The Larch (Larix Europcea) is found in various parts of Europe; the finest varieties being in Russia.
There are two kinds in this country, one yellowish white, cross-grained, and knotty; the other (grown generally on a poor soil or in elevated positions) reddish brown, harder, and of a straighter grain.
"Decidedly the toughest and most lasting of all the coniferous tribe," 3 very strong and durable - shrinks very much - straight and even in grain, and free from large knots, very liable to warp, but stands well if thoroughly dry - is harder to work than Baltic fir - but surface is smoother, when worked. Bears nails driven into it better than any of the pines.
American Larches are the black variety (Larix pendula) known as Hackmatack or as Tamarak; and also the red variety (Larix microcarpa).
The timber from these trees resembles that from the European larch.