This section is from the book "Cyclopedia Of Architecture, Carpentry, And Building", by James C. et al. Also available from Amazon: Cyclopedia Of Architecture, Carpentry And Building.
As a part of the drainage system we must provide for the distribution of the rain water from the roofs. If our house were connected with a sewer we would simply connect the conductors properly with the main drain pipe in the cellar, but as we do not want this great amount of water to run into the cesspool we will lead it away from the house by means of earthen pipes running from the bottom of the conductors to "dry wells". These are excavations some three or four feet each way, filled with loose stones which will be piled around the end of the drain pipes and the whole covered with the grading. (Fig. 12.) The location of these wells will be determined by the position of the conductors and they must be at least eight or ten feet from the cellar wall, and farther away if there is any danger of the water finding its way back to the cellar. The waste from the laundry trays being of a comparatively clear nature we will dispose of in the same manner.
HOUSE FOR SUPERINTENDENT OF INDIANA STEEL COMPANY, AT GARY, IND.
Dean & Dean, Architects, Chicago, 111.