This section is from the "An Architectural And Historical Account Of Crosby Place, London" book, by Edward L. Blackburn. Also see Amazon: An Architectural And Historical Account Of Crosby Place, London.
The first notice of Lord Compton's possession occurs in July, 1609, four months after Sir John Spencer's death, when he and hie son, Spencer Compton, thus named, probably, in compliment to his grandfather, purchased two of the four messuages reserved in the sale from Cyoll to Ronde, which had reverted, on the death of the widow Cyoll, to the parties of whom they purchased, by virtue of a Deed of Feoffment.* William Lord Compton's residence would seem to have been but brief, as in 1615 he leases it for 21 years to William Russel, of London,* describing the "Capital messuage or mansion-house, called Crosbye House." as being "then or late in the tenure of the Dowager Countess of Pembroke".
From Lord Compton, otherwise William, Earl of Northampton,*¡ the property, which, with the exception of the two tenements before referred to, appears to have been nearly, it not the same, as the possessions of Bonvisi, descended to his son Spencer, Barl of Northampton, who, in 1638, resided with his Lady* in Crosbye House, as a curious deed or lease, dated 26th November in that year proves.*
* The parties were, one Masham and Coppin, and they were Executors of the Widow Cyoll, as well as Feoffees. Widow Cyoll's will is dated the 25th of August, 1608.
* The rent covenanted to be paid by Russel was 200 per annum, a considerable rent in those days - and such, probably, as but few houses in London, at that time, produced.
* Mary, daughter of Sir Henry Beaumont, brother of Mary, Countess of Buckingham. - Hasted's Hist, of Kent. * This deed gives an insight into the manner and terms on which the Governor and Company of the New River transacted their business at that time. Instead of a mere payment for the use of the water, as now usually practised, a lease of the water, or rather the pipe containing the water, seems to have been granted. The Indenture is made "between the Governor and Company of the New River brought from Chadwell and Amwell to London, on the one part, and the Right Honourable Spenser, Earl of Northampton, and the Lady Mary, his wife, on the other pact;" and recites, "that the said Governors and Company, in consideration of 3, paid in the name of a fine or income did demise and grant unto the said Earl and this Lady, a quill or branok of lead, containing half an inch of water, or thereabouts; the said branch to be laid from the main pipe-that lyeth in Great St. Ellen's, and from thence to be conveyed to the aforesaid pipe of lead by two of the smaller swan-necked cocks, for that purpose then already employed, into the kitchen and wash-house of the then dwelling-house of the said Earl and his Lady, at his or their own cosis. To hold the said branch and water-course, unto the said Earl and his Lady, for the term of 21 years, then next ensuing (time of needul reparations and mischance and casualty by fire only excepted), if the said Earl and his Lady should so long live, dwell, and continue in the said house, and use it not otherwise than they then did for greater expenses of water, at the yearly rent of 4, payable quarterly." There is also in the Deed some of the covenants usual in leases of houses, viz. a covenant for "quiet enjoyment (time of needful reparation and casualties by fire excepted), covenant on the part of Lessees, that the Governor and Company, or their officers and ser-
*¡ He was created Earl of Northampton, August 2d, 10th of , James I., was Lord President of Wales, and died 14th of June 1630.
The period of hit occupation did not, however, exceed four years, commencing, probably, at the expiration of the lease from his father to Russell, as in June, 1640, we find Sir John Langham, Knt. in possession, under a lease of that date, for "four score and nineteen years." The fee simple remained in him until his death, and in the hands of his son James until 1678, when it passed to the Cranfields. The shortness of Earl Spencer's residence here may be referred to the commencement of the troubles which at this period began to distract the kingdom. The city of London is represented as strenuously supporting the measures of the Parliament, and, as such, would be no proper place for the adherents of the King, among whom the Earl* was one of the firmest; and one among the first of vants shall come into the house to view the said cock and pipe for the said water-coarse, and to see that the said water shall not run to waste." Also a proviso for re-entry, if the rent should be unpaid 14 days after due ; or if water should be run to waste (excepting time of frost), or if the cock and pipe should be altered, or taken away, or any other water-course drawn out of it. Lessees not to give any water out of the said pipe or cock to any persons but such as did take water of the said Governor and Company, and that only when by casual means their own pipe should be stopped or broken; and a covenant from Lessors for cessation of rent, if Lessees should be "unserved with water by reason of any let or impediment," which should not be mended within 14 days after notice, except in time the nobility who fell in the struggle which succeeded.
* He was slain in battle, on the King's side, at Hopton Heath,' Staffordshire, March 19, 1642.