[As the' carpenters' work required to erect a frame building and prepare it for plastering is so different from that required on a brick building, not only in framing and covering the walls, but also in the details of the window frames and usually of the exterior finish, the author has thought it best to give separate specifications for frame and brick buildings, up to the point where they are enclosed for lathing. Beyond that point, a single form of specification will answer for all ordinary buildings, whether of brick, stone or frame.]

Timber. - The whole of the timber used in and throughout the building to be the best of its respective kind, full and square to the dimensions indicated, well seasoned, free from large or loose knots, sap, shakes or other imperfections impairing its durability or strength.

Sleepers under basement floor to be of chestnut (locust, cypress or redwood), 4x4 inches, and 18 inches on centres.

Posts supporting porch floors to be of cedar (redwood), 6 inches in diameter at the smallest end.

Hard Pine. - The girders supporting first floor, and the posts supporting the same, to be of long leaf yellow pine. This is not usual in frame houses. Also the partition caps.

Spruce. - The posts, sills, girls and first and second floor joists are to be of spruce (Norway pine, native pine).

Hemlock. - All other framing timber to be of hemlock.

[It is much better to have all the framing timber of spruce or pine, although hemlock is largely used in some localities.]

All framing timbers and scantling to be of the sizes and distances apart indicated on the framing plans (or sections).

[It is customary with many architects to put the size of all framing timbers in the specifications, and when there are no framing plans it is best to do this. When all of the dimensions are marked on the drawings the author believes it is better not to repeat them in the specifications.]

Any other timber not shown on the drawings, but required to carry out the evident intent of the plans in a proper manner, is to be furnished by the contractor.

♦For specifications for mason work of all kinds, including plastering and fireproofing, see Part I.