The Cedar (Cedrus Libani) properly so called, comes from Mount Lebanon, and Asia Minor, and is not much known in this country.

The wood generally known as cedar is from trees of the genus Juniperus.

These trees are found in Virginia, Bermuda, Florida, and also in India, Australia, etc.

1 Seddon.

2 Newland.

3 Brown's Forester, p. 278.

Appearance

The heartwood is a reddish brown, sapwood white, straight-grained, and porous.

Characteristics

Very light and brittle, and wanting in strength; Tredgold says it is about 3/4 the strength of the best red pine; is easily worked; does not shrink much; is very durable when well ventilated. Has a pungent odour which often unfits it for internal joinery, but protects it from being attacked by insects. A resinous substance exudes from the timber when freshly cut, and makes it difficult to work.

Uses

For pencils, furniture, toys, carvings; and in Bermuda for ship and boat building, for doors, window frames, sashes, and internal joinery. It is the best kind of wood to veneer upon.

Market forms. - Imported in logs from 6 to 10 inches square.

The Cypress (Gupressus sempervirens) furnishes a timber sometimes known as cedar.

It is found in Cyprus, Asia Minor, Persia, etc.

The wood is strong, very durable, has a strong odour, resists worms and insects, and is much used in Malta and Candia for building purposes.

The Oregon Pine or Douglas Pine (Abies Douglasii) is found in N.W. America.

It resembles Canadian red pine in appearance, but is slightly harder.

A few spars and a little timber and plank are sent to this country, but there is no regular trade.