At one time inside shutters were considered as one of the necessary fittings of a fine dwelling, and when they are properly arranged they are very serviceable. When they interfere with the proper trimming of the windows by shades and draperies, however, they are more objectionable than desirable. When used in rooms that are to be nicely furnished, the jambs of the windows should therefore be made of sufficient depth, by furring the walls if necessary, that pockets may be provided for the shutters to swing into when open, and the arrangement of the finish should be such that when the shutters are folded back they will appear as a paneled jamb. To obtain the best effect the window should have a panel back, with paneled jambs to the floor.

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Fig. 248.

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Fig. 249.

Figs. 250 to 252, taken from an excellent article on "Interior Woodwork," by Mr. A. C. Nye, and published in the American Architect of January 23, 1892, show what is probably the most complete and desirable arrangement for inside shutters in dwellings. The different folds of the shutter should be hung so that they will all swing in the same direction, the middle leaf always occupying a position near the centre when the shutters are folded in the box. It is believed that this method of hanging cures the tendency that shutters have to spring out of the box.

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One feature which may be noticed in Figs. 251 and 252, and which should always be provided, is that the top of the shutter is not carried to the soffit of the window, but is separated by a or 3/8 inch bead, and the bottom is similarly treated on the elbows and seat.

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Fig. 253.

In laying out the drawing for the window, how and where the curtain poles are to be placed should be considered.

If they are to be set on the outside of the trim the casings may be set as close to the shutter box as the thickness of the wall will permit. If, however, it is desired that the curtain be kept inside the trim, or if the shutter box does not project sufficiently to clear the plaster line of the wall, a fitting piece must be used, as shown in Figs. 250 and 251, and the curtain poles fastened to it. Should the fitting piece be wide enough to receive both the heavy pole for the drapery curtains and the small pole for the lace curtains the latter is placed directly behind the former. When the curtain poles are placed on a level with or a little below the soffit of the window light shows above them. To avoid this the fitting piece across the head should be kept 2 5/8 inches above the soffit of the window and the poles placed as in Fig. 251.

When it is desired to reduce the thickness of the wall, the jambs may be splayed, as shown in section in Fig. 254, and in elevation in Fig. 253. The window finish may also be brought forward into the room if furring is objectionable, as shown in Fig. 257.

Where lace curtains or draperies are not considered necessary, the shutters may be arranged to fold back against a pocket in the face of the wall, as shown in Figs. 255 and 256. There are also numerous other arrangements that may be provided for shutters, but those illustrated appear to the author to be the best. The shutters themselves should be framed and paneled with rails and stiles 1 1/8 inches thick (although sometimes made \ inch or 1 1/16 inches thick). They should be divided into at least two sections in height, as in Fig. 253, so that either the upper or lower half of the window may be closed at will. When the window is more than 6 feet high it is desirable to have three or four sections. Each section is also made, in folds or leaves, usually four folds to windows 3 feet or less in width, and six folds for wider windows.* The outer or hanging fold should always have solid panels, but the inner folds, especially in the upper section, ters will generally be obtained by buying of parties that make a specialty of their manufacture.

Fig. 154. - Curtain Pole.

Fig. 255.

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Fig. 256.

Inches and the maximum width 10 inches; the most desirable width seems to be between 8 and are usually fitted with rolling slats. In the best blinds the rolling slats do not have a rod in front, but are fitted with metal bars at the ends, which cause them to work better and take up no space. Fig. 258 shows the standard section (one-half full size) of stiles and panels as made by the Wilier Manufacturing Co. The folds should be hung so as to fold back in the manner indicated in the drawings. [For description of the hardware of trimmings see Chapter VI (Coliseums, Armories, Train Sheds, Exposition Buildings, Etc).] Shutters are usually made of the same wood as the finish of the room, although occasionally a different kind of wood is used. Better shut fig. 257.

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