It is entirely outside of the province of this paper to attempt to catalogue the hardware now made. There is no line of manufacture in which the details are more intricate, and few retail or even wholesale stores carry a full line of any particular make. To persons interested in the purchase of hardware, it is suggested that upon request the manufacturers will forward catalogues showing their various lines; or such catalogues can be borrowed from a retail store. Any order for other than the commonplace, low-priced, stock hardware will generally be filled at the factory.

Any prices quoted in any textbook, can be taken only as a general guide; and it must be remembered that prices of hardware are especially liable to fluctuation. In busy times, it is often difficult to obtain a "bill of hardware" even at full market prices; whereas, when a slight easing off in business occurs, manufacturers and their agents not infrequently make material cuts in prices, in order to keep their shops full during the quiet season.

When work on any bill has reached this point, it is evident that the buyer can soon reach a decision as to whether it is necessary for him to buy a lower grade of hardware than he first intended, or whether he can afford a better.

Under the more common, slipshod way of buying hardware a man selects a few of the more prominent items without reckoning the cost of the numerous unlisted class, and is generally disappointed at the conclusion in two ways - first, in finding the number of items, and their expense, about double his first idea; and second, in finding that he has bought a lot of appliances not suited to his wants, costing as much as the items which were desired, but which his lack of forethought and system prevented him from getting.

Following the lines above laid down, our layout plans will appear somewhat as illustrated in Figs. 68 to 71; and our memoranda will have assumed a form something like the following:

Hardware for Doors

D3 Loose-pin japanned iron butts, with tip,

4 in.

X

4 in

D4

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

5 in.

X

5 in.

D5 Plain tee-hinges, 14 in.

D6 Knob-latches, R. H.

D7

"

"

L.H.

D8

"

it

stopwork and pass key, R. H.

D9

"

"

thumb-bolt...R.H.

D10

"

"

"

"

...L.H.

Dll Knob-latches, dead bolt...R.H.

D12 " " " " ...L.H.

D13 Sliding-door latch.

D14 Mineral knobs.

D15 Iron store-door latch, with thumb-piece.

D16 Jet knobs.

D17 Padlock and hasp.

D18 Chain-bolt.

D19 Sliding-door hanger

D20 Refrigerator clamp.

D21 Double-acting butts

D22 Push-plates.

D23 Heavy iron bolt.

D24 Push button for electric bell.

Hardware for Windows

W30 Fast-pin plain iron butts, 3 in. x 3 in.

W31 Pulleys, 2 in. on running face

W32 Sash-lifts, Hook.

W33 Heavy cellar-window fastener

W34 Loose-pin butts, 5 in. x 5 in., same asD 4.

W35 French window latch, L. H.

W36 Extension bolt.

W 37 Wire hook and eye.

W38 Sash lock.

W 39 " cord.

W"40 " weights.

W41 " sockets.

W 42 " hook.

W50 Blind hinges.

W51 " hold-backs.

W52 " catches.

W53 " adjuster.

Miscellaneous Hardware

M60 Towel hooks.

M 61 Coat hooks.

M62 Wardrobe hooks.

M 63 Wire closet hooks.

M 64 Knee-catches.

M 65 Cupboard spring catches.

M 66 Drawer-pulls.

M 67 Loose-pin butts, with tips, 3 in. x 3 in,

M 68 Fast-pin " no " 2 in. x 2 in.

M69 Toilet-paper holder.

M 70 Pivot for flour-box (1 pair).

M 71 Chain to hold drop-front drawers.

M 72 Flush-ring cupboard catch.

Quantity Sheet, Door Hardware

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

d

D

1-°D

D

D

d

D

d

D

D

D

1

2

3

4

5

0

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

1____

3

1

1

2

3

1

1

3. . . .

3

1

1

. .

4 . . .

2

1

5 . . .

3

1

1

101____

3

1

1

1

102 . . . .

3

1

1

103 . . . .

3

1

104____

3

1

105 . . . .

1

1

106 . . . .

3

1

107 . . . .

3

1

1

108. . . .

3

1

109 . . . .

3

1

1

110 . . . .

3

1

111 . . . .

3

1

112. . . .

3

1

1

1

2

. ,

114 . . . .

3

1

1

115 . . . .

3

1

1

116 . . . .

3

1

1

117. . . .

3

1

1

118 . . . .

1

1

Pair

201 . . . .

3

Pairs

1

202____

3

1

203. . . .

3

1

204 . . . .

3

1

205____

3

1

206..

3

1

207. . . .

3

1

208 . . . .

3

1

209.

3

1

210____

3

1

211 . . . .

3

1

3

1

213____

3

1

214____

3

1

215 . . . .

3

1

\

216

3

1

301 . . . .

3

1

1

302 . . . .

3

1

1

93

18

3

4

4

2

5

4

6

11

1

11

1

25

1

3

1

1

1

2

1

1

Quantity Sheet, Window Hardware

W

w

W

W

w

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

41

42

50

51

52

53

51

1

1

1

52

1

1

1

53

1

1

1

54

1

1

Same as D 4

1

55

1

1

1

56

4

1

15

4

57

4

1

15

4

58

1

1

1

59

1

1

1

60

1

1

1

61

1

1

1

62

1

.

1

1

150

No Hardware

Feet

151

No Hardware

152

Pairs

No Hardware

153

. .

No Hardware

154

4

2

1

15

4

1

3

2

2

1

155

6

1

2

3

2

2

1

156

6

1

2

3

2

2

1

157

4

2

15

4

1

3

2

2

1

15S

4

15

4

159

4

15

4

3

2

2

. .

160

4

2

15

4

161

.

4

2

15

4

162

.

4

2

15

4

163

4

2

15

4

164

.

4

2

15

4

165

4

2

15

4

166

.

4

2

15

4

4 for general use

. .

. .

167

4

2

15

4

1

3

2

2

1

168

4

2

15

4

1

. .

3

2

2

1

169

.

4

2

15

4

1

3

2

2

1

170

.

4

2

15

4

1

3

2

2

1

250

4

2

15

4

1

3

2

2

1

251

4

2

15

4

1

3

2

2

1

252

4

2

15

4

1

3

2

2

1

253

4

2

15

4

1

3

2

2

1

254

.

4

2

15

4

1

3

2

2

1

255

4

2

15

4

1

3

2

2

1

256

1

2

15

4

1

3

2

2

1

257

4

2

15

4

1

3

2

2

1

258

4

2

15

4

1

3

2

2

1

259

4

2

15

4

1

3

2

2

1

260

4

2

15

4

1

3

2

2

1

261

.

4

2

15

4

1

3

2

2

1

262

4

2

15

4

1

3

2

2

1

263

.

4

2

15

4

1

3

2

2

1

351

4

15

4

352

4

15

4

353

4

15

4

354

4

15

4

355

4

15

4

1

356

4

15

4

357

4

15

4

358

4

15

4

10

156

54

10

12

2

4

10

39

585

156

21

4

69

46

46

22

Quantity Sheet, Miscellaneous Hardware

.M60

M61

M62

M63

M 64

M65

.M66

M67

M68

M69

M70

M71

M72

90

4

1

91

3

12

190

1

1

3

2

191

1

1

2

192

1

1

3

2

193

1

1

3

2

194

2

2

4

195

1

1

4

2

1

290

4

6

1

291

3

Pairs

292

24

293

2

30

Pairs

294

2

30

295

3

9:0

3

296

2

30

297

2

30

7

8

10

156

7

7

16

14

3

2

1

9:0

3

Based on the foregoing memoranda and quantity sheets, we are now prepared to make out a list covering every detail of hardware required, and to submit same for quotation of prices. This list, with prices quoted as current in September, 1907, for cheap, medium, and best grades of hardware will assume substantially the form of one of the following bills:

BILL No. 1

Bill for the Cheapest Grade of Hardware which under any Conditions

would be Suitable

DOORS

D3

93, 4x4 in. wrought-iron japanned loose-pin butts,

5 knuckles, with tips on pins; 47 pairs ..

@

Price

$0.18 . . . .$

8.46

D4

18, 5x5 in. butts, same as above; 9 pairs ....

@

.30.

2.70

D5

3 Pairs 14 in. plain tee-hinges ...

@

.20.

.60

D6

4 R. H. plain knob latches, brass front, and strikeplate, all interior worksof brass or bronze ...

@

.80.

3.20

D7

4 L. H. cylinder latches same as above ....

@

.80.

3.20

D8

2 R H cylinder latches with flat pass key and stopworks (works same as above) ....

@

4.00.

8.00

D9

5 R.H. latches with thumb-bolt (works same as above) .....

@

1.00.

5.00

D10

4 L. H. latches with thumb-bolt (works same as above) .....

@

1.00.

4.00

Dll

6 R. H. latches, dead-bolt, with three tumblers and bit key (works same as above).....

@

1.00.

6.00

D12

11 L.H. latches, dead-bolt, with three tumblers and bit key (works same as above) ....@

1.00

11 .00

D13

1 Sliding-door latch, all brass or bronze except case

. .

2.15

D14

11 Mineral door-knobs, round, iron escutcheons, common spindles ........

.10.

1.10

D15

1 Heavy japanned iron store-door latch with thumb-piece ..........

.20

D16

25 Pairs jet knobs, with 23 pairs plain bronze-plated escutcheons approximately l 1/2x5 1/2 in. @ 34c.

9.44

7.82

and 2 pairs solid bronze similar escutcheons, 1 pair for front vestibule door, and 1 only for outside of 2nd vestibule door and back hall door @ 81c.........

1.62___

D17

1 2 1/2-in. Padlock and hasp, all iron except interior of padlock, which is to be of brass and to have three tumblers; also chain for securing padlock whennot in use ............

.40

D18

3 Chain-bolts, plain wrought iron, bronze-plated. .

@

.60.

1.80

D19

1 Set sliding-door hanger and track, with 5-in. iron anti-friction wheels.......

4.00

D20

1 Refrigerator clamp, cast-iron galvanized, 6-in. lever handle with 6-in. bolt.....

.40

D21

1 Pair 6-in. japanned iron double-acting spring butts..........

1.75

D22

2 Push-plates approximately 3x12 in., wroughtiron, bronze-plated ........

@

.40.

.80

D23

1 Heavy iron 6-in. bolt .........

.

.15

D24

1 Solid bronze, plain electric bell push-button..

. .

.20

Total cost for doors

...$ 74.55

WINDOWS

W30

10 Pairs 3x3 in. fast-pin plain iron butts ......

@

$0.06 1/2

$ .65

W31

156 Window pulleys, wheel 2-in. on running face, steel pin and bushing, wheel and face iron, 13 doz ............

@

1.00.

. 13.00

W32

54 Hook-pattern sash-lifts at least 1 3/8xl 3/4 in. bronze-plated iron, 4 1/2 doz .......

@

.28.

1.26

W33

10 Heavy cellar-window fasteners, combined with pull, japanned iron ..........

@

.08.

.80

W34

6 Pairs 5x5 in. loose-pin butts (same as D 4)..

@

.30.

1.80

W35

2 L. H. French window latches with lever handle (similar throughout to No. 7, except that in depth they are to be no more than 1 1/2 in)..

@

.60. .

1.20

W36

4 Flush bolts with knob or lever operating device, 12 in. long, bolt 3/8 in. in diameter, all visible parts iron, bronze-plated ...........

@

40.

1.60

W37

10 Wire hooks and eyes, 4 in. long, wire not less than ⅛ in. in diameter (No. 11 gauge)...

@

.02.

.20

W38

39 Sash-locks, approximately 2 x 2 in., iron, japanned, with horizontal action and of such design that sash will be drawn in., 3 doz..

@

1

.00.

3.25

W39

600 feet in. braided (white) cotton sash-cord, 13 lbs.

@

.30.

3.90

W40

156 Sash-weights (iron), approximately 1,800lbs. . .

@

.01*

31.50

W41

21 Flush sash-sockets, 1 in. diameter, iron, 1 doz. .

@

.25.

.44

W42

4 Pull-down hooks, bronzed iron, mounted on poles

5 feet long ......

@

.40.

1.60

W50

69 pairs wrought-iron blind hinges .....

@

.09.

6.21

W51

46 wrought-iron blind fasteners, 3 5/6 doz ....

@

.50.

1.92

W52

46 Iron blind catches for sill, 3 5/6 doz .....

@

.12.

.46

W53

22 Sets blind adjusters,** rods not less than 5/16 in. in diameter, which will hold the blind open at any angle up to 60° from the house, I 5/6 doz...

3.50

6.42

Total cost for windows .

$ 76

.21

MISCELLANEOUS HARDWARE

M60

7 Towel hooks, japanned iron, projection 6 in. .

@

$

.15.

.$ 1

.05

M61

8 Coat " " " " 6 in.

@

.15.

1.20

M62

10 Wardrobe" " " " 3 in.

@

.03.

.30

M63

156 Wire closet hooks, 1 1/12 gross ....

@

.90.

.98

M64

7 Knee-catches, iron, japanned, plate on door approximately 1x2 in.......

©

.06.

.44

M65

7 Cupboard spring catches round or T-handles, base not less than 2x2 in., japanned iron..

@

.25.

1.75

M66

16 Plain iron drawer-pulls, japanned, not less than 4 in. long, one to be used on each drawer, also one on flour-box, 1⅓ doz.......

@

.40.

.54

M67

14 Pairs 3x3 in. loose-pin butts with tips, japanned iron, 2 to each cupboard door.....

@

.08.

1.12

M68

3 Pairs 2x2 in. fast-pin butts, iron (drop-front drawers).........

@

.05.

.15

M69

2 Toilet-paper holders, nickel-plated, to hold rolled paper, and of heavy plain pattern...

@

.30.

.60

M70

1 Pair heavy iron pivots for flour-box .....

@

.15.

.15

M71

9 feet of light brass chain, for holding in horizontal position drop fronts of drawers....

@

.01.

.14

M72

3 Flush-ring cupboard catches for closing drop fronts to drawers ....

@

.30.

.90

Total cost for Miscellaneous Items ..........

. $9

.32

* Note. - The price of sash-weights varies materially in different localities, depending on local facilities for casting them.

**Note. - If of a type combining sill catch for securing blinds when 6hut, W52 can be dispensed with; but under any circumstances W51 will be required.

Summary

Hardware for Doors .........

$

74.55

"

"

76.21

"

"

Miscellaneous Items......

9.32

Total cost for cheapest grade of hardware suitable..

$

160.08

The hardware items listed in the above bill are all of a substantial character, but of such grade that at no point is money expended for the sake of appearances. The total cost, $160.08, is certainly a very low amount to expend for hardware in a home of this character. In several points, accordingly, changes from the above list can be made with advantage, as follows:

Bill No. 2 Hardware Of Middle Grade In Every Respect Suitable Doors

D3

All butts for second story changed to a good quality bronze-plated butts, making these items: 35 Pairs, unchanged.......

@

$0

.18.

$

6.30

12 Pairs, changed.......

@

.43.

5.16

D4

9 Pairs, changed to finish as above....

@

.57.

5.13

D5,

D6, D7, D8, D9, D10, D11, D12, D13, D14, D15, price unchanged .......

44.45

D16

23 Pairs of jet knobs changed to spun or wrought metal, escutcheons not changed but with screwless spindles .........

@

.86.

19.78

2 Pairs changed to cast bronze knobs to go with bronze escutcheons (outside doors)...

@

1.50

3.00

D17

, D18, D19, D20, D21, unchanged.....

8.35

D22

Bronze push-plates in lieu of bronzed iron (for wearing qualities only), 2......

@

.60.

1.20

D23

Unchanged.........

.

.15

D24

One solid bronze electric bell push-button with faceplate 2 in. x 4 in........

. . .

.50

Total cost for Doors.....

$

94.02

WINDOWS

W30,

W31, W32, W33, unchanged......

.

.$

15.71

W34

Changed same as D4, 6 prs .......

@

$0.57.

3.42

W35

Unchanged.........

1.20

W36

Flush-bolts changed to bronze, 4....

@

1.35

5.40

W37,

W38, W39, W40, unchanged......

@

38.85

W41

21 Sash sockets changed, 1 in. x 2 in. bronzed iron . .

. 50 doz

.88

W42,

W50, W51, W52, W53, unchanged.....

16.61

Total cost for Windows .........

$

82.07

MISCELLANEOUS HARDWARE

M 60,

M61, M62, M63, M64, unchanged.....

$

3.97

M 65

7 Cupboard spring catches, changed to bronzed iron (same price as japanned) .....

©

.25.

1.75

M66

1C Drawer-pulls, changed to bronze-plated...

®

.60doz.

.80

M67

- 14 Pairs 3 in. x 3 in. loose-pin butts, changed to bronze-plated ..........

@

.18.

2.52

M68,

M69, M70, M71, M72, unchanged.....

. . .

1.94

Total Cost for Miscellaneous Items..

$

10.98

Summary

Hardware for Doors ...........

$

94.02

"

"

Windows .......

82.07

"

"

Miscellaneous items...

10.98

Total cost for hardware of middle grade in every respect suitable ...........

$

187.07

If it is desired to place the best hardware which is in any way suitable for the dwelling under consideration, a bill along the following lines would be made up (not duplicating the detail of the first or second bills where unchanged):

Bill No. 3 Hardware Of Best Grade Doors

D3

All butts in second story changed to the best quality of bronze-plated or wrought-bronze, ball-bearing

12 pairs ...........

@

$0

.62.

.$

7.44

Unchanged, 35 pairs ............

@

.18.

6.30

D4

9 Pairs changed to finish same as above...

@

.75.

. 6.75

D5,

D6, D7, D8, D9, D10, D11, D12, D13, D14, D15, unchanged.........

. 44.45

D16

23 Pairs of knobs and escutcheons, changed to cast metal ................

@

1

.50.

. 34.50

2 Pairs not changed from Bill No. 2....

3.00

D17,

D18, Unchanged........

. .

2.20

D19

One set sliding-door hangers,changed to ball-bearing

5.50

D20

One refrigerator clamp, changed to brass...

.75

D21

One spring double-acting hinge unchanged...

. 1.75

D22,

, D23, D24, unchanged from Bill No. 2....

1.85

Total Cost for Doors ...........

$114.49

WINDOWS

W30

Unchanged ...............

.$

0.65

W31

156 Window pulleys, changed to bronze face and wheel, roller-bearings, 13 doz.....

@

4.60 doz.

59.80

W32

54 Flush bronze sash-lifts, 3 in. x 1⅝ in....

@

.60 doz

2.70

TF33

Same as in Bill No. 1. ........

. .

.80

W34

6 Pairs, changed to best-quality bronze-plated or wrought bronze, ball-bearing.....

@

.75.

4.50

W35

Unchanged.........

. .

1.20

W36

" from Bill No. 2.....

. . .

5.40

W37

" " " " 1

.20

W3S

39 Solid bronze sash-locks, 3 doz.....

@

4.00.

13.00

W39

600 Feet sash chain in lieu of cotton cord...

@

02.

13.50

W40

Unchanged from Bill No 1......

31.50

W41

21 Sash sockets, same as in Bill No. 2....

.88

W42

4 Bronze pull-down hooks polished poles...

@

1.00.

4.00

W50,

W51, W52, W53, unchanged......

15.01

Total Cost for Windows .........

$153.14

MISCELLANEOUS HARDWARE

M60, M61, M62, M63, M64, M65, M66, M67, M68, M69, M70,

M71, M72, unchanged from Bill No. 2... ____

$10.98

Summary

Hardware fir Doors ......

.$114.49

"

"

Windows

153.14

"

"

Miscellaneous Items...

10 98

Total Cost for Hardware of Best Grade.

$278.61

By comparing the figures of these three bills, it will be seen that the price varies as follows:

Bill No. 1 - Very plain but thoroughly substantial hardware......$160.08

Bill No. 2 - Varying from the above by using more ornamental fixtures... 187.07

Bill No. 3 - By using the best material and appliances appropriate..... 278 .61

Attention is very particularly directed to the fact that none of the bills call for designs with other than plain surfaces. For general use, where the best results from all points are desired, the scheme on which Bill No. 2 is based is by far the best. Few persons would ever notice a difference between schemes No. 2 and No. 3, although the latter costs nearly 50 per cent more than the former.