1. What is the usual arrangement in regard to use of party walls?

2. How is a cellar or vault wall usually protected from dampness? What material is to be preferred?

3. Describe the method of constructing brick-veneered buildings.

4. How is ashlar bonded, and what must be observed in backing stone with bricks?

5. What is meant by "half-slating?" Describe the appearance of good slates.

G. Describe five tools used in stone cutting.

7. What are some of the common defects to be noted in the inspection of cut stone?

8. What is a good proportion for cement concrete?

9. Give two formulae for the safe load on piling. What condition of moisture is necessary for the preservation of piling?

10. What is a rowlock arch? A gauged arch?

11. Describe the process of laying bricks. What common practice must be guarded against?

12. How are cast-iron columns tested? How should the ornamental caps be made?

13. What is broken ashlar? Make simple sketch.

14. Why are bricks wet, and how should it be done?

15. Upon what does the strength of a rubble wall mainly depend? What is coursed rubble?

16. What is "English bond?" "Flemish bond?" Make a sketch of each.

17. How should stone sills be bedded? Why?

18. What common practice in laying a tin roof should be guarded against? Describe the use and advantage of "cleats."

19. What are some of the common finishes given to cut stone?

20. What is skeleton construction?'

21. How would you prepare an old floor to receive tiling? What is "floating" of tiles?

22. How may hollow brick walls be bonded, and what precaution is necessary?

23. Give a brief summary of the six "general rules for laying cut stone."

24. Why are columns and girders to be preferred to partitions for supporting store floors?

25. Describe a process of laying a tar and gravel composition roof.

20. Describe the construction of a fireproof vault.

27. Describe the main features of mill construction.

28. How are fire doors made and hung?

29. Mention four important things to be considered in the planning of mercantile buildings.

30. Show by a sketch some common forms of steel columns. Which are "open," and which "closed columns?"

31. Describe the "end method" terra-cotta floor arch. "Side method."

32. What preparation is necessary before painting a steel frame? What is often used in place of paint? Why?

33. What is the "dead load" of a building? "Live load?" Why should not all of the latter be always used in determining footings?

34. What should be noted in inspecting riveting and splicing? Why is bolting not as good as riveting?

35. What is grillage? A caisson?

36. Describe the Expanded Metal concrete floor.

37. How are level ceilings formed under fireproof floors and roofs?

38. Of what material should soil pipes in high buildings be made, and how put together? Why?

39. How may fireproof partitions be made?

40. Make a sketch of an ordinary type of steel girder. What are separators and how are they used?

41. What particular qualities are desirable in a fireproof floor?

42. Describe the "Ransome" floor construction.

43. What is wind pressure, and how are its effects guarded against in high buildings?

44. Why must tie rods be used in some forms of floor construction? What is the common size?

45. Describe two methods of fireproofing a steel column.

46. What are some of the advantages of "hard plaster?" What is "scagliola? "

47. Describe a fireproof partition of metal lathing.

48. What must be particularly observed in the setting of terracotta floor arches?

49. What must be noted in the inspection of a steel frame?

50. How may exterior windows in mercantile buildings be made fireproof?