges, etc.

LlSBURY..

...

...

Dark..

157 to 167

Compact; easy to work. Nenagh Gaol.

LlSMORE..

Lismore .

Waterford

Brown and light grey

. .

Some hard and brittle; not difficult to work.

LlSTOWEL .

Listowel .

Kerry

Dark bluish grey..

172.1

Barracks and Bridewell, Listowel. Dense, close grained, free working, with fossils and crystalline fragments.

Little Island .

Cork..

Cork..

Light grey..

..

Very fossiliferous; works freely. Used for forts, Spike Island.

Mallow

Mallow .

Do.

Do. .

..

Contains grains of quartz; slaty; not difficult to work.

Mealwood ...

Carrick-on-Shannon

Leitrim .

Blackish..

..

Rather difficult to work.

Meelick ...

Killaloe ...

Mayo

Dark grey..

...

Irregular fracture; large blocks. Moyne and Rossock Abbeys. Has weathered well.

Moneen, Wakefield

Castleton..

Do.

Blue-grey..

..

Used for barracks and gaol. Some thin black marble makes good nibble.

Mubb Hill, and several quarries

Dundalk ...

Louth

••

..

Works freely.

Nooaff..

Ennis..

Clare

Grey..

..

Courthouse, Ennis.

Parsonstown

Parsonstown..

King's County .

Bluish grey..

..

Large flat-bedded blocks and flagging.

PORTUMNA ...

Portumna..

Tipperary

Black ...

..

Earthy; not fit for ashlar; fit for other heavy work. Portumna Bridge.

Red Cow, and other quarries

Dublin ...

Dublin .

Grey to black .

..

Good serviceable stone for general building purposes.

Shandon ...

Dungarvan..

Waterford

Light grey..

..

Siliceous; very difficult to work.

Sheep Hill..

Drogheda..

Louth

Light blue..

..

Not difficult to work. St. Peter's Church, Courthouse, Market, Drogheda.

Skerries ...

Dublin .

Dublin .

Grey . . .

..

A good building stone; dresses well.

Teuryland..

Galway..

Galway

Light grey..

..

Coarse grained; easily worked; large blocks. Used for Queen's College, Lough Corrib Docks, etc.

Tullamore..

Tullamore..

King's County .

Bluish ...

..

Good for dressings and monumental work.

White Gate..

Do...

Do...

Bluish grey..

..

Very close grained : large blocks; brittle. Used for Queen's College, Lough Corrib Docks, etc.