This section is from the book "Cyclopedia Of Architecture, Carpentry, And Building", by James C. et al. Also available from Amazon: Cyclopedia Of Architecture, Carpentry And Building.
In the preceding pages we have considered the most important of the methods in use for the construction of the rough framework of buildings. We will now take up the general subject of finish, both outside and inside. There are two things which the outside finish of a building is intended to do: first, to protect the vital part of the structure - the framework; and second, to decorate this framework and to make it as pleasing in appearance as may be possible. Both of these purposes must be borne in mind when designing or erecting any outside finish, as both are equally important and neither should be neglected.
The material used for the finish varies under different conditions and in different parts of the country. Of course, it must first of all be durable when exposed to the weather, and it must be a wood which can be easily worked. The best kinds of wood for the purpose are white pine and cypress, and one of these woods is generally used. Spruce and Georgia pine are sometimes used on cheap work, but they are much inferior to white pine. Poplar is very good but scarce. Pine should be employed wherever it is obtainable.