The cypress is a large deciduous tree occupying much of the swamp and overflow land along the coast and rivers of the Southern States. "There are numerous species of cypress, and as many qualities as there are species, that grown near the coast of the Gulf of Mexico and being known as Gulf Cypress being admittedly the best."

The wood is soft, light, straight grained, free from knots and easily worked, and is imperishable where covered with water. Its color is somewhat like that of olive wood, though it is not as fine grained nor as handsome. It makes a very pretty finish, however, when yarnished and rubbed down. This wood is very durable and especially adapted for use in damp situations, such as for shingles, siding, eaves troughs or gutters, water tables, sills, sleepers, etc., and for tanks, tubs and vats. It appears to be less injuriously affected by damp than any other wood except redwood or cedar. It also possesses the quality of not warping to any extent, and it is claimed that for making sash, doors and blinds it is equal to white pine. It probably makes the most durable shingle, as there are instances where cypress shingles have been in continued use for 100 years. It can be obtained in wide, clear boards, and is excellent for pantry fittings, etc. If it were not for its softness it would make one of the best finishing woods. It is cheaper than clear pine, except in the very Northern and Western States.